Tag Archives: Level Of Education

Teachers’ Perceptions about Effective School Administration. How Do They Correlate With The Level Of Teacher Education? (Published)

Over the last decades, scientific research has focused on the effective school leaders, their action and their role, as effective school leadership seems to influence decisively strategic planning, learning outcomes, school environment changes, school climate and culture. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the perceptions of 105 primary education teachers of the region of Lehena (Ileia Prefecture) on effective school administration in order to establish the correlation of a particular demographic factor, namely the level of education, with effective school administration. The survey conducted is quantitative, while the research tool used was the questionnaire, consisting of 9 axes (school climate, school leadership and direction, program development, personnel management, administration and financial management, student care, professional development and training, relationships with parents and the community, problem solving and decision making), which, according to the international literature, constitute effective school administration. A significant number of statistical findings were recorded.

Keywords: Effective School Leadership, Level Of Education, Principals, Teachers

Correlational Study of Athletes’ Marital Status, Level of Education and Perception of Gender Harassment, Unwanted Sexual Attention and Sexual Coercion in Southern Nigerian Universities (Published)

The study was a correlational study of athletes’ marital status, level of education and perception of gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and sexual coercion in southern Nigerian universities using survey design on 946 athletes as sample. A questionnaire with .93 as overall reliability co-efficient, and inter-scale reliability indices of α = .76 (gender harassment); α = .85 (unwanted sexual attention), and α = .91 (sexual coercion). Mean and simple regression statistic were used for data analysis. Results revealed that single (i.e. unmarried), married, undergraduate and postgraduate athletes perceived gender harassment as not a problem. Single (i.e. unmarried) and undergraduate athletes perceived unwanted sexual attention as not a problem while married and postgraduate athletes perceived it as a problem. Again, single (i.e. unmarried), married, undergraduate and postgraduate athletes perceived sexual coercion as a problem. Athletes’ marital status and level of education had significant relationship with perception of gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and sexual coercion. It was recommended that sexual harassment intervention programmes should be designed and mounted by governmental and non-governmental agencies, sports researchers/stakeholders and should focus more on married and postgraduate athletes. Sports participants should be made to understand what constitutes sexual harassment to athletes especially to married and postgraduate athletes through mass media, seminars, workshops and conferences by sports stakeholders.

Keywords: Athletes, Gender Harassment, Level Of Education, Marital Status, Sexual Coercion., Unwanted Sexual Attention

The Influence of Marital Instability on Students’ School Adjustment (Published)

Marital instability has impacted the development as well as the social functioning of a number of children in Nigeria. This study therefore examined the influences of marital instability on students’ school adjustment in Benin metropolis, Edo State. The descriptive research survey was adopted for this study. A random sample size of 462 secondary school students was selected using the stepwise random method. The findings revealed that students from broken homes have difficulty adjusting to their schooling due to their school class or level, which showed least score with mean value of 2.85, followed by parental level of education mean value of 2.87, parental socio-economic status, with highest mean value of 3.12 and students gender with p value of .114 of marital instability. It is recommended that crucial consideration is needed by helping professional, such as social workers, teachers, guidance counselors, family counselors and child protection networks to promote the academic functioning of students of separated or divorced parents.

Keywords: Level Of Education, Marital instability, parental socio-economic status, school adjustment

The Moderating Effect of Level of Education on Capital Resource for Increased Employee Performance: A Case of Courier Companies in Kenya (Published)

The concept and perspective of level of education from human capital theory stems from the fact that there is no substitute for knowledge and learning, and that, they need to be relentlessly pursued and focused on by employees. This is according to Rastogi, (2000). Sustaining enterprise competitiveness –is human capital the Answer? He emphasizes on the need for a desire of individuals to invest their skills and expertise in the organization and their position. Many organizations however fail to embrace importance of knowledge, skill and learning as portrayed by high employee turnover as a result of incompetence. This paper analyses the moderating impact of the level of education given dynamic capital resource capabilities on employee performance. Its focus is on Courier companies in Kenya. It is rooted to the Resource based theory, which encourages a shift toward the employee skills and their relative contribution to value creation. A target population of 2800 was considered and a sample size of 339 respondents arrived at using Cochran’s formula. The study was explanatory and used simple random sampling. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Correlation and moderated regression analysis were used to test the hypothesis. Level of education was found to moderate the relationship between capital resource capabilities, and employee performance. The study provides new insights into factors influencing employee performance through the moderation of level of education. The paper recommends that courier companies should identify their critical capital resource capabilities putting emphasis on those that enhance employee performance and train employees on computer usage and internet.

Keywords: Courier Company, Employee Performance, Level Of Education, Training

Socio-Economic Factors Affecting the Performance of Women in Food Production (Published)

Women grow a substantial amount of food eaten by families, yet they still have less access to knowledge, technology, credit and land than men. Despite these data, there is still lack of sufficient data and information particularly on specific states in Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to identify the socioeconomic characteristics of women farmers in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State and to determine the relationship between those socio-economic characteristics and food production. Six villages were purposively selected. Eighty percent of the women were randomly selected in each of the villages. Two hundred women were selected and administered with a structured questionnaire. Descriptive Statistics, correlation and Regression Analysis were used to analyze results. The results show that the respondents are still active, mean age was 40. Thirty five percent have no formal education at all, sixty nine percent were members of cooperative,fifty four percent had no (mining, sixty three percent had extension contacts. Wealth status mean (mean N45,856) amount of food produced (mean N27,000), income mean (N21,378) amount of credit received (mean N75.856). Correlation results revealed income (r=0.6708), inputs (r=0.3646), farm size (r-0.2797), wealth status (r=0.2475) and training (r=0.2256) have positive and strong relationships with food production. Results of stepwise analysis indicated income contributed 39%, training 3% farm size 2%, costs of inputs 2% and wealth status 2% to food production at 5% level of significance. The null hypothesis there is no significant relationship between socioeconomic characteristics of women and food production was therefore rejected and the alternative hypothesis accepted. On the bass of these findings, it is recommended that women should be empowered through the provision of loans. The amount should be substantial and the loans disbursed on time. The
interest rate and cost of insurance charged should be low. There is also the need to improve upon the level of education of the women and also to train them on additional source of income generation.

Keywords: Food Production, Level Of Education, Socio-Economics, Women

Factors Hampering Uptake of Entrepreneurship among Persons with Impairments in Kenya: A Survey of Entrepreneurs with Impairments in Nairobi County (Review Completed - Accepted)

Bringing persons with impairments (PWIs henceforth) at par with the rest of society is a commitment enshrined in the constitution and efforts are being made by the Government to achieve this endeavor. The most suitable and effective strategy of economically empowering PWIs is encouraging them to become entrepreneurs. Despite entrepreneurship being the most suitable way of including PWIs in National development and self-reliance only a small fraction (one third) of this group of people are undertaking some form of business. This is due to the argument that, Entrepreneurship is not an easy activity especially with PWIs because they face various problems at the time of establishing the business.

The main objective of this study was to identify factors hampering uptake of entrepreneurship among persons with impairments in Kenya. The study population was entrepreneurs with impairments in Nairobi Kenya. The research adopted a descriptive research guided by survey research design. The ideal sampling technique was stratified random sampling with a sample size of 50 respondents. Questionnaire was used for data collection.

The findings shows that Most of PWIs entreprenuers have low level of education with no business training, and that most EWIs source their capital from personal savings followed by family and friends. Lack of acceptable collateral is a major obstacle in accessing credit to impaired entrepreneurs. Further, the study found that most EWIs had accessed mentorship programmes because they considered it important for business start up. Finally the study found that EWIs Have difficulties in accessing transport facilities affecting their mobility which further adversely affects their marketing and networking efforts. The study recommended for stakeholders involvement in all aspects including but not limited to education, access to finance, mobility and mentorship to increase awareness and entrepreneurial culture among PWIs.


Keywords: Access To Finance, Level Of Education, Mobility And Mentorship