Exploring the Extent of Press Freedom in Nigeria (Published)
Press freedom has become one of the major challenges of Journalism practice in the world. This paper explores the factors militating against press freedom in Nigeria using some relevant examples. The researcher used the qualitative method of research using secondary data comprising of books, journals and other scholars opinion for the discuss and analysis. The study is embedded on two theories out of the normative theories i.e the authoritarian and social responsibility theory. The study reveals that there are a lot of factors in Nigeria that impedes or militates against press freedom ranging from secrecy, legal pressure, direct censorship and force among others. Findings also reveal that Nigerian press freedom is a paradox and only exist on paper i.e. on constitution but not in practice. The research recommends that since press freedom is granted in the constitution of Nigeria, there should be statutory backup and in order not to hinder press freedom, journalist should be allowed to have access to government sources and records so long as it will not bring chaos to the society at large.
The study examines the ways in which news coverage by journalist and the various media houses have an influence on corporate reputation of an organization. The media is one of the biggest medium through which information flows. In Ghana, the media is even referred to as the fourth arm of government after the legislature, executive and judiciary. The purpose of the study was to find out news coverage by journalist and media houses impact on the corporate reputation of organization in Ghana. The study used both quantitative and qualitative data. Journalists have a responsibility of doing the job professional without fear or favor. The study revealed that journalist and Media houses are very powerful and as a result any negative reportage by the media houses will go a long way to affect the image and reputation of an organization and a positive reportage can also enhance the image and reputation of the organization