The Effect of Knowledge Sharing on Auditor Innovation Ability Using Work Ethics as Moderating Variable (Published)
This study aims to determine the effect of knowledge sharing on auditor innovation capabilities that are moderated by work ethic. This research was conducted at the Public Accountant Firm in the city of Bandung. Respondents in this study were external auditors. The research method used is research verification survey with a quantitative approach. Sampling was determined by nonprobability sampling technique with a type of purposive sampling, with a sample of 34 respondents. The data analysis technique used is moderate regression analysis.. The results of the tests that have been done show that knowledge sharing has a significant effect on the auditor’s innovation ability. Other test results show that work ethic does not have a significant effect on the ability of innovation and work ethic not to moderate the effect of knowledge sharing on the auditor’s innovation ability. Based on these studies, auditors who have high innovation capabilities will be able to provide new ideas that can benefit clients. But in making innovations auditors must remain on track, not violate boundaries, and not violate existing rules. It is expected that this research can provide knowledge to auditors to be able to improve their abilities, especially in the audit field so they can maximize their duties as auditors.
Knowledge Sharing and Utilisation as Means of Service Delivery among Library Personnel in Selected Universities in Southwest, Nigeria (Published)
This study examines knowledge sharing and utilization as means of service delivery among Library personnel in selected universities in Southwest, Nigeria. The population of the study was made up of Academic Librarians, Library Officers and Library Assistants. The study covered 12Nigerian University Libraries. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The instruments were grouped into four sections. Findings of the study revealed that both the tacit and explicit knowledge were being shared among the library personnel in which tacit knowledge was the most shared knowledge, library personnel shared knowledge with their colleagues most in the same department, seminars, workshops, mobile phones, conferences and staff meeting were the major modes of knowledge sharing and finally, the study revealed that acquisition, cataloguing and classification, selective dissemination of information and inter library loan were the major types of services rendered among library personnel in the selected universities in Southwest, Nigeria. Some of the recommendations were that Library management should encourage and promote knowledge sharing and knowledge utilization among library personnel and Library management should clearly state knowledge management strategy and create knowledge sharing initiatives in the library’s goals.
The effect of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in the Jordanian government schools from the teacher’s point of view (Published)
The current study aimed to identify the impact of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in Jordanian government schools from the teachers point of view, and to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive survey approach, in terms of applying the study tool, which was represented in a questionnaire consisting of (20) paragraphs, On the sample, which amounted to (356) male and female teachers from government schools in the Jerash Education Directorate, the study reached a number of results, the most important of which were: The degree of Jordanian government school principals’ possession of strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view is medium, and that there are statistically significant differences to the degree of The directors of Jordanian government schools have strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view due to the variable of gender and experience, and there is a statistically significant effect of strategic leadership skills on knowledge sharing from the teachers’ point of view. The study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which was: The administrator’s awareness about the importance of adopting a strategic management method to stimulate knowledge sharing between them and the teachers.
Relationship between File Transfer Protocols Assisted Knowledge-Sharing and Organizational Effectiveness (Published)
The study investigated relationship between File Transfer Protocols assisted knowledge-sharing and organizational effectiveness. Two research questions and a hypothesis were designed to guide the study. The population comprised all the medical personnel in the University of PortHarcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State. The sample of the study consisted of 80 medical personnel of whom 30 were medical doctors and 50, randomly drawn from the population. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire code-named Relationship between File-Transfer-Protocol Assisted Knowledge Sharing and Time Wastage Prevention Assessment Questionnaire (RFTPAKSTWPQ). The fool test for the internal consistency of the instrument was conducted using Cronbach aphc statistical. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyzed the results with the aid of z-test. Results revealed that file transfer-protocol-assisted knowledge sharing relates to prevention of time wastage in treating the in-patients in Federal Government-owned hospital in PortHarcourt, Rivers State and no relationship exists between knowledge sharing with the file transfer protocol and knowledge sharing without file-transfer-protocol in preventing time wastage in the in-patients’ treatment in Federal Government-owned hospital in PortHarcourt, Rivers State. The study recommend that State and Federal Governments should prioritize FTP-assisted knowledge sharing and integrate it to drive hospital services and hospital leaderships at both federal and state levels and trained should be strengthened in each of FTP-assisted knowledge sharing so that many ignorant ones will appreciate effectiveness associated with sharing information via FTP.
Conceptual Study of Value Curve in Knowledge Sharing of Organizational Training and Education (Published)
The knowledge sharing is the core of knowledge management in organizational training and education, but we pay few attentions to the value of knowledge sharing in the past. This research aims at some confuse idea related to knowledge sharing, then we propose more explicit knowledge value categorization, and infer the hypothesis of the value of knowledge owner curve. The main contribution of present study is to classify the value in knowledge sharing process into the knowledge value and knowledge owners’, and explaining what the value of organization increased is come from knowledge owner decrease, finally knowledge owner value can be divided into expert’s power value and the value of sharing will and ability. Put these two above values together, the knowledge owner value becomes a concave upward curve. It is to say the value of knowledge owner is under the influence of expert’s power and descend in the early stage, and then raising thereafter because this sharing will and ability are predicted to get applauses. The present study proposed related hypotheses, it still have to carry on some testing to verify in the future. However these hypotheses still show some new concept of value in the subject of the knowledge sharing currently, it enable us to find different thinking. We hope the results of present study can suggest a better way to encourage knowledge sharing according to different viewpoints of value of organizational training and education in the future.
COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE THROUGH KNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF HOTELS IN MAKURDI METROPOLIS, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
Strategic management researchers have alluded to the fact that tangible/intangible assets and intangible capabilities contribute to the achievement of organization’s competitive advantage. Thus, this study was conducted owing to the increase in the employment of knowledge workers, the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in service delivery, and the upsurge in the number of hotels in the hospitality industry in Makurdi metropolis. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between knowledge dissemination and Competitive Advantage (CA). The study adopted ex-post-facto research design and purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire were employed to collect data from employees of selected hotels. Chi-square statistical method was employed to test the research hypothesis. It was found that knowledge dissemination is significantly related to CA. The researchers recommend increased knowledge dissemination via knowledge sharing and transfer among employees and between departments.
KNOWLEDGE SHARING AS A CATALYST FOR ENHANCED PERFORMANCE IN MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (MSMEs) IN MIGORI COUNTY, KENYA (Published)
In the last decade the role of knowledge sharing in business organizations has been emphasized by practitioners, academics and entrepreneurs. Ironically, most of these studies have focused on large organizations, yet others have predominantly focused on secondary literature of past studies for their findings. In addition, some studies have focused on particular aspects like tacit knowledge or explicit knowledge without giving a clue on the relationship to performance using both. This study sought to find out the effect of knowledge sharing on organizational performance with particular reference to MSMEs, thereby filling the gap on small organizations. The study was also empirical and addressed both tacit and explicit forms of knowledge. The study was conducted by cross sectional survey, data being collected using questionnaire and structured interview responses from a sample of 46 owner and 110 employed managers of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises randomly selected from the accessible population using stratified random sampling technique. Findings revealed that knowledge sharing indeed had a significantly positive effect on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Migori County, Kenya. The study recommends that Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises be encouraged to facilitate implementation of knowledge sharing so as to realize significant improvements in their performance
This research seeks to investigate the relationship between organizational culture and Knowledge Sharing in a Gulf Co-operative Council Company (GCCC). A questionnaire was used to collect data from selected departments in the company. The cultural variables that have been investigated were trust, communication between staff, leadership, and reward system. Results of the study showed a positive relationship between each of organizational culture factors (trust, communication between staff, leadership, and reward system) and knowledge sharing.
FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN STATE CORPORATIONS IN THE NATIONAL TREASURY IN KENYA (Published)
Globally government institutions are faced with demands to change and modernise their operations so as to facilitate development in the new ‘knowledge’ economy. Failure by Government Institutions to adopt knowledge management practices poses challenges in preservation of institutional memory due to frequent transfer of knowledge workers. Ineffective implementation of knowledge management practices leads to inadequate capacity to sustain Government projects which impacts negatively on the economic growth of the country. The study investigated the factors affecting implementation of Knowledge Management Practices. The objectives of the study included Organisational Structure, Organisational Culture, Information Technologies and Human Resource Capabilities. A census survey of middle level managers from Human Resource and Technical operations department based in Nairobi was conducted, using a structured self administered questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS. The findings revealed that organisational structures in Government organisations are hierarchical which hindered sharing of information, the existing organisational culture does not support and encourage creation and sharing of knowledge amongst employees, inadequate skills in information technology and computer networks to facilitate sharing of knowledge hindered knowledge management practices efforts and lack of defined responsibilities for knowledge management (KM) initiatives affected execution of KM in organisations. Recommendations included flexible organisational structures to support distribution of knowledge, a strong culture that values trust, openness and sociability to stimulate knowledge sharing, investing in information infrastructure to support distribution of knowledge and acquisition of requisite competencies and skills on effective implementation of knowledge management to ensure sustainability.