This study investigates the determinants of macroeconomic variables that affect agricultural production in Nigeria. Time – series data, covering the period of 1986 -2016, United States reports, were used. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression technique was fitted to the data. Result showed that corn output has a positive relationship with agricultural output. Millet, rice and palm oil also have positive relationships with total agricultural output. The individual test revealed that corn has no significant impact on agricultural output while millet has a significant impact on agricultural output within the period under study. Thus, this study recommends that there is need to improve on the agricultural practice level of farmers in Nigeria through extension education, so as to achieve food security and conserve the resource base. This should be the intensified and geared towards making farmers to become more aware and understand the consequences of use of more external inputs on their resource base, and the inherent benefits associated with the use of more internal inputs in food production. Improve agricultural production, processing and trade through increased access to resources such as land, technology (improved inputs) credit, and training.
The creative indices of Ibibio indigenous governmental system has not been the subject of serious social historical scholarship. Indigenous governmental system in Ibibioland has been subjected to various generalisation, misrepresentation, misinterpretation and distortion, especially from a Eurocentric (outside-in) filter. Under such filter and bias, Ibibio indigenous governance has often been viewed as lacking creativity. Various aspects of exceptional governance in Ibibioland have been considered as extic. While an Afrocentric (inside-out) filter accepts that organised political and governmental structures prevailed in Ibibioland, prior to the arrival of the Europeans, the study of indigenous creativity in governance and administration has not been given adequate attention. The use of Ekpo Anyokho, Ekpe, Ekpo Ekoong, Abon, Ekang and Akata represented creative elements employed for local governance, law, order, and social justice, across a wide representation of levels and institutions of government in Ibibioland. With the imposition of colonial rule in Ibibioland from 1885 onward, the Europeans retained aspects of such indices of governance consequent upon its effectiveness, efficiency and reliability. The paper argues that the indigenous creative indices of governance were reflected in the reliance of colonial agents on some machinery of indigenous governance. Consequently, change and continuity defined the indigenous governmental space in Ibibioland. The paper submits that while the changes were externally driven and almost unavoidable, aspects of continuity explain the creativity that percolated such indigenous governmental elements.
Design models for the Integration of Roadway transportation systems into the city’s planning (Published)
During the phase of preparation of new masterplan, urban planners have no scientific tool/criteria to calculate and to find the optimum value of road network area. The aim of this paper is to identify a calculation basis (design models), to be used during the design of new masterplans, and during the assessment of the road network in any city/town based on transportation demands (trip generation in the area).A new vision in urban planning can be represented by indicating the volume over capacity ratio (V/C), for each section of the roadway network in each LandUse, by identifying the mathematical proportionality of road surfaces, relatively to LandUse areas and population, relating these 3 factors based on the V/C ratio required, depending on trip generation rates and landUse types.These models can be identified by establishing mathematical models analogously related to the “Distribution of neurons in Mammalian Neocortex”.
This paper examined the implications of land tenure system on farm layout and management practices in a rural economy. In addition to the synthesis of the existing literature, key informant interview (KII), Focus Group Discussions (FGD), personal observations and questionnaire administrationwere used in data collection.Simple statistical tools wereused to analyze theland tenure features, farm layout and farm management practices. The results revealed that 58% of farmers have use rightto land, 25% have right to trade offtheir land, 17% use family land and 50% have right to lease their land. Sun shade and storage barn were observed farm facilities with foot part used for layout. About 70% practice mixed cropping while 30% practice mono-cropping with no significant long term investment on farming due to existing tenure system. The paper recommends a review of the existing land tenure to accommodate land right to encourage long term investment to ensure sustainable agriculture.
Effects of the Land Use Act of 1978 on Rural Land Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Nnobi. (Published)
This study is concerned with the effects of Land Use Act on rural land development in Nigeria with reference to Nnobi as a rural area. Obviously, the law was enacted barley 30 years ago but seems to be a recent innovation to many Nigerians especially in rural areas. The Act conflicts so much with the traditional land proprietary structure in the Southern Nigeria in particular which was predominantly owned by communities. It introduced more controversies and fear from most Nigeria than any previous Act. The importance to the profession of Estate Management of such a radical piece of legislation as the Land Use Act cannot be over emphasized. It is true that laws are for the judiciary to make and interpret, but laws and policies affecting land are also matters in which profession Estate surveyors and valuers as experts on land matters ought to take the front row in offering the benefit of his expertise. Questionnaire and interview methods were mainly used. The purposive sampling technique was used and One hundred twenty (120) respondents. Personal observation was also used to complement the information gathered. The result shows that people especially those living in rural areas are mostly not aware of the Act let alone its provisions on rural land as an avenue for rural land development. This wide ignorant of the Act, by the people has completely retarded the pace of development in our rural areas as well as the socio-economic conditions of the people. After examining the effects of the Act on rural land development in the area concerned and other allied issues, recommendations were made based on the findings for efficient and effective implementation of the Act in rural areas cum rural Lands of Nigeria and if strictly adhered to will go a long way to achieving overall objectives for which the Act was enacted.