Investigating Reading Deficiencies in Students: A Case Study of Girls’ Secondary School, Ikenegbu, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria (Published)
Reading, as a basic communication skill, should be acquired by every second language (L2) learner of English to enable the learner fully integrate into the present technological and scientific age. This study investigates the reading deficiencies in students of Girls’ Secondary School Ikenegbu, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. The objectives are to identify students’ reading faults and speed, and proffer solutions to them. Three research questions guide the study, one of which is to what extent do reading faults hinder the L2 reader of English? The theoretical framework is based on the Psycholinguistic Theory of Reading. The findings are that though there are reading faults identified, over 80% of the students are able to overcome their challenges. The study recommends, among others, that adequate and consistent reading comprehension exercises be regularly administered to help students overcome the challenges
The study investigates directors tunnelling in Nigeria drawing samples from listed non-finance firms on the floor of the Nigerian Exchange Group market. While directors tunnelling proxied by directors’ remuneration is the dependent variable, the independent variables adopted for this study includes ownership concentration, big4 auditors, capital structure and cash holding. Furthermore, in line with related extant literature, we employed the variable of firm size to control our model. Data set employed in this study spans through the periods between 2011 and 2020. In the light of this, the empirical result of this study leads to the conclusion that out of the four independent variables adopted in this study, only big4 auditors and capital structure significantly affect directors tunnelling. Specifically, we conclude that when a big4 firm audit the accounts of the firms in our sample, directors tunnelling declines. Similarly, we conclude that the more a firm finances their operations through debt, directors tunnelling declines. Succinctly, we recommend that firms should strive towards debt financing while also seeking to employ the services of big4 auditors to keep at bay tunnelling among listed non-finance firms.
Citation: Aluwong Dogara Blessed (2022) Investigating Tunneling from Nigerian non-finance Listed Companies, International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol.10, No.1, pp.13-25
INVESTIGATING AND PROSECUTING INTERNATIONAL CRIMES DOMESTICALLY: RETHINKING INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW (Published)
International crimes are breaches of international rules entailing the personal criminal liability of the individuals concerned (as opposed to the responsibility of the state of which the individual may act as organs). This article examines the concept of international crimes, universal jurisdiction and the accountability machineries. This article canvasses for building of local capacity for domestic prosecution of international crimes. The authors submit that internalization of justice should be the last resort