The global competition and swiftness of changes emphasize the importance of human capital within organizations, as well as the swiftness and ways of knowledge gaining of that capital. Learning and development as many refer to it now is one of the most important aspects of our lives and our work. Many people view training as an activity that produces the result or outcome of learning and learning is typically viewed as new knowledge, skills and competencies or abilities. In this report we will discuss the training and development and its importance now a day for all organizations in order to achieve and reach their objectives and goals through set a training plan and then translate this plan to real training courses for each employee to refine and improve their skills, knowledge…est. Also we will talk about the several types and methods of training and development. Finally, how much value or interest that this training and development can offer to the employees and the company itself.
The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria,Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria.The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.
Challenges and Solutions of Acquiring Environmental Teaching and Learning Experiences of OTM Programme in Rivers State Polytechnics (Published)
The study adopted survey research design on challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme in Rivers State Polytechnics.. The population of the study was drawn from CEAPOLY and KENPOLY of NDII, HNDI and HNDII numbered 596 students of OTM programme with a sample of 234 using Krejie and Morgan sampling technique. The research instrument used was “challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences”, (CASAETALE) with a five point scale. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation by three experts. To ascertain the reliability and consistency of measurement, a pilot study was carried on 12 students which yielded 0.97 co-efficient. A total of 234 copies of the questionnaire were administered and 132 successfully retrieved. Mean statistics was used to answer the research questions, Standard Deviation used to find out the extent in which scores clustered around the means and t-test used to analyse the hypotheses. The finding showed that there was very high level of challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences and very high level of solutions to those challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme. Among other things, it was recommended that government and concerned organizations should make appropriate and adequate teaching and learning environment, facilities and equipment for appropriate environmental teaching and learning experiences to take place in the Polytechnics in Rivers State.
The changes in library operations and service delivery inundated by emerging technologies, pose a need for library and information science educators to adopt a global initiative to resolve curriculum and training issues in library schools in Africa. To this end, this paper reviews Library and Information Science education in Nigeria, Library and Information Science curriculum reforms, ICT and LISE, entrepreneurial skills in LISE and major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The paper presented a module for a proposed curriculum, identified the entrepreneurial skills needed by LISE graduates and posited that a dearth of qualified IT professionals in Library schools, poor funding, poor policy implementation among others are the major challenges facing LISE in Nigeria. The study recommended that effective policy implementation is an essential tool to enhance LISE transformation in Nigeria. Also, the opportunities the Information technology application offers will transform library and information science education, and these will help bridge the gap between the two worlds.
A way to analyse the tenets of English Language in terms of learning and teaching and process of developing skills in English Language to the non- native speakers (Published)
Language is just like an effluent river. It is a medium of communication which needs to have some approaches in both learning and teaching procedure , which are the combination of so many components and factors. Actually, a language comes through evolution which is adapted through different sorts of changes and changeling over the years. After coming into certain structure, language may be a bit stable and then , the way of learning and teaching becomes volatile due the cultural variation , its wide use and different usage as a tool of connecting language and increasing popularity across the world . Likewise , English language has come across a long way through its wide use and acceptance around the world . But the acquisition of Language to the non -native English speaking is variable due to level of accomplishment in the aforesaid language. In this article a focus is given on the utility and efficacy of approaches , methods and techniques in accordance with decisive factors under the aegis of ambience to improve the skills in English language. The article also describes some internal linguistic ways and means to learn a language with the function of the intrinsic and extrinsic faculties which is to be experimented and justified to have a greater accomplishment in the projected language
The Influencing Factors of Language Development: Learners Developing Second and Foreign Languages (Published)
The aim and objective of this research is to find out the language learners’ factors, language learning factors, their influence on the whole process of language learning and finally to look for some possible solutions. It is worth mentioning that a particular factor can be a barrier to one learner, whereas it may facilitate the other. There is no denying the fact that developing a new language, for example a second/foreign language, is basically a complex and tiring job. According to Stephen D. Krashen, we have two widely known and well accepted means to develop language: ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. Acquiring a language is a natural process, while learning a language is a training based activity. During the period of language development, students have a lot of issues such as: personal, social, biological, political, cultural, economic, academic and so on. Further researches show that after puberty, learners face some issues and there are facts that all individuals are different from one another. In the early 1960’s, there was an upsurge of interest in individual characteristics. All these issues that affect language learning can broadly be categorized as internal and external factors. To facilitate language learning, students’ initial errors in developing language should be allowed and corrected with a sympathy and tact. So, to discover a short-cut solution to removing and/or minimizing all the factors of language learners and language learning in order to develop the target language is not an effortless task.
Nature School Learning Model (Case Study at the School of Universe, Lebak Wangi Village, Parung District, Bogor Regency) (Published)
This study aimed to: (1) examine the nature school learning model at the School of Universe, Lebak Wangi Village, Parung District, Bogor Regency, (2) analyze the factors supporting the success of the learning model at the School of Universe, Lebak Wangi Village, Parung District, Bogor Regency. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method. Data collection techniques carried out in this study were: interviews, observation and documentation. Data analysis in this study used interactive models of Miles and Huberman, with steps: data reduction, data model, conclusion and verification. The findings of the study showed that: (1) the learning model in the School of Universe using the spider webb learning model was done by determining the theme. Fields of study in thematic approaches included Science, Mathematics, Indonesian, Social, Green Lab, Cooking, Business, and Morals, (2) the factors supporting the success of the learning model at SD School of Universe were: qualified teachers, the methods used included: exemplary methods, natural learning methods, outbound methods, business methods, adequate facilities and infrastructure, including teacher reading resources to add insight and produce the latest innovations in the field of education, as well as parental supports. The findings of this study were recommended to be applied in conventional schools by collaborating the curriculum with school of universe typical learning model.
Peer Led Team Learning and Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Arithmetic Progression in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
This study sought to determine the influence of peer led team learning of secondary school students’ academic performance in arithmetic progression in mathematics. Two each of purpose of study, research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the investigation. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was all SS2 students in pubic secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria numbering 5768. The sample was made up of 400 SS2 students selected from two secondary schools in the Local Government Area. Data for the study were gathered using a researcher made “Mathematics Achievement Test in Arithmetic Progression” (MATAP). The reliability of the instrument was determined using split half method, which yielded a coefficient of 0.78. The findings of the study revealed that students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning method performed better than students taught using lecture method. The result also indicated that male and female students taught arithmetic progression using peer led team learning do not differ significantly in their academic performance. It was recommended among others that teachers should use peer led team learning in the teaching of Arithmetic Progression.
Spiritual Maturity: Interrogating the Spiritual Transformation in Selected Redeemed Gospel Churches in Machakos County (Published)
The purpose of the study was to assess the spiritual maturity among the members of Redeemed Gospel Church in Kangundo District. The study adopted descriptive survey design which used the cross-sectional approach to data collection. The study sampled 945 participants selected using systematic random sampling and questionnaires were consequently distributed to all participants. Overall, 538 questionnaires were returned and analyzed using SSPS. t– tests were performed for independent variables. The study findings revealed that the respondents were spiritually mature (average of 60.8%) for all the subscales of the Spiritual Assessment Inventory (SAI) as indicated by Awareness of God Scale (62.5%), Impression Management Scale (47.1%), Grandiosity Scale (59.7%), Instability Scale (58.6%), Disappointment with God Scale (67.4%) and Realistic Acceptance Scale (69.3%). The respondents got low scores in most of the items in all the subscales which was an indication of spiritual maturity, an evidence of spiritual transformation. The study recommended that the church should therefore emphasize in its teaching ministry as education was found to be core in spiritual transformation, hence spiritual maturity.
Gender Metamorphoses in the Use of ICT Tools: A Case Study at Offinso College of Education (Published)
The role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education cannot be overemphasized, hence teachers as agents of education are expected to acquire the essential skills to help train the 21st century child to survive in the current competitive and technologically driven world. The study aimed at the impact of ICT on Male and Female student-teachers in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The Mixed research design which takes into consideration the various factors that influence ICT access and usage in Colleges of Education was used. It outlines the various factors that militate against successful integration of ICT tools in teaching and learning. The extent to which student-teachers are embracing technology in their learning have been analysed. The study used questionnaire and participatory observation of classroom activities to collect data from hundred and forty (140) Student-teachers at Offinso College of Education. The findings show no significant difference in access and usage of ICT tools among male and female student-teachers. The study revealed lack of technical support and maintenance as a significant impediment to the development of ICT in the College of education. However, there was no significant difference in access and use of ICT tool since student-teachers share similar backgrounds.
Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation among Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated Mathematics teachers’ leadership styles and learning motivation as perceived by secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. The study utilized descriptive research design. Three research questions were asked to guide the study. Sample size was five hundred and ninety nine (599) SSII students randomly selected from 49 public secondary schools through stratified random sampling technique. Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation Questionnaires (MTLSMQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.74 were used to gather data for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression statistical technique. Result showed that there is significant positive relationship between teachers’ leadership styles and students learning motivation. Based on the findings, ,it was recommended among others that training programme on leadership and general attitude to work should be organized for mathematics teachers in particular and teachers in general. This will help them to realize that they are leaders in the classroom.
The thresholds are the distinctive delimitation of concepts. It is applicable wherever and whenever a concept is defined. Phenomena, event, experiences, existence, and stimuli are subject to threshold laws. In this work the Threshold is classified into discrete, continuous, anecdotal, circumstantial, circumstantial, cooperate, transitional, or absolute forms. It has different categories and one of such is the Cognitive threshold which is the span or range within which any cognitive function can take place. The cognitive threshold can be affected by physical, biological, psychological, sociological, environmental factors. It is dynamic, is made up of factors and exists within range. It can be applied in Testing Diagnosis and in Learning.
Teaching and Learning Creativity in Fashion. A Case Study of the Fashion Department of Takoradi Technical University (Published)
Ghanaian fashion products are generally described as “unattractive’ or “unimaginative” due mainly to poor creative designs. As a result, many Ghanaian fashion designers who are largely tertiary education graduates have been unable to compete favourably in both the local and international fashion markets. With increasing complaints about the lack of creativity in Ghanaian clothing designs, it became imperative to research into the reasons for the poor creative skills of the fashion design graduates of the Technical Universities. Several factors could account for the poor creative skills of the fashion graduates; one critical factor being the method of teaching and learning creative design skills. The main thrust of this research is to examine the professionalism of the lecturers, the attitude of students to learning and the effectiveness of the teaching and learning methods and models used in the Technical University to promote student learning and development. The study briefly outlined existing theoretical frameworks on teaching and learning in colleges and their application to achieve effective student learning and acquisition of creative skills. The study employed the descriptive survey method; using Questionnaires, structured Interview and Observation instruments to gather primary data from professional fashion designers, lecturers and students on how to enhance the teaching and learning of creative fashion design. This research confirmed the use of the traditional methods (lectures and textbooks) of teaching and learning at the Takoradi Technical University which according to existing research findings did not support the effective development and training of students to become life-long learners or critical thinkers. The study therefore recommended the use of more of the evidenced- based models like critical thinking and problem solving skills in the teaching and learning of creativity than the much fancied traditional methods of lecture, Hand-outs and textbook. The research concluded by encouraging lecturers to use alternative instructional models in teaching creativity and urging students to acquire innovative and critical thinking skills to become successful fashion designers.
Pronunciation Encumbrances for Omani EFL Students at the English Language Centre of the Salalah College of Technology: A Pre Observational Study (Published)
The study investigated the pronunciation encumbrances encountered by different linguistic groups of Omani students in the English Language Center at Salalah College of Technology. The study employed teachers’ observations and inferences as a research method to delve deeper in the nature and causes of the students’ pronunciation difficulties. Teachers’ inferences and narratives constitute the sum total of the students’ pronunciation problems in English as well as their recalled experiences over the span of teaching in the center.
This paper invites the readers to rethink the relationship between online dispute resolution (ODR) and traditional dispute resolution mechanisms: alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and courts. To date, ODR has been viewed as a niche area, appropriate where traditional avenues are unavailable or inefficient. This paper explores the potential role of ODR even where traditional avenues for dispute resolution exist. In particular, the paper highlights the qualitative contribution ODR can have. Even where ODR is not employed as a means for resolving conflict, it can inspire change in the design of traditional means for dispute resolution. These traditional avenues have suffered from an accountability deficit and have tended to adopt rigid molds that resist learning and improvement. ODR, in particular due to its automatic recording of rich data on resolution communications in digital format, has the potential for enhancing both accountability and learning. The paper explores these qualities and suggests some of the ways in which traditional dispute resolution mechanisms could amend old habits and ingrained practices to strengthen their accountability and drive learning in the spirit of ODR.
Teachers Attitude towards Improvisation, Its Effects on the Study of Science at the Junior High Schools in Aowin Municipality-Ghana (Published)
Teaching science requires science teachers to provide enough materials to enable students to learn by using all their senses. Therefore, where the schools are isolated or inaccessible, materials can be improvised to enhance science teaching and learning. This paper seeks to investigate the attitudes of teachers towards improvisation and its effects on the study of science and to suggest recommendations for school administrators. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire. Data for the study were obtained by administering 120 questionnaires to 120 teachers. Ten public Junior High Schools were selected. 12 teachers were sampled randomly from each Junior School making a total of 120. 120 questionnaires were fully answered and returned. The data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. .
Users’ Perception on the Use of Facebook as A Medium of Learning English as A Second Language with Specific Reference to Writing Skills (Published)
This is a descriptive survey that sampled the opinion of 60 regular users of facebook among students of a Federal government College in Lagos, Nigeria. The purpose was to determine the effect of facebook on learners of English; the official language of Federal Republic of Nigeria. Facebook as a social media provides a template for learners to discuss, interact, write, speak and exchange messages. The study focused the possible effect of staying long on facebook and the students’ consequent writing interest and fluency. Facebook messages (120 in all) were downloaded and analysed on the basis of language features. The students’ sheets totaling sixty — written in an examination condition were considered. These sheets were content-analysed to determine to what extent “social speak” as observed in their Facebook messages also occurred in the students’ answer sheets.The findings show that there is a gross influence of the emerging social media media language on students writing skills. Recommendations were made on how to control students’ exposure to siciual media and the damaging effects such may have on their language learning.
Freedom in Life and Its Necessity of Education (Published)
Freedom to carry out the decisions of an individual or community to do his will. If a man can take all the decisions, actions and organizational does not his limit he has absolute freedom. But because the people living in the community cannot have absolute freedom. Absolute freedom of the individual to society, leads to the violation of other people’s freedom. Every community has a special rule. As a result rules define the liberties of people in the world. And the Freedom to teach peoples that people according to this rate, to organize your life.
Learning Environment Analysis (Published)
The purpose of this research paper is to find out how a learning environment of higher educational institutes constitute a powerful learning environment. There exists a gap in the literature regarding powerful learning environment, hence, this paper aims to fill that gap. Some of the learning issues have been identified that exist in higher education system which are being affected by learning environments. Also, how higher education institutes are achieving its goals of social transformation have been discussed in detail. Furthermore, it aims to find out how organisations are involving learners in constructivist and collaborative ways to create a strong and powerful learning environment. This research paper proposes suggestions to improve the quality of the learning environment in higher educational institutes. There has also been a reflection on higher education scholarship of research and teaching.
Plan Implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations: Management Implications for Diagnostic Supervision of Secondary Schools in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)
Instructional leadership may affect much innovation only if plan implementation can be properly monitored for improved educational outcomes and expectations. Therefore, this study explored plan implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations (TLOs) and its implications for diagnostic supervision of secondary schools in Calabar, Nigeria. The justification of this study was to determine the power of prediction of instructional plan design and plan monitoring on qualitative teacher education programme for professionalism. A descriptive survey design study was adopted with two research hypotheses to guide the investigation. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 200 teachers out of 590 teachers. Data was collected using researcher designed questionnaire. Percentages, population t-test and multiple regression analysis were applied to statistically analyze data collected. Results obtained revealed that instructional plan implementation could determine the magnitude of teaching-learning observations in the secondary schools studied. It was concluded that proper plan design and plan monitoring were critical conditions which could guarantee better educational outcomes and professionalism. It was recommended that participatory effort should be encouraged among teachers to maintain critical path of quality instructional service delivery for the achievement of diagnostic supervision.