Saudi Arabia is experiencing an era of policy reform across different government departments, including the education system. However, these plans have attracted criticism from those who see these new educational paradigms as a threat to the vitality of the Islamic identity that characterizes conservative members of Saudi society. Adopting a descriptive discursive approach, this paper sheds light on the objections raised to the changes and considers whether fears that such reforms constitute attempts to reconstruct the religious ident, ity of the younger generation via the public-school curriculum are justified. The analysis shows that these reconstructive attempts can be seen as a way of exposing children to an unfamiliar culture by supplying teaching materials laden with ideological content, allowing a new policy of mixed-sex education, and reintroducing the teaching of previously banned subjects.
Citation: Khalid Hudhayri (2021) Identity Loss in the Strict Religious Context of Saudi Arabian Schools, British Journal of Education, Vol. 9, Issue 11, pp.16-22
Review of Corpus-Based Studies in the Representation of Muslims and Islam in the Western Media (Published)
The purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive review of literature on the attitude of Western media including films and magazines, towards Muslims and the Islamic religion by way of reviewing existing studies in relevant literature. The findings from the sources considered are used in making inferences and conclusions about the general attitude of some Western media towards Muslims and the Islamic religion, whilst also analyzing some of the terminologies used in reference to Muslims, especially Muslim Women. The impact of the identified attitude was highlighted and the conclusion of the study is that most of Western media holds a highly negative and condescending view towards Muslims and the Islamic religion.
Religion sits alongside other factors to determine the capacity to understand, respond and recover from Disaster. Following the occurrence of the Lake Nyos disaster and as it became clear that the horrifying natural episode marked a turning point in the lives of the hardest-hit communities, religious leaders and their faithful brought a faith perspective to the explanation and response to the event. This article focuses on these religious reactions to the Nyos disaster, and draws on published research, oral sources and previously unexplored archival sources. After presenting the pre-disaster religious landscape of the area, it first investigates religious explanations to the origins and impact of the event. Second, it explores ritual practices that were observed in response to the disaster. Finally, it highlights how the disaster was used as a justification for Christian social action and proselytization among survivors. In the conclusion, I make the case that the religious faiths in the Lake Nyos disaster area explained and responded to the event in ways that were couched in religious terms.
Allah’s Political Sovereignty, As ‘Imagined’ By Fundamentalist Muslims, and Its Role in Disapproving Secularism in the Arab World (Published)
This article’s central theme is to expose the ‘views’ of fundamentalist Muslims and radical Ulema about secularism; which is the separation between religion and state affairs. Fundamentalists and Ulema have been using many internet websites and forums to oppose Arab governments and liberals’ endeavors for secularization. Fundamentalists introduced what they call “Islamic alternative” which insist on fusing religion and state affairs. Through their intellectual discourse, the fundamentalists distorted secularism in the collective consciousness of Arab societies, and have created a psychological complex rooted in the subconscious and internal thinking that secularism is jahiliyyah (ignorance), kufir (unbelief/infidelity), Rida (apostasy) and iilhad (atheism). This fact is of great importance in the present history when the influence of Islamic extremism; that producing terrorism, is increasing throughout the world. This study focuses on the internet, websites, and forums run by fundamentalist groups and individuals, since these sites became more influential than books, because of its easy availability and lower costs.
The menace of cultism in Nigerian schools has certainly emerged as one of the main social problems in contemporary Nigeria, with obvious psychological consequences. This paper therefore examines the impact of religion in combating the demented acts of cultism in Nigerian schools, using Islam and Christianity as the basis. Religion dictates to its followers basic values intended to guide people towards living an ideal life-style. In Nigeria, there are two dominant religions: Islam and Christianity. To these writers’ minds the two religions do not condone cultism. The core values of these religions are purity, chastity, honesty, integrity, quality of moderation and humility. After the analysis of the causes and psychological impact of cultism, it then concludes with the submission that the menace of cultism in Nigerian schools can be drastically reduced or eliminated through the internalization and inculcation of the fear of God in the minds of students.
The idea of “secularism” is still rejected within the Arab cognitive structure at the level of intellectual, social and political construction. So far, Arab secularists have failed to find popular acceptance for secularism within the Arab cultural- religious structure and socio political sphere. As a result, traditional religious discourse and values still dominate minds!! The purpose of this study is to discuss, analyze and explain why secularism has not become the culture and political ideology of the Arab peoples and governments. The researcher assumes that the reasons are due to: the neglect of the cultural factor by the Arab secularists, the marriage of Arab nationalism and religion, the emergence of political Islam’s movements, and the nature of Islamic religion that rejects reform. Therefore, the researcher recommends that, there is a pressing need for reproducing Arabs prevailing traditional culture by promoting, a civil culture that privatize religion and separates it from politics and state affairs
This research aims to focus some studies was done by researhers in Sociology, Culture and politics, sociology of Islamic society and women studies. To strengthen and focus on previous study, this research will create relation construction “local and religious value on the women empowerment in Japananese family. For the first year of the three years, research has focused on tracking the arrival of Islam in Japan and the struggle of Islam with local values. This is qualitative research and data collection done by observation, documentation, and indepth interview. The analysis done by qualitative descriptive and the result of the observation that needs for deep understanding to find the meaning given by subject of the research by indepth interview. This process is going from one informant to others as snow ball method until the information is relative fix. In other hand, to implement the principles and conceptualization technique based on data, for describe the shape of social-culture relations in pattern or to understand the meaning behind the shape of relaty, this process following the characteristic of qualitative research that it will be vice versa, cyclus and unlinear. The result of this research are: Until the mid-1980s the Muslim population in Japan is relatively small. These conditions attract foreign Muslim workers so that it can be said that the Muslim population in Japan today is foreign-born; they came from Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Iran that make up the largest subgroup. Islam as a religion and value also accepted to be existand grow in Japan. But in this context, it relates with accepting to the foreign Muslim in Japan. Foreigner Muslim are accepted to live, work and study in Japanese society. But, accepting here does not mean adopting.
GENDER DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PAKISTANI WOMEN IN “BOL”; A STUDY OF CLASH BETWEEN CULTURE AND RELIGION. (Published)
This paper aims to study the issue of gender discrimination against Pakistani women presented in a film Bol directed by Mansoor. Feminist theory is used as major theoretical framework for the present research. The discourse is analyzed through qualitative method and descriptive analysis. Kristeva’s feministic assumptions regarding ‘Gender Discrimination’ are implied in theoretical background. Her notion of abjection as an explanation for oppression and discrimination helps to shed light on the oppression and subordination of women and man chauvinism which is strictly prohibited in Islam. Moreover this paper will discuss about the psychological and sexual violence.
The best way to identify a phenomenon is a comprehensive study and reviewing it, in various perspectives. Comprehensive study and understanding the philosophy of the marriage is not possible without comparison and contrast. One of the most important aspects of this study is the comparison of the marriage in the Islam and Christian. So, the present study, reviews the philosophy of the marriage in Islam and Christian, and then compares them. The main achievement of this study is that both of these religions believe that the only legitimate way to satisfy the sexual needs, make new generation and gaining love is the marriage. But there is a fundamental differences between these two religions. Monasticism and celibacy in the Christian has a special position. Christian considers the celibacy as the mean for being near to God, but in Islam the celibacy is completely rejected. Not only the marriage does not block the way to being near to the God, but also it can be the mean to reach the God
The Comparative Study of the Marriage in Islam and Christianity (Review Completed - Accepted)
The best way to identify a phenomenon is a comprehensive study and reviewing it, in various perspectives. Comprehensive study and understanding the philosophy of the marriage is not possible without comparison and contrast. One of the most important aspects of this study is the comparison of the marriage in the Islam and Christian. So, the present study, reviews the philosophy of the marriage in Islam and Christian, and then compares them. The mainachievementof this study is that both of these religions believe that the only legitimate way to satisfy the sexual needs, make new generation and gaining love is the marriage. But there is a fundamental differences between these two religions. Monasticism and celibacy in the Christian has a special position. Christian considers the celibacy as the mean for being near to God, but in Islam the celibacy is completely rejected. Not only themarriage does not block the way to being near to the God, but also it can be the mean to reach the God
RECREATIONAL EDUCATION IN ISLAM (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study is a primary attempt to depict the concept of recreational education in Islam along with its forms and principles.The study relied on descriptive and analytical methods to present the concept of recreational education, its constraints, objectives, divisions, and applications from an Islamic perspective.
The study concludes to confirm that Islam preceded all human theories and philosophies in rooting the recreational education in theory and practice, and in attracting attention to the need to develop and deploy the concepts of recreational education and its applications by the institutions concerned
RECREATIONAL EDUCATION IN ISLAM (Published)
This study is a primary attempt to depict the concept of recreational education in Islam along with its forms and principles. The study relied on descriptive and analytical methods to present the concept of recreational education, its constraints, objectives, divisions, and applications from an Islamic perspective.The study concludes to confirm that Islam preceded all human theories and philosophies in rooting the recreational education in theory and practice, and in attracting attention to the need to develop and deploy the concepts of recreational education and its applications by the institutions concerned
Marriage is a part of life as well as society. This paper seeks to answer the issue pertaining to the practicability of interfaith marriage in Malaysia. The terms ‘interfaith marriage’ denote marital union wherein the partners belong to the different faith or religion. The definition of interfaith marriage as well as its type will be discussed in detail hereinafter. For the purpose of this paper, our main concern will be on the issue of interfaith marriage in which one of the parties to such marriage is professing Islam while another is ahl al-Kitab (people of the Book). I have based my opinion on primary sources of Shari’ah i.e. Al Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet (S.A.W). I also refer the purpose or Objective of Shari’ah (maqasid al sharia) as well as Principle of the law (al qawa’id al fiqhiyyah)
ISLAMIC POLITICAL ORDER AS A MODEL OF POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Published)
The continues encroachment by the US and its allies to challenge the Islamic form of government as alternative to the modern secular system coming at a time when both the West and Muslim scholars remain divided in their assessment of the Islamic system of democracy. Perhaps, unlike Christianity, Islam does not separate religion from state, and many Muslims argue it is a political Islam not political “Islam that requires explanation”. As such, many Islamist or Islamic political order (democratic parties) existed in almost every democracy with a Muslim majority. As a result, many Islamic groups are also working in different parts of world to adopt non violent resistance of Western political, social, cultural and technological ways of governance particularly so in Egypt, Algeria, Iran, and Turkey advocated and practiced “Westernization”. However, this has made them to become a disorder countries having deviated from the Islamic system of democracy. The pattern of western politics is completely different from the Islamic form of politics, where the mission and purpose are far ahead. While Islamic pattern of politics and other economic vices largely depicted in the Holy Qur’an and Sunna (tradition) of the prophet Muhammad (SAW), on the other hand, the western politics and other socioeconomic devices are purely derived from man-made laws which were designed only to perpetuate the interest of the West.