Challenges Preventing Science Teachers from Performing Natural Science Practical Works in Selected Primary Schools in the Oshana Region, Namibia (Published)
Despite the importance of practical work, there are several factors preventing science teachers, especially at primary schools from including practical work in their teaching routine. The main objective of this study was to investigate the challenges preventing science teachers from carrying out Natural Science practical works in selected primary schools in the Oshana Region. A qualitative research approach employing interview schedules and observation as the research instruments was used to collect data on the challenges faced by the science teachers. A sample of 4 Natural Science teachers (2 teaching grade 6 and 2 teaching grade 7) was chosen using the purposive sampling method to participate in the study. The study found that the major factors preventing the teachers from carrying out practical works in the selected primary schools include lack of well equipped functional laboratories, no provision for practical work on the teaching time table, teachers’ lack of experiences in preparing experiments and handling of some equipment, and the lack of laboratory assistance. However, as part of measures to encourage the use of practical works in teaching primary school Natural Science in the study area, the participants indicated that relevant materials and equipment should be made available at the beginning of every academic year. It was also indicated that regular capacity building workshops should be held to train the teachers on conducting experiments and handling equipment. Thus, it was recommended that the school management should devise means of addressing the identified challenges in order to enable the teachers include practical work in the teaching of Natural Science.
Activation of Science Laboratories in Jordanian Public Schools and Its Impact on Students’ Achievement in Physics (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the effect of activating the physics labs in Jordanian public schools on the achievement of students in physics. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. For the Directorate of Education Jerash, while the sample of the study was (30) students.The study found that the effect of activating the physics labs in the Jordanian public schools on students’ achievement in the physics subject. The study also found that the lack of materials for lab work is one of the most important obstacles that prevent the use of physics labs, The researcher recommended the need to hold training courses for the physicists in particular and science teachers in general to clarify the importance of the physics lab in increasing student achievement.
The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the training of technicians in pathology laboratories, as well as the current level of pathology technicians in the world. This paper follows the structure of the PRISMA model with slight modifications. The findings of the review indicate that recent developments such as increased application of molecular biology in pathology, ICT advancement, increased need for quality assurance, and the emergence of other important skills are some of the key factors influencing changes in the required skills and competencies for pathology technicians. These required skills and competencies are similar in all countries. However, there is a lower availability of skilled and competent pathology technicians than is needed. Among other impacts, this issue has contributed to an increased number of errors in pathology laboratories during recent years, and to the inability to implement new technology in the laboratories