Management Training and Development: A Leadership Strategy to Performance Management and Job Satisfaction in Kenyan Universities (Published)
Kenya’s university lecturers are generally highly educated. Their capacity to carry out their mandate effectively and their recognition as essential assets to society and world – class institutions depend on their training, experience, commitment and quality of their productivity (Republic of Kenya, 2007). Specific mechanisms ought to be put in place to address the lecturers’ wellbeing, to ensure their motivation, retention and productivity. The author of this paper opines that university management is tasked with the responsibility of facilitating their staff training and development in order to bridge any existing gaps or shortcomings and sharpen their skills. The rationale for training in the work context being to better hone the abilities or skills of the individual and satisfy the short and long term manpower requirements of the organisation. This paper thus focuses on management training and development as a strategic tool to performance management and job satisfaction among Kenyan universities. The study employed convergent parallel mixed methods design with census, random and systematic sampling techniques to select the respondents. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. A target population of 2,773 members of university management and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities with their main campuses in Rift Valley Region of Kenya was considered from which a sample of 605 participants was obtained. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis guides were used for data collection. Qualitative data was thematically analysed while quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients, with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. The study found that training and development exhibited the strong association with lecturers’ job satisfaction and performance management in the selected Kenyan Universities. For attainment of higher levels of job satisfaction and performance, the study recommended enhancement of training and development programmes in the Universities.
Competitive Strategies on Firm Growth. A Survey of Medium Enterprises in the Manufacturing Sector in Kigali City (Published)
This study entitled “An evaluation of the effect of competitive strategies on firm growth. A survey of medium enterprises in the manufacturing sector in Kigali city” aimed at evaluating competitive strategies within Medium companies and their effect on firm growth. The objectives of the study were to: evaluate the effect of cost leadership strategy practices on Medium companies’ growth, assess the influence of differentiated strategy on firm growth, examine the impact of innovative strategies on the firm growth and establish the relationship between customer service practices and growth of the Medium companies. The study used descriptive survey through correlation design and sampled 57 medium manufacturing companies located in Kigali City province by distributing questionnaires to either their owner or a manger. The data collected was analysed mainly through multiple regression and presented tables and charts. The relationships under investigation were regressed and the Pearson correlation coefficients calculated. The findings showed that Cost leadership affected growth at 62.3%, differentiation at 62.6% and innovation at 33.4%. However the effect of customer service on growth was very weak and not significant. It was recommended that more emphasis be put on improving these strategies by creatively combining them for better results. There is also need to strengthen customer care practices so as to reap from its strength. Suggestions for further studies were forwarded by the author.