Evaluation on the Implementation of Continuous Professional Development Program: The Case of EFL Teachers (Published)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of Continuous Professional Development program the case of EFL teachers. The study investigated the attitude of teachers towards CPD program, the role of CPD in terms of delivering new knowledge and experience, the leadership support in promoting CPD and the major impediments for the implementation of CPD. The subjects of the study were 18 EFL teachers from selected Secondary schools. In addition, high schools directors and supervisors were also involved in the study. The data was collected through four tools: reflective writing, focus group discussion, interview and document analysis. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and case study method was employed. The findings of the study revealed that there is a great difference between the teachers’ beliefs and actual experiences in the practice of CPD. The study suggested that lots of challenges impede the proper implementation of CPD. Among them are heavy work load, lack of appropriate training facilities to practice CPD, shortage of financial and expert support, poor management of the program and poor initiatives to implement knowledge and awareness gained in the CPD program. Hence, it is recommended that to enhance the practice of CPD activity, teachers should get plenty of training opportunities to experience their professional activity. Moreover, financial and expert support should be given due attention to improve the current status of CPD.
Perceptions, Challenges and Coping Strategies of Women in Political Leadership Positions (Published)
This study examined the experiences of females in political leadership positions in the Sunyani West District. Qualitative approach was adopted with a case study design to explore the experiences of the women leaders. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select 14 participants comprising eight (8) political party executives, four (4) Assembly women and two (2) women who were parliamentary candidates. The data were collected using interview and analysed through thematic procedure. The findings indicated that females in political leadership positions perceive leadership in three different ways as task-oriented, goal-oriented and people-oriented. Whatever way they perceived political leadership; they faced several challenges related to their personal lives, family and community. However, the main challenge facing females in political leadership positions in Sunyani West District is misconceptions about their capabilities as females. Females in political leadership positions cope with their challenges through self-motivation, creation of cordial relationship with male chauvinists and concentration on their potentials. The study recommended that female political leaders should focus on their output and achievements to show their capabilities in contributing meaningfully to society. There is an urgent need for opinion leaders such as chiefs, queen mothers, district chief executives and the public in general to discourage the unfair, unjust and unequal treatment sometimes meted out to women who occupy political leadership positions.
Line Managers’ Opinion on the Outcome of Management Development Programs of Ready-Made Garments Industries in Bangladesh (Published)
Management Development Program (MDP) is an effective educational intervention to facilitate learning opportunities for the management employees aiming to ensure continued organizational development. This study endeavored to assess the intended outcome of MDP conducted at Ready-made Garments (RMG) industries located inside the export processing zone of Chattogram, Bangladesh. The opinions of 56 senior line managers of five reputed RMGs were collected through a questionnaire survey. The findings of the study were shared with a six-member expert panel for validation of the responses. Results of the first study projects the absolute success of MDP in the area of organizational development. However, the RMG industries should make improvement in the area of management skill development particularly developing leadership skills. Management development is still a less utilized concept in most of the RMGs of Bangladesh. The results of this study may encourage the application of MDP that could be beneficial in overall organizational performance improvement.
Communal participation has been a collective and progressive impetus for societal development since medieval era while popular representation is one of the indispensable pillars of good governance in modern times. The study examined the impact of communal participation on good governance in Bomadi and Patani local government areas of Delta State, Nigeria. The study investigated the practise of communal participation in the communities and wards, the extent of participation in local government affairs and the leadership style that encourages participation or representation of community members in the local government councils. Data were generated from both primary and secondary sources. Samples of 200 respondents were interviewed through the administration of questionnaire designed according to 5-point Likert scale of strongly agreed (SA) to strongly disagree (SDA). Demographic data were collected and analysed by tables of frequency and percentage. The measures of central tendency such as the mean and standard deviation were employed to analyse the three objectives adopting mean of 2.50 as agree (A) or acceptable criterion at (0.05) level of significance. Findings revealed that there was appreciable level of communal participation and representation in the two local government areas. The study recommended that, a more pragmatic involvement of community leaders in decision making, projects initiation, planning and execution be adequately demonstrated. This should be carried out through regular town hall meetings with community leaders and mass media sensitization to enhance good governance at the grassroots level.
Colleague’s Perceptions of Female Managers of National Vocation Trainiing Institutions (NVTIS): A Case Study in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)
The study investigated the perception of instructors of National Vocational Training Institutes (NVTIs) about female managers and stereotypical beliefs and perceptions that affect women participation in leadership in NVTIs in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The population of the study comprises the instructors of ST. Mary Vocational Training Institute Asamankese, Abetefi Vocational Training Institute and Anum Presbyterian Vocational Training Institute in 2016/2017 academic year.This research employed quantitative research approach in the data collection and analyses of responses. Data collected from the survey were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies and mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that NVTIs’ instructors held the views that female heads do not accept other people views, female heads are less corrupt and are weak in decisions making. They also lack self-confidence in leadership and are not courageous. The study also revealed that stereotypical beliefs and perception affects women participation in leadership roles in NVTIs institutions in the Eastern Region. Recommendations were made based on the findings of the study.
The effect of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in the Jordanian government schools from the teacher’s point of view (Published)
The current study aimed to identify the impact of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in Jordanian government schools from the teachers point of view, and to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive survey approach, in terms of applying the study tool, which was represented in a questionnaire consisting of (20) paragraphs, On the sample, which amounted to (356) male and female teachers from government schools in the Jerash Education Directorate, the study reached a number of results, the most important of which were: The degree of Jordanian government school principals’ possession of strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view is medium, and that there are statistically significant differences to the degree of The directors of Jordanian government schools have strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view due to the variable of gender and experience, and there is a statistically significant effect of strategic leadership skills on knowledge sharing from the teachers’ point of view. The study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which was: The administrator’s awareness about the importance of adopting a strategic management method to stimulate knowledge sharing between them and the teachers.
The ambidextrous leadership and its impact on organizational performance in the Jordanian government schools from the viewpoint of teachers (Published)
The current study aimed at identifying the skillful leadership behaviors and measuring their impact on organizational performance in Jordanian government schools from the teachers point of view, and to achieve the goals of the study the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach, in terms of applying the study tool, which was represented in a questionnaire consisting of (30) paragraphs, On the sample, which amounted to (356) male and female teachers from government schools in the Directorate of Jerash Education, the study reached a number of results, the most important of which were: The degree of availability of ingenious leadership behaviors among administrative leaders in Jordanian educational institutions is high, and the degree of organizational performance indicators in educational institutions Jordanian women are also high, and there is a statistically significant effect of adept leadership behavior in Jordanian educational institutions on organizational performance from the point of view of male and female teachers in Jordanian government schools, and the study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which were: the need to educate administrators in various fields The Kingdom’s governorates by adopting an ingenious leadership style in management, as it has positive benefits for the education process in Jordan.
A single school case study exploring teachers’ perceptions of the impact of leadership on teacher retention at a British International School in Saudi Arabia (Published)
This study sought to investigate teachers’ perceptions of leadership that impacted on teacher retention at a British International School in Saudi Arabia. The insider researcher conducted surveys and interviews adopting an ethnographic paradigm in a subjectivist ontological position with an interpretivist perspective on epistemology. This study highlighted ten teachers’ perceived teacher retention focused leadership activities. This may inform and be used as evidence to prioritise teacher retention focused leadership activities over others. All teachers in this study attributed their professional relationships with the senior leadership team to their retention.
In recent times, ardent watchers and analysts of the Nigerian project have suggested that the country has endemic leadership issues with genetic foundations deeply rooted in Her DNA. Although this assertion has been sharply contested, the apparent malady in the current behaviours of persons in key leadership positions in the country seems to have assumed worrisome dimensions .The observed leadership behaviours have taken an impoverishing toll on the efforts at National Development. Thus, this work, in the bid to evolve persons with development –centric leadership behaviours, took an organic approach to attempt to resolve the underlying leadership malaise. This was done using metaphoric symbolisms and biological analogies to have an introspective view of aspects of molecular ecology. This dimension was adopted in order to explain how leadership behaviour mutation could counteract the prevailing leadership trend and provide actionable thoughts for the ultimate attainment of sustainable National Development.
How Could Leadership Contribute to the Transformation of a School Unit into a Learning Organization (Published)
This study attempts to explore primary school teachers’ perceptions regarding the contribution of leadership to the transformation of schools into learning organizations. The results show that leadership can play a significant key role in the transformation of schools and there is a positive correlation between school leadership practices and its functioning as a learning organization.
Studying the Effect of Leadership Styles on the Business Performance of SMES in South-Eastern Region (Published)
This study aims to explore the effect of leadership styles on the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region. The research result is a science evident for managers to improve the business performance. The researcher surveyed 250 managers of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and answered 12 questions but 212 samples processed. The primary sources of data collected from July 2017 to November 2018 in South-Eastern region. Simple random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), which used for multiple linear regression and using partial least squares method. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. In addition, the findings of the study have two factors affecting the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region with significance level 0.05.
Recently, there have been concerns about the attitude of some secretaries or administrative assistants in various organisations across Ghana and this has been blamed on several factors. This study subjects the types of leadership styles to productivity of secretaries or administrative assistants in the public sector in Ghana. The study adopted quantitative approach and survey as a research design. This enabled the researchers to take primary data from large number of respondents. It was found out that Leadership is not attached to a particular style but uses a style that may fit the situation or circumstance they face. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are aware of the competences needed to perform their role. However, these competences are not in use or exhibited by this category of employees. Autocratic leadership style does not necessary lead to high turnover and absenteeism, low productivity and distortion of communication.
Influence of Leadership as Strategy Implementation Practice on Performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County, Kenya (Published)
Organizations across the world have recognized the importance of strategy formulation in improving service delivery. Good practices in strategy formulation and implementation are among the key pillars of competitive advantage and organizational sustainability. Studies indicate that most managers rightly make effort to formulate strategies, but little investment is made to implement those strategies properly. Therefore, the study explored the effects of strategy implementation practices on performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County (Kenya). Based on the study, this paper presents and discusses the research findings on leadership as one of the strategy implementation practices on organizational performance. The researcher anchored the study on cross sectional survey research design which emphasized on collection of data at a particular point in time rather than over a period of time. The target population of the study was one hundred and thirty two (132) top and middle-level management staff of Postal Corporation drawn from Kakamega, Lugari, Khwisero and Khayega branches. Stratified sampling method was used to sample ninety-nine (99) respondents. Structured questionnaires were then used to collect the data from the sampled managers to which only seventy-six (76) responded. The received questionnaires were sorted, classified; data was then coded and analysed by descriptive statistics (percentages, mean and standard deviation). Inferential analysis was done by multi regression analysis where the result of R square was 0.476 indicating that 47.6% of the performance could be predicted from the study variables. The study found that leadership significantly affected the performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County as indicated by a p value of 0.043, which was within p<0.05 level of significance. In light of the findings, the researchers recommended that a related study be conducted in a wider spectrum of both public and private institutions to determine the consistency of the results.
The Effect of Transformational Leadership to Improve Motivation Implications on Performance of Employees Using Modified Information Technology (Published)
Banking or financing activity that complies with sharia (Islamic law) and its practical application through the development of Islamic economics. Some of the modes of Islamic banking/finance include mudarabah, wadiah, musharaka (joint venture), murabahah (cost plus), and Ijara (leasing). Sharia prohibits riba, or usury, defined as interest paid on all loans of money (although some Muslims dispute whether there is a consensus that interest is equivalent to riba). Investment in businesses that provide goods or services considered contrary to Islamic principles (e.g. pork or alcohol) is also haraam. The main issue in Indonesia is that profit-oriented organizations, whether privately owned enterprises, central government or local government, have not been fully led by leaders with leadership qualities, whereas business organizations are the spearhead of every country in the globalization competition.
Good Leadership, Planning and Decision-Making Is A Panacea to Improved Productivity of Workers (Published)
The study ascertains that good leadership, planning and decision making is a panacea to improved productivity of workers. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Using a simple random sampling techniques, 100 workers were selected to form the sample size of the study. Data gathered through questionnaires was analyzed using mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that organizations that have good leadership, planning and decision-making processes, make available the right tools for work performance, record and acknowledged the improved productivity of workers. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made: Having discussed the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made. Organizations and other employers of labour who have not created enabling working environment should create one in other to enhance productivity. The job situation must be good/clearly communicated and merits must be fairly compensated. Employers should develop a family kind of relationship within and among their workers so that they can get the best out of the workers. Provide proper motivation that would leads to better working habits and increased productivity. In conclusion, organizations that set relevant goals and objectives should communicate same to the workers in clear terms, and provide modern technologies for job performance to achieve maximum productivity.
Relationship between Leadership in International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) and Performance of Private University Campuses in Eldoret, Kenya (Published)
University education plays a major role in the development of any country’s economy. The performance of universities is thus greatly dependent on the quality of education and related services provided therein. However, the extent to which International Organization for Standardization (ISO) certification enhances performance of universities still remains debatable, given the problems faced by these universities. This paper assesses leadership in universities as a component of ISO certification in relation to organisational performance. The authors look at perspectives from selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Objectively, the study sought to determine the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Guided by Juran’s Theory of Quality, a correlational research design was adopted to compare the two variables. The target population comprised 1752 students and teaching staff. Nassiuma’s formula was used to obtain a sample size of 199 on which simple random sampling technique was applied. Collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used to show the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. The study found that there was a significant relationship between leadership and organizational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. In conclusion, leadership enhances organisational performance. This paper recommends that universities should not only get ISO certified but remain faithful to the requirements and standards especially the aspect of leadership to ensure organisational performance.
The triumph of the democratic order in Africa will depend to a large extent on the capacity of stakeholders to tackle the ravages of corruption. Across the continent, the quest for economic and political development had been hampered by corruption on the part of the leaders and followers, thus making the democratic enterprise appear as condemned to being subverted, as it turns out, from within. The scourge appears intractable due to its prevalence, thus, encumbering most States in the continent. For decades, Nigeria’s has been performing below average in the transparency international index of corruption. At some point, Nigeria was oscillating between the first and second most corrupt nation in the world. This unenviable status continues to assert negatively on the State and the growth of democracy despite the several strategies put in place by past and previous regimes to combat the scourge. This paper therefore considers the hindrances of corruption to the development of the democratic order and explores the imperative of good governance in remedying the malaise.
The Influence of School Leadership on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Performance in Private Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan (Published)
Educational institutions have a significant impact on the future of a nation thus the school leadership are inevitably charged with the role of motivating and supporting teachers to enthusiastically work towards the realization of school objectives (educational objectives). This paper examines the influence of school leadership on teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. The study employed a survey design that was performed in private schools in Yei town, South Sudan. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Ten private schools were selected in the town from which 10 head teachers were considered for the study and a random sample of 100 teachers from each of the 10 schools. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0. Regression analysis was performed to establish the relationships among the variables. Leadership was found to influence teachers’ job satisfaction and performance in their respective private primary schools.
Leadership Conflicts among Students on Nigerian University Campuses: The Experience of the University of Calabar, Calabar- Nigeria. (Published)
This study examined the factors that give rise to conflicts among students in their pursuit of leadership on the campus of the University of Calabar (UNICAL). Descriptive survey design was used and through stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques, a sample size of 250 was derived. Two research questions were raised and a questionnaire tagged, Student Leadership Conflict Scale (SLCS) formed the data collection instrument. Accruing data was analysed using frequencies and percentages. Results indicated (i) high level of conflict among students arising from their pursuit of leadership (ii) financial rewards and other benefits attached to leadership positions as the main motivators of the conflicts experienced. To this end, it was recommended that allowances and other benefits of student leaders be reduced drastically to make it less lucrative and attractive to the greedy grabbing ones among the students.
This study tried to observe the ideal leadership model for co-operatives. By positing two folds of questions (1) how leadership had been developed in the organization and (2) what should be the ideal model. In order to provide clear evidence to the first problem, the study uses cross case analysis from six selected Credit Unions in Indonesia. Having considered the characteristic of each unit, the study developed two categories: complex organization and simple organization. The common model found in the two categories in which leadership must be seen as mechanistic process which encompasses from individual to community leadership. Therefore the study posed the needs for community collective leadership model by proposing a firmly framework. After identifying several dimensions from the model, the study used Dematel method to identify the most considerable dimension. Finally, the study appointed visionary, communicative and popular leader as dimensions to the model, thus preparing future research agenda.