The focus of the study is to measure the stress and job satisfaction among EFL Teachers working in public schools in Kuwait. Several research questions were introduced to examine the relationships of the research variables. These questions and the hypotheses were as follow: (a) What is the average level of job satisfaction expressed by EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? (b) Is there a gender difference in the average satisfaction among expressed EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? and (c) What are the most predictable factors to job satisfaction among expressed EFL teachers working in public schools in Kuwait? Teachers were administered the modified Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). This study indicates that Kuwait EFL teachers were either dissatisfied with their job due to their work stress environment or exposure to their job and supervision requirements. Areas such as leadership and peers, school infrastructure, the school’s relationship with its local community, workload, staff supervision, class size, school communication networks, and ability utilization were the most satisfying areas reported. Meanwhile, compensation, school policies, and supervision-human relations were least satisfied in this study. A replication study involving a larger sample of males would be useful to add to our empirical database in this area.
The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the impact of quality of work life on job involvement within the Kuwaiti industrial environment. It also seeks to explore the impact of empowerment on this relationship. A total of 300 questionnaires were submitted to the Public Authority for Industry in Kuwait, of which 231 were completed. The results indicate that quality of work life has both direct and indirect impacts, mediated by empowerment, on job involvement. The findings suggest that firms should pay close attention to quality of work life to ensure a favourable environment within the organization for retaining employees. The study concludes by explaining the limitations involved and suggests future research directions to enhance the quality of the work life in Kuwaiti organizations.
Measuring the Self-Efficacy of EFL Teachers in Elementary Governmental Schools in Kuwait: Exploring Years of Teaching Experience (Published)
Teachers’ self-efficacy has been identified as an important concept that not only influences the way in which teachers teach, but also students’ learning outcomes. A review of the current literature shows that EFL teachers’ self-efficacy is influenced by many factors, including teaching strategies, professional development training, active mastery experience, teachers’ practical knowledge and language proficiency, as well as the length of teaching experience. The last factor is relevant to the current study. There have been inconclusive findings regarding the effect of years of teaching; while some studies have reported a positive relationship between years of teaching experience and self-efficacy, other studies have reported the opposite. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effect of this factor on EFL teachers’ self-efficacy in terms of classroom management, students’ engagement and instructional strategies. The study was conducted with 200 EFL female teachers in governmental elementary schools in Kuwait. Data were collected through online surveys and quantitatively analysed using SPSS. The findings suggest that there were no statistically significant differences (at 0.05 level) between the means in the study sample in terms of self-efficacy in student engagement, classroom management and instructional strategies in relation to the years of teaching experience variable. Based on these findings, it is argued that teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs may remain stable once they are formed. Therefore, there is a need for teacher training courses that raise teachers’ awareness of the importance of their self-efficacy.
Discovering Consumer Intentions toward the Adoption of Cloud Computing In Higher Education Institutions in Kuwait (Published)
Cloud computing has grown immensely over the past few years in the Information Technology field. Optimism for supplier of cloud service and the possible risks associated with privacy and security of users is essential factors for implementation of successful and suitable cloud. Therefore, the main challenge of cloud computing is it’s perceptual and approaches. This research focuses on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), which mixes Anxiety, Optimism and Risk, to study student’s attitude and behavior toward the implementation of cloud service. The planned model was studied using the Structure Equation Model (SEM) to examine data collected by a survey of both IT experts and users. The analysis showed that three variables of Optimism, Innovativeness and perceived risk can be positively combined within the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Innovativeness were suggested to have significant positive influence on the Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU) and Perceived Usefulness (PU). On the other hand, Optimism has positive impact on the PEOU, but had no influence on PU. Moreover, Behavioral Intention is predictable by Optimism, attitude and PU. Students behavior and intentions is explainable through PR, Optimism, and Innovativeness in the projected model in Kuwait.
The role of Kuwaiti parents’ involvement in developing their Primary school – children’s interest in reading English stories (Published)
The researchers explored the activities that Kuwaiti parents used with their children to develop their English literacy. It was investigated what are the most important factors that affected parent involvement and attitudes and children’s attitudes towards reading. The study used quantitative data for answering research questions. A random sample of 120 parents was used for the study (86 mothers and 34 fathers). The results show contrary to expectations derived from the Literature, that Kuwaiti parents provide more supportive literacy environment to their children than expected. Secondly, a positive attitude of the parents toward children practicing reading from early age. In addition, the study findings carry a positive indication on the parental enhancement on their children in term of helping children become interested in reading English stories or materials. Finally, the study reported that most of the demographic variables have no significant roles in the three dimensions of the study.
The purpose of the study is to investigate the health status of students in Kuwait. The objectives of the study were; to determine the distribution of general diseases among coincidently selected sample of elementary school students in designated areas in Kuwait city. Trained teachers were used to interview and measure the students. To achieve the objective, students from elementary schools were randomly chosen from different geographically located areas. The number of students in the selected sample is 7274 who are all males and from elementary level, their ages vary between 11 to 18 years. In conclusion, this study gives an indication that different kinds of diseases were detected in elementary school students and especially asthma using interview techniques. Geographical variations with respect to disease were observed and obese student were more likely to report asthma complaints
Drawing on an ethnographic approach, this research aims at exploring how teachers use L1 in the primary classrooms in Kuwait government schools. It reports on the process of generating qualitative data, namely teacher interview to answer the research question. A brief background of the literature on the use of L1 in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom is presented first. Then a rationale for using teacher interview as a qualitative method is discussed. Data analysis and interpretation show how the data from the teacher interview resulted in the same views as that of the literature and research and new ones emerged from the interview that were not in the literature. Finally, it concludes with the researchers’ reflection on the whole process.
AN ASSESSMENT OF LECTURERS ABILITY IN TRANSFERRING THE NECESSARY SKILLS IN CLASSROOM- THE COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGICAL STUDIES, KUWAIT; AS A CASE STUDY (Published)
Recently, there is a considerable gap between what is learned in the classroom and the real life context of vocational and technical students’ present and future workplace. This problem mostly occur in developing countries where lecturers in vocational and technical education have limited knowledge and experience of the real practice of industry and thus their experience is limited within the bounders on their institutions. This paper examine whether lecturers take into consideration those skills mostly needed by industry in their classes. In other words, do lecturers know the skills needed for today’s workplace? The study also examines the degree of industrialist’s involvement with vocational and technical lecturers in determining the types of knowledge, skills and attitudes that need to be stressed in the classroom. The study would consists of: a review of the related literature; a questionnaire that would be distributed to a sample of lecturers at the College of Technological Studies; Personal interviews with the head of the department; dean of industrial liaison offices; and the department trainee’s direct supervisors in local industry. This paper would conclude that lecturers must emphasis and develop the mostly needed knowledge, skills and attitudes by industries in their classes, otherwise industries would heavily depend on expatriates for years to come