The Influence of the Levels of Education and Knowledge on the Performance of Community Health Workers in Soy Sub-County, Kenya (Published)
Community health workers (CHWs) the world over help to alleviate the shortages of health workers in the health sector. They are involved in the delivery of health services to the community and constitute the first point of contact on health-related issues in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The performance of CHWs is often hampered by various factors. The purpose of the study was to investigate the socio-cultural factors influencing the performance of CHWs in Soy Sub-County. Based on the study, this paper explores the influence of CHWs’ level of education and knowledge on their performance in Soy Sub-County. A correlation research design was used in the study with systematic sampling method being used to identify the respondents. In total, 98 respondents were given questionnaires to fill. Qualitative data was also collected from 7 heads of community health management team (CHMT) using key informant interviews. The collected data was then presented using frequency distribution tables while inferential statistics were computed using regression and correlation to determine the relationship between socio-cultural factors and performance of community health workers. Qualitative data was analysed manually to generate trends, sub-themes and themes from which conclusions were inferred regarding the performance of CHWs. The research findings showed that there was a significant (p= .000; α = 0.05) relationship that exists between education and knowledge and CHWs’ performance. Based on the findings, it was recommended that a strategy should be developed to incorporate all the stakeholders that affect the performance of community health workers in coming up with a training programme for CHWs. Moreover, there should be a policy shift in Kenya to encourage male CHW to scale up delivery of health services at community level. The findings of the study support decision-making on CHWs’ training programmes and also constitute the basis of transformation of implantation of community strategy in Soy Sub-County.
A Conjoint Analysis of the Determinants of Business School Preference among the Undergraduate Students in South India-An Empirical Study (Published)
The education sector in India has been witnessing a cut-throat competition, especially among the business schools, vying for students who have completed their undergraduate studies from various colleges and other educational institutions, and who are seeking admissions in reputed business schools to pursue their MBA program. As the competition has grown, the role of marketing department has increased significantly. One of the important pieces of information that would help the marketing efforts would be the understanding of the factors that determine the preferences towards the business schools. This study examines the business school preference in India. Adaptive conjoint analysis was used to investigate the relative importance of various attributes of business school preference. A descriptive research using stratified random sampling method was undertaken and the study was conducted using both primary and secondary data. Results indicated that the major determinants of business school preference were quality of teaching, infrastructure, reputation of business school, placement activities, distance from home, opinion of family and friends. It was concluded that the combination of factors like “course availability, job prospects, reputation of business school, accreditation, and quality of teaching,” was ranked the highest and combination of factors like “distance from home, opinion of family, and would friends join” was ranked the least.
THE FORMS AND LEVEL OF MOTIVATION FOR TEACHERS OF KISWAHILI IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ELGEYO MARAKWET COUNTY, KEIYO SUB-COUNTY, KENYA (Published)
Language subjects (Kiswahili or English) are important to the education of a student. This is evident in entry requirements or clustering of subjects performed to enable learners join higher learning institutions. Currently, for one to be absorbed in courses like medicine, law and engineering, he or she must score grade ‘A’ in English or Kiswahili. To accomplish their task, teachers need to utilize all the professional training, be innovative, creative, dedicated to the interest of learners in school and helping them during extra time beyond the school daily timetable. Teachers should be motivated to accomplish the noble task. This paper is designed to identify the level of motivation for teachers of Kiswahili. The study was based on Expectancy theory by Victor Vroom who explained that motivation is a combination of three factors: Valence, Expectancy and Instrumentality. The theory stresses that students and teachers expect to get a reward from the effort they put in their work. Survey research design and Stratified random sampling was used to select teachers teaching Kiswahili from the selected 14 schools out of 29 schools in Elgeyo Marakwet County. The sample included teachers and students. Questionnaires and document analysis were used in data collection. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics mainly frequencies, percentages, variances and standard deviations; t-test was applied in testing the hypothesis. The paper recommends that Head teachers and other administrators need to adopt a workable motivation schedule to improve the teachers’ level of motivation and consequently performance
THE LEVEL OF TRAINING OF TEACHER COUNSELORS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KAMARINY DIVISION OF KEIYO DISTRICT, KENYA (Published)
In any institution, the guidance and counselling department is deemed so crucial because it has an impact on the growth and the provision of quality educational programs. The impact of guidance and counselling in schools depends on the availability of resources, both human and physical and the support of the head teachers (Lutomia & Sikolia, 2008). This entangled with proper teacher counselor training makes guiding and counseling contributes to the great success in schools. It is therefore important for every school to have a working guidance and counselling program to be able to support the students who need assistance for their growth and discipline in schools. Parents must also be included in the program for it to function properly (Mutie & Ndambuki, 1999). This paper focuses on identifying teacher counselor and their levels of training in secondary schools in Kamariny Division of Keiyo District. The author employed a descriptive survey design targeting the teacher counselors in the selected schools. The population of the study comprised 10 teacher counselors. Purposive sampling was used to select the teacher counselors. A questionnaire was used in data collection after which the data were analyzed with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12.5 for Windows. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics in the form of frequencies and percentages. The findings showed that the teacher counselors are not adequately trained to counsel the students in the secondary schools. Many of them have attended only workshops and seminars on guidance and counselling. The paper therefore recommends that each secondary school in Kenya should have a well trained guidance and counselling teacher to assist the students deal with existing and emerging challenges.