In recent times, ardent watchers and analysts of the Nigerian project have suggested that the country has endemic leadership issues with genetic foundations deeply rooted in Her DNA. Although this assertion has been sharply contested, the apparent malady in the current behaviours of persons in key leadership positions in the country seems to have assumed worrisome dimensions .The observed leadership behaviours have taken an impoverishing toll on the efforts at National Development. Thus, this work, in the bid to evolve persons with development –centric leadership behaviours, took an organic approach to attempt to resolve the underlying leadership malaise. This was done using metaphoric symbolisms and biological analogies to have an introspective view of aspects of molecular ecology. This dimension was adopted in order to explain how leadership behaviour mutation could counteract the prevailing leadership trend and provide actionable thoughts for the ultimate attainment of sustainable National Development.
How Could Leadership Contribute to the Transformation of a School Unit into a Learning Organization (Published)
This study attempts to explore primary school teachers’ perceptions regarding the contribution of leadership to the transformation of schools into learning organizations. The results show that leadership can play a significant key role in the transformation of schools and there is a positive correlation between school leadership practices and its functioning as a learning organization.
Studying the Effect of Leadership Styles on the Business Performance of SMES in South-Eastern Region (Published)
This study aims to explore the effect of leadership styles on the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region. The research result is a science evident for managers to improve the business performance. The researcher surveyed 250 managers of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and answered 12 questions but 212 samples processed. The primary sources of data collected from July 2017 to November 2018 in South-Eastern region. Simple random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), which used for multiple linear regression and using partial least squares method. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. In addition, the findings of the study have two factors affecting the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region with significance level 0.05.
Recently, there have been concerns about the attitude of some secretaries or administrative assistants in various organisations across Ghana and this has been blamed on several factors. This study subjects the types of leadership styles to productivity of secretaries or administrative assistants in the public sector in Ghana. The study adopted quantitative approach and survey as a research design. This enabled the researchers to take primary data from large number of respondents. It was found out that Leadership is not attached to a particular style but uses a style that may fit the situation or circumstance they face. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are aware of the competences needed to perform their role. However, these competences are not in use or exhibited by this category of employees. Autocratic leadership style does not necessary lead to high turnover and absenteeism, low productivity and distortion of communication.
Influence of Leadership as Strategy Implementation Practice on Performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County, Kenya (Published)
Organizations across the world have recognized the importance of strategy formulation in improving service delivery. Good practices in strategy formulation and implementation are among the key pillars of competitive advantage and organizational sustainability. Studies indicate that most managers rightly make effort to formulate strategies, but little investment is made to implement those strategies properly. Therefore, the study explored the effects of strategy implementation practices on performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County (Kenya). Based on the study, this paper presents and discusses the research findings on leadership as one of the strategy implementation practices on organizational performance. The researcher anchored the study on cross sectional survey research design which emphasized on collection of data at a particular point in time rather than over a period of time. The target population of the study was one hundred and thirty two (132) top and middle-level management staff of Postal Corporation drawn from Kakamega, Lugari, Khwisero and Khayega branches. Stratified sampling method was used to sample ninety-nine (99) respondents. Structured questionnaires were then used to collect the data from the sampled managers to which only seventy-six (76) responded. The received questionnaires were sorted, classified; data was then coded and analysed by descriptive statistics (percentages, mean and standard deviation). Inferential analysis was done by multi regression analysis where the result of R square was 0.476 indicating that 47.6% of the performance could be predicted from the study variables. The study found that leadership significantly affected the performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County as indicated by a p value of 0.043, which was within p<0.05 level of significance. In light of the findings, the researchers recommended that a related study be conducted in a wider spectrum of both public and private institutions to determine the consistency of the results.
The Effect of Transformational Leadership to Improve Motivation Implications on Performance of Employees Using Modified Information Technology (Published)
Banking or financing activity that complies with sharia (Islamic law) and its practical application through the development of Islamic economics. Some of the modes of Islamic banking/finance include mudarabah, wadiah, musharaka (joint venture), murabahah (cost plus), and Ijara (leasing). Sharia prohibits riba, or usury, defined as interest paid on all loans of money (although some Muslims dispute whether there is a consensus that interest is equivalent to riba). Investment in businesses that provide goods or services considered contrary to Islamic principles (e.g. pork or alcohol) is also haraam. The main issue in Indonesia is that profit-oriented organizations, whether privately owned enterprises, central government or local government, have not been fully led by leaders with leadership qualities, whereas business organizations are the spearhead of every country in the globalization competition.
Good Leadership, Planning and Decision-Making Is A Panacea to Improved Productivity of Workers (Published)
The study ascertains that good leadership, planning and decision making is a panacea to improved productivity of workers. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Using a simple random sampling techniques, 100 workers were selected to form the sample size of the study. Data gathered through questionnaires was analyzed using mean scores. The findings of the study revealed that organizations that have good leadership, planning and decision-making processes, make available the right tools for work performance, record and acknowledged the improved productivity of workers. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made: Having discussed the findings of the study, the following recommendations are made. Organizations and other employers of labour who have not created enabling working environment should create one in other to enhance productivity. The job situation must be good/clearly communicated and merits must be fairly compensated. Employers should develop a family kind of relationship within and among their workers so that they can get the best out of the workers. Provide proper motivation that would leads to better working habits and increased productivity. In conclusion, organizations that set relevant goals and objectives should communicate same to the workers in clear terms, and provide modern technologies for job performance to achieve maximum productivity.
Relationship between Leadership in International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) and Performance of Private University Campuses in Eldoret, Kenya (Published)
University education plays a major role in the development of any country’s economy. The performance of universities is thus greatly dependent on the quality of education and related services provided therein. However, the extent to which International Organization for Standardization (ISO) certification enhances performance of universities still remains debatable, given the problems faced by these universities. This paper assesses leadership in universities as a component of ISO certification in relation to organisational performance. The authors look at perspectives from selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Objectively, the study sought to determine the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. Guided by Juran’s Theory of Quality, a correlational research design was adopted to compare the two variables. The target population comprised 1752 students and teaching staff. Nassiuma’s formula was used to obtain a sample size of 199 on which simple random sampling technique was applied. Collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used to show the relationship between leadership and organisational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. The study found that there was a significant relationship between leadership and organizational performance of selected private university campuses in Eldoret, Kenya. In conclusion, leadership enhances organisational performance. This paper recommends that universities should not only get ISO certified but remain faithful to the requirements and standards especially the aspect of leadership to ensure organisational performance.
The triumph of the democratic order in Africa will depend to a large extent on the capacity of stakeholders to tackle the ravages of corruption. Across the continent, the quest for economic and political development had been hampered by corruption on the part of the leaders and followers, thus making the democratic enterprise appear as condemned to being subverted, as it turns out, from within. The scourge appears intractable due to its prevalence, thus, encumbering most States in the continent. For decades, Nigeria’s has been performing below average in the transparency international index of corruption. At some point, Nigeria was oscillating between the first and second most corrupt nation in the world. This unenviable status continues to assert negatively on the State and the growth of democracy despite the several strategies put in place by past and previous regimes to combat the scourge. This paper therefore considers the hindrances of corruption to the development of the democratic order and explores the imperative of good governance in remedying the malaise.
The Influence of School Leadership on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Performance in Private Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan (Published)
Educational institutions have a significant impact on the future of a nation thus the school leadership are inevitably charged with the role of motivating and supporting teachers to enthusiastically work towards the realization of school objectives (educational objectives). This paper examines the influence of school leadership on teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. The study employed a survey design that was performed in private schools in Yei town, South Sudan. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Ten private schools were selected in the town from which 10 head teachers were considered for the study and a random sample of 100 teachers from each of the 10 schools. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0. Regression analysis was performed to establish the relationships among the variables. Leadership was found to influence teachers’ job satisfaction and performance in their respective private primary schools.
Leadership Conflicts among Students on Nigerian University Campuses: The Experience of the University of Calabar, Calabar- Nigeria. (Published)
This study examined the factors that give rise to conflicts among students in their pursuit of leadership on the campus of the University of Calabar (UNICAL). Descriptive survey design was used and through stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques, a sample size of 250 was derived. Two research questions were raised and a questionnaire tagged, Student Leadership Conflict Scale (SLCS) formed the data collection instrument. Accruing data was analysed using frequencies and percentages. Results indicated (i) high level of conflict among students arising from their pursuit of leadership (ii) financial rewards and other benefits attached to leadership positions as the main motivators of the conflicts experienced. To this end, it was recommended that allowances and other benefits of student leaders be reduced drastically to make it less lucrative and attractive to the greedy grabbing ones among the students.
This study tried to observe the ideal leadership model for co-operatives. By positing two folds of questions (1) how leadership had been developed in the organization and (2) what should be the ideal model. In order to provide clear evidence to the first problem, the study uses cross case analysis from six selected Credit Unions in Indonesia. Having considered the characteristic of each unit, the study developed two categories: complex organization and simple organization. The common model found in the two categories in which leadership must be seen as mechanistic process which encompasses from individual to community leadership. Therefore the study posed the needs for community collective leadership model by proposing a firmly framework. After identifying several dimensions from the model, the study used Dematel method to identify the most considerable dimension. Finally, the study appointed visionary, communicative and popular leader as dimensions to the model, thus preparing future research agenda.
This paper provides a new approach to leadership. The paper discusses the roles of leadership and its types in addition to distinguishing the Formative leadership several different models. The paper clarifies how the model of formative leadership an function in an organization, what are the characteristics of this model, moreover the paper gives an evaluation of the model based on its advantages and disadvantages.
Leadership Styles and the Politics of Institutional Management of State-owned Universities in Nigeria: Empirical Evidence from EBSU, South-eastern Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria (Published)
This study has investigated the nature of leadership styles and the politics of institutional management in State-owned Universities in Nigeria. In the study, descriptive survey design was adopted. Generated data were analysed using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) via Special Package on Social Sciences (SPSS). Analysis was based on primary data generated through a structured likert questions administered on respondents. The result of the findings shows the need for the government to grant institutional autonomy to the management of state-owned universities in Nigeria and especially in the various 6 geo-political zones in other to achieve global best practices, organisational performance and sustainable human capital development within the purview of global/ international standards thereby providing relevant manpower training and general performance of its tasks in the areas of teaching, research, capacity building and community services, that will contribute meaningfully in institutional performance and rapid national development attainment in this 21st century.
Leadership and Economic Development in a Developing Economy: A Critical Look at the Nigeria’s’ Experience (Published)
The ability of a person to effectively and efficiently harness as well as influence the material and human resources of a country is very fundamental to the development of an organisation as a sub-system and all sectors of a country as a whole. In this circumstance it will be appropriate to state unequivocally that leadership (those who occupy public positions) plays a fundamental role in making sure that the lives and welfare of the citizens is improved through the provision of basic infrastructural amenities of life. It is in line with the above assertion that this paper aims at studying the role of leadership in ensuring the development of a country while beaming our search light on a developing economy. The research paper approach adopted for the study conforms to qualitative research, as it reviews the literature relating to organisational behaviour and human resource management. After critical x-ray of related write-ups on the topic under study, we found out that some factors such as corruption, wrong value-system, greed and selfishness, patriotism, ethnicity to name but a few, hinder leaders in developing countries from raising the standard of living of the citizens. Finally the study recommended among other things that Nigeria leaders should be able to see, project and assemble a vision of a desired future for the nation. In addition, they should be selfless, sensitive, moral credent and engaging as these are the fundamental perquisite for mobilising followership, particularly in a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural society like Nigeria.
The leadership style scale developed by Simon Oates (2011) was adopted and 84 usable response obtained. The predictor variable was Leadership Style [Democratic, Autocratic and laissez faire] and the criterion variable was firm’s performance. Crobach alpha > 0.9 using one way Anova etc. It was found that managers with democratic inclinations account for more variance in performance than autocratic and laissez faire. The implication of this and the result obtained are discussed in terms of national and individual interest and possible desirable changes.
This article examines the nature of Satan through the various names that he is called. It also looks at the role religious leaders in Nigeria play in propagating wrong ideologies about Satan. The methodology adopted consists of the theological approach to some Biblical passages, using Reader Response hermeneutical principles to examine the different names of Satan. The result shows that Satan is more than an excuse for people to do wrong and Church leaders in Nigeria need to teach a more holistic message on who Satan is.
The study examined principals’ performance of internal supervision of instructions in public secondary schools in Ebonyi State. Principals’ internal supervision was delimited to classroom supervision of instruction, monitoring students’ achievement, instructional materials and staff development. Two research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. A sample of 605 out of 1640 teachers was drawn using stratified proportionate sampling techniques across urban and rural teachers. A questionnaire titled ‘principals’ performance of supervision of instruction questionnaire’ was used as the instrument. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores, standard deviation and t-test statistics to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha levels. The findings showed a significant positive difference between urban and rural teachers on principals’ performance of supervisory functions. The study recommended regular internal supervision of instruction since it encourages wider coverage of the curriculum and reduces incidences of examination malpractices by students
The study investigated the relationship between teachers’ personality traits and their desired leadership styles in the Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana. The descriptive survey design was used for the study with a total of 417 employees randomly selected from five secondary schools in the metropolis. Results indicate that all the five personality traits had significant positive relationship with transformational leadership style, with conscientiousness having the strongest relationship and neuroticism the weakest. Thus conscientious teachers have higher preference for transformational leadership than employees of the other personality traits. Neuroticism had the strongest positive relationship with transactional leadership style among the other traits. Agreeableness and openness also had significant (weak) positive relationship with transactional leadership style. Conscientiousness however did not have significant relationship, with extraversion relating negatively with transactional leadership style. It was recommended that school managers should endeavour to know the traits of their subordinates and apply the appropriate leadership styles when dealing with them to bring about good interpersonal relationship and satisfaction at the workplace.
Leadership Profile and School Improvement (Published)
Several research studies indicated that school leadership plays an important role in the improvement process of schools. However, the nature of this relationship is not clear and has been a blind spot in the corresponding literature (Harris, 2005). As such, the aim of this multiple case study is to shed light on the relationship between school improvement and school leadership. Eight Lebanese private schools principals constituted the participants of this study. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from various sources. Qualitative data was analyzed using the procedures of the grounded theory. Quantitative data was collected to provide better interpretation of the collected qualitative data. A leadership profile for school improvement was suggested as a result of this study. A set of leadership attributes seems to be necessary for school improvement efforts to succeed. In particular, school leaders must be knowledgeable, systems thinkers, and data-driven, with a vision guided by student-centered values.