Alleged Community Stimulus of Kidnapping on Depression in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State (Published)
The study investigated the alleged community stimulus of kidnapping on depression in Chikun LGA of Kaduna State. Survey research design was adopted with accidental sampling technique. Two hundred and thirty- two (232) participated in the study both male and female. A standardized instrument was used to collect data which is Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PQH-9). The data were further analyzed using Chi-Square, One-Way ANOVA and Independent Sample-t-test. Hypothesis one revealed that, there is a significant difference in the perceived association of news on kidnapping and depression in Chikun LGA of Kaduna State, X2(1) = 37.274, P < 0.05. In other words, the hypothesis was confirmed in this study. Hypothesis two tested a significant difference in gender and depression in Chikun LGA. Analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between male and female participants in Chikun LGA of Kaduna State, t(230)= -5.110, P < 0.05. In other words, the stated hypothesis was confirmed in this study. We therefore, concluded and recommended that, even though residents are aware of such activities, the level of PTSD experienced by them has been relatively low but relatively high depression. Family and community ties and togetherness should be strengthened since it promotes resilience which in turn act as a buffer or immune to developing PTSD or depression.
Fatal Attraction: Social Isolation Intensifying Kidnapping in the Niger Delta Region (Published)
Kidnapping in the Niger Delta has become a social phenomenon which is now increasingly common in its operations. The lucrative and mesological nature of the crime has made it a copycat form of criminality, with a proliferation of an anticipatory socialization process. However, economic inequality depicts that Individuals are easily cajoled to copy the criminal act, because it is a cheap avenue to survive without having to commit murder. This paper sheds light on kidnapping by untangling the gripping issues with atrocious accounts in the Niger Delta region, as factors fostering the strife and ascendancy of kidnapping in the region. This paper used academic literature as a tool for historical revionism to expose the deprived state of the Niger Delta region, which underscores with the intention of kidnapping being eradicable in nature. However, some points were shared as recommendations for clamping down the skyrocketing operations of kidnapping in the Niger Delta region.
Despite the existence of a sizeable theoretical and empirical literature, no firm conclusions have been drawn regarding the impact of the amnesty policy and the elimination of militancy and acts of oil theft from the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. This article challenged the consensus of an inconclusive relationship between the amnesty programme and increased crude oil production in Nigeria. It adopted the elite theory in shedding deeper light on the lapses existing in the formulation and implementation of the amnesty policy. It concluded that although the Niger Delta citizens had their expectations dashed; with regard to oil discovery, they resorted to acts of militancy which had negative effects on the image and economic fortunes of Nigeria. However, the amnesty programme which was thought out as a viable policy thrust that could dowse the air and bring peace to bear on the region, neglected the women, children and non-violent youths of the area. It is to this neglected, but significant wing of the Delta that this article drew attention, with the firm projection that with such lie the prospects of a lasting peace in the Niger Delta. The paper observed further that when a state policy thrust becomes overtly discriminatory, another round of militant activities in the delta region seems inevitable, hence the need for a policy review for a broad based system that will capture majority of the excluded but potentially dangerous segments of the delta struggle in Nigeria and deliberate moves aimed at installing effective governance at all levels of the Nigerian state.