Shakespeare’s King Richard II is not a great man, rather a little, or quite ordinary one. Shakespeare himself dwells as attentively as the royal blood comes and goes in the face with his rapid changes of fortune. Through King Richard II, Shakespeare shows us though anointed, but a man guilty of his uncle’s murder which culminates in the usurpation of his throne by his cousin Bolingbroke, Henry IV. So, it is about the fall and deposition of a righteous king which is exposed through various imageries. Despite having weakness, and misrule, the uprising against him, his deposition and his death, Shakespeare points out that rebellion is a sin. He has given importance to order or discipline in nature, so as a king should keep himself aloof from flatterers and suppress the rebels to keep order and discipline in the country. The subjects should obey even a weak king otherwise they must suffer from nemesis or famine, epidemic or war fare. In this writing, I want to emphasize Shakespeare’s advocacy for divine right of kingship in King Richard II and to explore the ideal to be king as one who does his duty to God and to his country and who is also a man of spotless personal integrity .
In this paper, we look at the evolution of the kingship system among the Igbo people of Nigeria. From a republican form of administration where the Council of Elders played pivotal roles in determining the political governance of the people, the Igbo are made to adopt a kingship system that confers political authority on a single individual. Aside of the initial hiccups that arose while introducing the system there is a further problem of how to institutionalize the kingship system in a largely republican character of Igbo society. Here, we take a cursory look at the evolution of the kingship system in Igboland and the criteria set out by successive administrations for selecting and recognizing the Igbo king. We then compare the Igbo king with his counterparts in other parts of Nigeria, in particular, the Hausa/Fulani and the Yoruba kings. We conclude that even in trying to meet with the ideal, the Igbo king still mirrors the republican character of traditional Igbo society