Evaluating the Processes and Constraints of Land Administration System in Delta State Nigeria (Published)
Good administration and management of land significantly influences better land use planning and development. Despite the socio-economic benefits accrued to a well-developed Land administration system (LAS) in urban areas, studies attests that most LAS in developing nations still remains highly underdeveloped. This study evaluates the processes and constraints of land administration in Delta State Nigeria. The descriptive research design was used in this study. Primary data were obtained through the administration of well-structured questionnaire to 277 respondents across five urban centers in the study State. The sample comprised of 96 Estate Surveyor and Valuers, 168 Estate Agent/Private Property Developers and 13 Land Officers. Given the nature of the respondents; combinations of simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the sample. In the same medium, data gathered were analyzed systematically by the adoption of descriptive and inferential statistical tools: mean score, standard deviation, Relative impact index, factor analysis and Pearson-chi square to achieve the desire objectives of the study. Findings revealed that land title registration and process standardization are the major requirements for land administration system, again, administrative, technical, financial, and market challenges were found to be major constraints to effective LAS. It was therefore recommended that a sound land administration system with a robust strategy be put in place to ensure long-term sustainable development in Delta State.
The Nexus between Land Administration System and Land Market Development in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
One of the most daunting challenges of urban dwellers today in developing nations is how to promote balance land use that will reduce conflict, abuse, misuse and chaotic location of activities, hence the need for effective land administration system. This study examines the relationship between land administration system and land market development. Using Delta state as a case study, the study adopted a survey research design using a well-structured questionnaire to elicit information from 277 respondents comprising of estate surveyors and Valuers, estate agents/developers and land officers in Asaba, Warri, Sapele and Ughelli in Delta state. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis with the aid of Statistical package for social science version 21.0. The findings revealed that there is significant relationship between land administration system and land market development in Delta state. It is evident that land administration and land market in the study areas is fraught with various challenges such as market and technical, administrative, cost and legal, financial and bureaucratic challenges. It was also discovered that the identified requirements for effective land administration system were important and indispensable for successful land market operation. The study therefore recommends that the existing policy on land administration should be evaluated to enhance the overall performance of the land administration system in the state; there should the regular updating the land base transaction records to prevent multiple ownership of a parcel; actors in land market should simplify the procedures of transferring land rights; Land transactions should be documented and registered to avoid dispute among land owners and the buyers; government policies and regulations should be strictly enforced as these will enhance land market development in the state; a robust strategy that will ensure long-term sustainable development of an efficient LM is also required for a better and improved land administration that will further enhanced the land market in the State