Tag Archives: Jordan

The Attitudes of Undergraduate Students towards Using E-exams for Assessment in Jordan (Published)

The present study aimed to explore the attitudes of undergraduate students towards using e-exams for assessment in Jordan. It also aimed to identify the challenges facing Jordanian universities in using e-exams for assessment. The researcher designed a questionnaire. A purposive sample was selected from the University of Jordan. It consists from (93) undergraduate students who were selected from two sections of the (national education) course at the University of Jordan. Questionnaire forms were distributed to the sample members by hand. All the forms were retrieved. However, (87) forms are considered valid for statistical analysis.  The response rate is (100% Percentages), standard deviations and means are calculated. It was found that respondents have positive attitudes towards using e-exams for assessment in Jordan. It was found that the severity of the challenges facing Jordanian universities in using e-exams for assessment is high. It was found that e-exam makes students feel less stressed than the paper-based exam.

Keywords: Attitudes, Jordan, Students, Undergraduate, e-exams

The Effectiveness of Counseling Group Program for Prevention of Mental Retardation among Students of Counseling and Special Education at Ajloun National University/Jordan (Published)

The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of counseling group program for prevention of mental Retardation among students of Counseling and Special education at Ajloun National University ,and to achieve that, it was chosen a sample consisted of (42)students from counseling and special education at the 2 nd year. The sample divided  into two groups: the control group consists of (21) and the experimental group consists of (21). It was used the counseling group program that contains identifying Mental Retardation, its causes and the ways of prevention, it was used a scale of  (pre-test, post-test ) &( the mental retardation exam) that consists of (11) items that measure the skills of identifying Mental Retardation, its causes and the ways of prevention, it was used (T. test) and ANCOVA at the statistical treatment, and the results showed:

  • the effectiveness of the program of prevention from mental retardation at the experimental group without the control group.
  • There were statistically significant differences at ( α≤ 0.05)in favor to females at the (post – exam) scale of prevention from mental retardation. 

 There were statistically significant differences  at ( α≤ 0.05) in favor to special education at the (post – exam ) scale of prevention from mental retardation

Keywords: Ajloun National University, Jordan, Mental Retardation, Special Education, Students, counseling

Analyzing the Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use in Jordan’s Rural Towns: The Governorates of Jerash and Ajloun as Case Studies (Published)

Jordan is not typically at the center of global concern regarding illicit drug prevalence. However, in recent years – and presumably since the onset of the Syria Civil War – the prevalence of illicit drugs in Jordan has become an important issue. While the question regarding whether this presence is due to Jordan historically being used by traffickers as a trafficking hub – or whether illicit drugs have indeed gained a foothold amongst Jordanian youth – remains, analysis of this issue is necessary in order to better understand this contemporary issue. Interestingly, rural areas such as towns within the governorates of Jerash and Ajloun (in northern Jordan) are at least anecdotally said to have a high prevalence of drug use within them. While no official government data is available to illustrate the prevalence of illicit drugs per governorate, and social stigma associated with addiction prevents the opportunity for extensive interviews to take place with those struggling with addiction, a plethora of media reports are available that provide insight into this pressing issue, in addition to limited anonymous interview access with individuals struggling with addiction. Accordingly, this research article will use interviews and content analysis as methodologies to both analyze available media excerpts to better determine whether illicit drug use is indeed becoming more prevalent amongst Jordanian youth or whether the rise in the presence of illicit drugs in Jordan is due to increased trafficking as a result of border security issues related to the Syrian Civil War.

Keywords: Ajloun, Drugs, Epidemic, Jerash, Jordan, Youth

The Ability of Translation Students in Anslating English Technical Text into Arabic at Jadara University in Jordan (Published)

The aim of this study is to examine the ability of translation students in translating technical text from `English into Arabic at Jadara University in Jordan. To allow data collection, the researcher provided a technical text containing various technical expressions to be translated from English into Arabic as a test to investigate their levels in the field of technical translation. The translation text was reviewed by a panel of experts, their remarks and comments were taken into considerations. The English text included (35) technical expressions. The text was given to a random sample of (23) BA translation students. The students were asked to translate the English text into Arabic. The findings of the study were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitatively, identifying translation students’ ability in translating a technical oriented text from English into Arabic, followed by discussing and analyzing their answers according to the previous studies presented. The results showed that the ability of students in translating technical and military text displayed fairly low level. Also, it showed no statistical differences between males and females in translating such text. Based on the results of this study, the researcher provided several recommendations. The most important is the need to increase the number of translation courses, including various translation courses in the English department syllabi at Jadara University.

Keywords: Jadara University, Jordan, technical expressions, technical translation, translation level

Undesired Behaviors among the Heads of Academic Departments in the Southern Region Universities of Jordan from the Faculties View (Published)

The study aimed at recognizing the level of undesired behaviors among the Heads of academic Departments in the southern region universities of Jordan from the faculties view. The sample consisted of (332) faculties chosen by stratified random method according to the two variables of university and college. The two researchers prepared a questionnaire for the purposes of the study validity and reliability were computed and the results were appropriate for the purpose of this study. Means, Standard deviations, ANOVA, and MANOVA were used for answering the questions. the results indicated that the level of   Undesired Behaviors Among the Heads of academic Departments in the Southern Region Universities of Jordan from the Faculties View was mid in general. All the domains also came mid. The administrative efficiency domain came in the first rank; whereas, the personal characteristics domain came in the last rank. The results indicated that there are no statistically significant differences for the level of  undesired Behaviors among the Heads of academic Departments in the universities attributed to the variables of university and college and to the interaction between them.

Keywords: Academic Departments, Jordan, Southern Universities, Undesired Behaviors

The Legal Framework of Electronic Contract in the Jordanian Legislation (Published)

Electronic contract requires acceptation, reason, price and place and all the condition which specifying the responsibilities of the contractual obligations, but the electronic contract differs from the traditional contract in the usage mean that show or offering the contract. Therefore; the electronic contract is being done without the presence of the parties in the council of the contract, which raises some legal difficulties, like the opening nature and global of the internet and the confidentiality of exchanged information. And to determine the eligibility of contractor, place and time of the contract, this refer to the privacy of the non-material electronic letters such as: information message which raised a question about the extent of counting it in the contract and the approval of it too, the legislator should put the lines and the principles of electronic contract to held it correctly in the electronic way.

Keywords: Electronic Acceptance, Electronic Contract, Electronic Offer, Electronic Transaction Act, Jordan

The Impact of Social Marketing on Customer Knowledge in Jordan Communication Companies (Applied Study) (Published)

This study will explore the extent of applying social marketing in Jordan’s communication companies, its impact on the customer knowledge, the research community contained the Jordanian citizens live in the capital Amman, and how they deal with two companies: Zain and Orange. A simple random sample was taken consisted of citizens dealing with communication companies in Jordan, as the questionnaire is distributed to them for scientific research purposes. The study reached many results, the most important are: communication companies in Jordan apply social marketing concept, and they do not apply the social marketing concept in the following fields: the social, scientific, healthy and religious. Communication companies in Jordan apply social marketing concept in many fields, such as the environmental, sport and in public services sector. Communication companies’ application in Jordan affects the social responsibility in marketing on the customer knowledge. The study proposed many recommendations, such as communication companies should define their presented services to the community aiming at increasing the customer knowledge and focusing on paying attention to various social fields, the most important one is the religious aspect as it is most significant interest in sample individual’s point of view. Also, providing financial allocations suitable for implementing programs and plans of social marketing , and making another studies on study subject, by applying on other vital sectors aiming at showing the role of social marketing and its importance in affecting the customer knowledge in various fields which can give them great benefit.

Keywords: Applications, Communication Companies, Customer Knowledge, Jordan, Social Marketing

Impact of the Internal Marketing Control in the Quantity of Banking Services in the International Islamic Arab Bank (Published)

This study aimed at investigating the nature of relationship between the five elements of the internal marketing control (control evidence, information systems, process of evaluating risks, control activities, and control techniques follow up) and among dimensions of service quality (substantial elements, dependable (validity), haste of response, security, concern “sympathy” in the International Islamic Arab Bank. To achieve objectives of this study, a sample of directors, responsible of control, and heads of departments in the International Islamic Arab Bank through its headquarters, and its branches stretched all over the areas of the Jordan, and those who work in this domain. The sample amounted to (150) individuals. Hypothesis of study were tested through using Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and the multi and simple linear regression. From the most important results which had been deduced that there is a significant statistical relationship between the elements of internal marketing represented in the environment of control, information and communications systems, risks analyzing, systems of control, procedures of following up and supervision and among the dimensions of service quality. Based on those results, numerous recommendations have been deduced, of them: in order to guarantee the quality of work, banks have to enhance procedures of the internal marketing control depending on the modern approaches in evaluating these procedures through analyzing the risks connected with them. The significance of this approach appears with the increase of using technology to cover all activities of the bank.

Keywords: Internal Marketing Control, Jordan, Quantity of Banking Services, the International Islamic Arab Bank

The Degree of Commitment of the Higher Education Institutions in Jordan to the Strategic Planning Standards (Published)

The main purpose of the present study is to identify the importance of strategic planning, the strategic planning standards and the obstacles against the commitment to strategic planning in the higher education institutions. Thereafter, to shed light on the degree of commitment of the higher education institutions in Jordan to the strategic planning standards. The study has produced a cluster of results and recommendations, the most significant of which is that the higher education institutions in Jordan are highly committed to the strategic planning standards. The researcher also recommends conducting more spaced out studies on all the educational institutions in Jordan to specify the best strategies used in those institutions to be generalized on the rest of the educational institutions.

Keywords: Degree of Commitment, Higher Education, Institution, Jordan, Strategic Planning

The Effect of Using Accounting Information Systems on the Quality of Accounting Information According to Users Perspective in Jordan (Published)

The main reason of this study is to examine the impact of Accounting information system on the on the quality of accounting information Design/methodology/approach – The study applies the quantitative method to collect the data by using structure questionnaire to extract the users opinions about how accounting information system effect the quality of accounting information, The researcher identified some criteria to understand the concept of “Accounting information system” and used qualitative characteristic (relevance, reliability, more comparability, understandability, consistency and neutrality) as a proxy to measure accounting information quality. Findings – The paper specify that all accounting information users believe the important role of accounting information system on the quality of accounting information and there is a strong effect between the two variables, which in turn have influence on users’ decisions, such as creditors, financial analysts and investors. Also the analysis result indicate the accounting information system have a significant influence on companies’ profitability, there is a strong relationship between the use of accounting information that resulted from accounting system and managerial efficiency, also the findings shows struggle of using accounting information, such as ownership cost, training cost and fighting renewal such as accounting systems.Practical implications – The results of the study have significant implications regarding users of financial statements. In particular, mangers and investors, the research validates that the importance of AIS in rationalizing the decision making. Originality/value – It is believed that there is no Jordanian study to date examining the impact of accounting information system on the quality of accounting information. Therefore, this study significantly contributes to the limited literature on the perceived the effect of accounting information system on quality of accounting information. Research limitations: The difficulty of using such studies depending on questionnaire in developing countries, such as Jordan, because they do not care about the results of the study.

Keywords: Accounting Information Quality, Accounting Information Systems, Decision- Making Process, Jordan, Profitability, Qualitative Characteristics

The Impact of Informational Influence for Reference Groups on Student Selection of Private Universities in Jordan (Published)

The present study is an effort to explore the impact of informational influence for reference groups on students’ selection of private universities in Jordan. To achieve this aim, a survey was constructed and conducted to collect the required data from students. About 480 questionnaires were distributed at two private universities in Amman. Descriptive analysis, test of reliability, factors analysis, and regression analysis were used in this study. The findings of the study show that three factors were produced by factor analysis as follows; family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders. These three factors were used in regression analysis; results show that family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders influence the students’ selection of private universities

Keywords: Informational Influence, Jordan, Private Universities, Reference Groups, Students, University

Jordan’s Export Import Scenario During 2000- 2014 (Published)

In light of the challenges set by the economic openness and foreign trade to the Jordanian economy, especially through the increasing competition for Jordanian products of goods and services with regional and global countries, it is necessary to activating the role of the Jordanian trade policy in order to make greater contribution to enhancing the competitiveness of the national economy. The objective of this research paper is to address the impact of import and export of Jordon on Gross Domestic Product growth (GDP) during the period 2000-2014 as the GDP at market price determines the import, export and openness of Jordan. Linear Regression analysis has been applied with GDP at market price and Import, export, trade and trade openness. The analysis shows that there is a statistically significant impact of export and import of goods and services, and on GDP growth of the economy. On the other hand the analysis shows no significant effect of trade openness on GDP growth rate due to trade deficit.

Keywords: Export, GDP, Jordan, import, trade openness

Sociology of Technology Features of SMES’ E-Commerce (Published)

The aim of this research paper is to discover factors associated with sociology of technology and their impact on SMEs’ E-Commerce Acceptance within Jordanian context. A proposed research’s conceptual model is developed in order to investigate the relationship and influence between sociology of technology associated factors (online social interaction and online commercial interaction) through intermediary factors (Perceived Usability of EC, Perceived advantage of EC, Sentiment toward EC acceptance, EC Use intention) with the adoption of EC innovation. The data analysis was based on 400 Jordanian SMEs; also data analysis was based on multivariate statistical techniques encompassing multiple linear regression, simple linear regression, and one-way ANOVA. The study framework has been shown to be very viable and useful. The framework can be used as a tool to enable Technology innovation and adoption scholars to encourage and advising SMEs to adopt appropriate ecommerce technology to improve their business performance. Suggestions are made to improve the framework with future work to apply this framework in more SMEs. The findings from this research show that the current research framework is beneficial to both governmental and private sectors who intend to accelerate the adoption rate of electronic commerce implementations and their relevant components among SMEs in Jordan.

Keywords: Jordan, Perceived Advantage, Perceived Usability, SMEs, Sociology of Technology

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

The Role of Knowledge Management in Developing the Characteristics of Entrepreneurial Organization Entrepreneur Styles as Moderator Variables (Applied Study in the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Sector) (Published)

The goal of this paper is to study the relationship between knowledge management (knowledge creation and knowledge sharing) and the five characteristics of entrepreneurial organization related to agility, sustainability of organizational values, simplicity of organizational structure, and innovation freedom. In addition, the study analyzes the moderating impact of entrepreneurial styles (Gambler, Dreamer, Entrepreneur, and Consolidator) on the relationship between knowledge management and organizational characteristics. The independent variable of the study is knowledge management with its two sub variables related to knowledge creation and knowledge sharing. The dependent variable is the characteristics of entrepreneurial organization with its four dimensions. The moderator variable is the entrepreneurial styles. The results of the study revealed that there is no direct impact of knowledge management practices as a whole in terms of knowledge creation and knowledge sharing on the characteristics of entrepreneurial organization as a whole. On the other hand, it was evident from the results of the study that there is an impact of knowledge sharing only on the sustainability of organizational values, the simplicity of organizational structure, and organizational creativity freedom; knowledge creation however, did not have any impact on sustainability of organizational values or simplicity of organizational structure. In terms of the moderating impact of entrepreneurial styles, it was evident that there is an indirect effect of knowledge management practices in terms of knowledge creation and knowledge sharing on the characteristics of entrepreneurial organization in the presence of only the entrepreneur style. On the other side, there was no indirect effect of knowledge management practices in terms of knowledge creation and knowledge sharing on the characteristics of entrepreneurial organization in the presence of gambler, consolidator or dreamer entrepreneurial styles.

Keywords: Development, Entrepreneur Styles, Entrepreneurial Organization, Jordan, Knowledge Management, Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Sector

Do Profitability And Size Affect Financial Leverage Of Jordanian Industrial Listed Companies (Published)

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Profitability, and firm’s Size as independent variables on leverage as proxy of Debt to Total Assets ratio (leverage) as dependent variable. A sample of 52 Jordanian Industrial listed companies on Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) for the year ended Dec.31, 2013 was selected. The results of the research show that there is a significant effect of profitability in for of ROA , and size on leverage of industrial companies , on the contrary , ROE has not. Therefore, industrial companies may enhance the profitability of their firms by maximizing the profit, and increasing financial assets compared with total assets. So, the study concludes some recommendations that are beneficial to the stakeholders.

Keywords: Debt Ratio, Industrial Companies, Jordan, Leverage

THE ROLE OF THE FINANCIAL AND MORAL INCENTIVES ON EMPLOYEES’ PERFORMANCE IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES: CASE STUDY OF JORDAN (Published)

The study aimed to investigate the role of the financial and moral incentives on employees’ performance in the academic libraries in Jordan. This study aimed at identifying the role of the academic libraries in meeting the librarians’ societal needs, knowing the implemented incentives approaches and the level of performance in the academic libraries. Methodology approach used data about the role of the financial and moral incentives on employees’ performance in academic libraries were obtained through a survey questionnaire distributed to employers in the academic libraries in Jordan. The study used 5 public universities (n=5, 20.83%) and 5 private universities (n=5, 20.83%) out of 24 universities in Jordan, were selected for the purpose of this study. Social implications regarding this study, the results indicated that there was a relationship between financial, moral incentives and employees’ performance as well as between financial, moral incentives and internal library process and users’ satisfaction, caution must be exercised in generalizing the results from this study to other situations in the service academic library environment. The findings indicated that there was an adequate level of incentives provided to librarians. The financial incentives ranked in the 1st place while moral incentives ranked in the 2nd place. Regarding the value, this study has verified further research opportunities that could enrich the understanding of incentives and employees’ performance in the Jordanian academic libraries.

Keywords: Academic Libraries, Employees’ Performance, Financial, Incentives, Jordan, Moral

Lecturers’ Conceptions of Ethical Citizenship Education at the Hashemite University in Jordan (Published)

This study aims to investigate the perceptions Lecturers’ Conceptions of Ethical Citizenship Education at the Hashemite University in Jordan. The results of the study indicated that the lecturers perceptions includes that universities provide the students with knowledge, skills and attitudes but it’s not concerned mainly with the ethical citizenship values of them. The lecturer’s conceptions of their students were mainly focused on the academic dimensions. Implementing ethical citizenship education at the university has its obstacles and difficulties and it needs a shared decision, support and communication at all the levels.

Keywords: Ethical Citizenship Education, Hashemite University, Jordan, Lecturers' Conceptions

THE EFFECT OF SEX (GENDER) ON THE SUCCESS OF BUSINESSWOMEN IN THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN MARKETING IN JORDAN (AN EMPIRICAL STUDY) (Published)

The aim of this study is to address gender barriers in the business environment in Jordan. Two variables that may influence economic success of businesses owned by women entrepreneurs in Jordan were selected for this purpose. These variables are the marital status of female entrepreneur and its effect on her business, while the second variable is related to gender discrimination and whether it is considered a major obstacle facing women entrepreneurs. To analyze data collected from 102 convenient sample of female business owners in private sector and different innovation centers the linear model was used to identify the relationship between the marital status and gender discrimination and success in business. The result of this study shows a positive relationship between the marital status of business owners and success in business and that being a female or single is not an obstacle facing Jordanian women in business. The implications of the results are briefly highlighted.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Gender, Jordan, Women Entrepreneurs