Sovereignty of a State accentuates the autonomy of a State. It further demands and indeed dictates that a State shall be free from external interference. Unfortunately, Africans leaders have become the object of prosecutorial caricature. This is because of the consistent trial of African leaders in international courts usually situated outside Africa. Often times, this awry practice is justified by the fact that principle of universal jurisdiction permits it. However, it is glaring that several charters and treaties on human rights permit self-determination. Specifically, article 20 of the African charter stipulates that: “All peoples shall have the unquestionable and inalienable right to self-determination. They shall freely determine their political status and shall pursue their economic and social development according to the policy they have freely chosen”. The said article 20 contains a gamut of factors that must be weaved in to access the self-determination status of a State. Irrespective of existing right to self-determination, over thirty two African leaders have either been indicted or are standing trial in these international courts in derogation of the right to self-determination of the African states. Therefore, this work sets out to argue that it is a violation of the right to self-determination to try African leaders outside Africa. It ought to be trial of African leaders in Africa. Nothing less is acceptable in law.
The urge for the development of the African continent immediately after independence pushed the immediate post-colonial African leaders into experimenting different kinds of developmental systems. Some of these leaders copied the Western systems in operation at that time whereas some others adapted and adopted them. The successors of these post-colonial leaders also followed this trend. All these efforts could not bring the desired development as a result of one basic factor – dependence index. It is an existential fact that no country or continent ever developed by majorly depending on others. The key to development is real ‘ independence’. Equally true is that no country/continent ever developed without the production of materials and goods. Being a consumer nation or continent is to invariably jettison development. This paper calls for ‘ inward looking’ in the developmental efforts of the African continent and minimally look outward.
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have become commonplace entities in all aspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavour within business and governance. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Many important changes have occurred in the last few years in the education systems, which will require teachers and school leaders to upgrade and refine their technology skills. Some of these changes are due to changes in government policies related to the use of information communication and technology (ICT) in schools while others are due to developments in state of the art pedagogical practices .As technology flows faster into the schools, many school leaders are facing a range of difficult management issues. This article discusses the potential use of ICT in schools and also issues related to ICT integration. In managing the use of ICT in schools some strategies are suggested and discussed for the school leaders to adhere to.