Towards Motivating the Effective classroom usage of Smart phones at both Qassim and Baha Universities, KSA (Published)
This study attempts to motivate academics and students at both Qassim and Baha universities towards the effective usage of smart phones while classes. In today’s digital world, using smart phones is common and fundamental phenomenon, predominantly among the teen agers and youths as well. Tertiary level students are no exception in this regard. They regularly use their smartphones while classes, and it is common to see students touching the smart screens every single minute. This situation is headache and challenging to some professors mainly when it comes to classroom management. However, implementing a positive and controlled usage of such devices is also possible. For instance, students can be encouraged to learn how to use them as dictionaries or thesauruses to look up words, phrases and some specific nouns. Smart phones usage while classes might be effective in modeling pronunciation of words with silent letters and irregular phonemes or syllables. Their usage might be applicable in some translation and computer science courses as well. Additionally, task completion particularly a written task and texting can take place while classes through the application of the smart phones before conducting a pair or even a group checking. Both qualitative and quantitative research methodology is adapted through which the researchers observe some classes at the two mentioned – universities. Furthermore, they conducted and distributed a questionnaire of (15) items to a representative sample of students randomly selected from the two universities. The researchers finally display the study results as well as the findings and the necessary recommendations to reach the following consequences:
- Effective smart phone usage enhances and facilitates students’ language learning and possibly improves their awareness of the four language skills.
- It motives students towards active learning regardless their majors.
- These devices can also assist professors to follow up attendance and absences of the students as well as enabling them to conduct virtual classes.
Exploring EFL Learners’ Engagement in Virtual Reality Environments: A Case Study on King Abdul-Aziz University (KAU) Learners in KSA (Published)
Virtual reality (VR) is used for many applications, ranging from medicine to space and from entertainment to training. In this research paper, VR is applied in EFL education in order to explore the effect of virtual reality environments (VR) on the engagement of female students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at King Abdul-Aziz University (KAU) in Saudi Arabia. A mixed-research approach was taken to examine the correlation between three major variables (students’ engagement, students’ cognitive load, students’ behaviour in VR). The quantitative research made use of three research instruments: 1) a pre/post self-perceived engagement questionnaire, 2) the NASA TLX (Task Load Index), which was used to calculate the learners’ cognitive load, and 3) a Students’ Behaviour in VR rubric, which was used to analyse learners’ video-recorded interactions in VR. I used the qualitative interview tool to collect data from each participant after the experiment in order to analyse students’ perceptions and subjective assessment of their VR experience. The study includes (n=10) EFL female students from the Department of European Languages at King Abdul-Aziz University. I used various statistical treatments from IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) to investigate any significant differences or correlations between the three major variables in the quantitative data. The findings indicated that the level of engagement among students was significantly improved when using VR, while the results did not reveal any significant correlations between students’ cognitive load and behaviour in VR that could affect their engagement.
Obesity is a rising trend worldwide; however, in the KSA its increasing rates are alarming particularly for women. Existing research is limited to quantitative analyses which rely on quantifiable data and which don’t explore the excessive weight in married women. The proposed qualitative study would highlight the causes behind this rising trend in obesity in females in the KSA and explore the relationship of the different causes to obesity and try to establish the measures which would change this trend.