Acute Skills Deficiency Syndrome “And Employment Creation in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case Of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
Since 1999, successive Governments of Cross River State (CRS), Nigeria have successfully transformed the State to a preferred destination for business and leisure. But notwithstanding the impressive macroeconomic performance, youth inactivity has remained very high, and it is believed that Crossriverians suffer from acute skills deficiency syndrome (ASDS), which is not having the required skills to secure good jobs or start and run viable businesses. The paper notes that occupational structure in the new economy is increasingly bipolar, characterized by the juxtaposition of two main groups of workers: high skilled professionals on the one hand; and low skilled workers on the other hand. If more Crossriverians belong to the second group of employees, it is a possibility that they do suffer from ASDS. Using secondary data collected from CRS, the paper confirms among other things that 65.7 percent of employees of CRS origin were employed in low skill services areas, and fewer Crossriverians were employed in dynamic sectors/activities like manufacturing, mining, and electricity. The paper notes that dealing with ASDS in Nigeria and elsewhere calls for implementation of a comprehensive social reorientation programme that aims at inculcating the entrepreneurial mindset among youths particularly, and given the powerful impact the media, career counselling programmes should be streamed on the radio, television, and the Internet in a manner that will capture the attention and interest of young people.
FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN STATE CORPORATIONS IN THE NATIONAL TREASURY IN KENYA (Published)
Globally government institutions are faced with demands to change and modernise their operations so as to facilitate development in the new ‘knowledge’ economy. Failure by Government Institutions to adopt knowledge management practices poses challenges in preservation of institutional memory due to frequent transfer of knowledge workers. Ineffective implementation of knowledge management practices leads to inadequate capacity to sustain Government projects which impacts negatively on the economic growth of the country. The study investigated the factors affecting implementation of Knowledge Management Practices. The objectives of the study included Organisational Structure, Organisational Culture, Information Technologies and Human Resource Capabilities. A census survey of middle level managers from Human Resource and Technical operations department based in Nairobi was conducted, using a structured self administered questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS. The findings revealed that organisational structures in Government organisations are hierarchical which hindered sharing of information, the existing organisational culture does not support and encourage creation and sharing of knowledge amongst employees, inadequate skills in information technology and computer networks to facilitate sharing of knowledge hindered knowledge management practices efforts and lack of defined responsibilities for knowledge management (KM) initiatives affected execution of KM in organisations. Recommendations included flexible organisational structures to support distribution of knowledge, a strong culture that values trust, openness and sociability to stimulate knowledge sharing, investing in information infrastructure to support distribution of knowledge and acquisition of requisite competencies and skills on effective implementation of knowledge management to ensure sustainability.