Tag Archives: Intertextuality

Intertextuality between T. S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” And Mahmoud Darwish’s “The Land’s Poem” (Published)

This paper aims at investigating the intertextuality between T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” and Mahmoud Darwish’s “The Land’s Poem”. The previous literature in the field yields a lack of employing the focal term in this article, intertextuality, in comparing the impact of Eliot on Darwish. Moreover, the earlier attempts have focused on other poems by the two writers. Besides, this article is limited to the employment of allusion as a type of intertextuality. It is found out that Darwish has been successful in employing intertextual allusions from Eliot’s Land into his Land retaining his own theme and style in his prosperous poem. The most highlighted intertextual allusions in Eliot’s impact on Darwish are the cultural, religious, and the literary, and all observe the contextual differences.

Citation: Tafla Omar Al-sowail, Wiam Obaid Ghasan, and Rasha Saeed Badurais (2022) Intertextuality between T. S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” And Mahmoud Darwish’s “The Land’s Poem”, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.10, No.1, pp.31-41

Keywords: Darwish, Eliot, Intertextuality, “The Land's Poem”, “The Waste Land”

Intertextuality As A Vital Aspect Of Literary Creativity: A Study of Chimamanda’s Purple Hibiscus (Published)

Some critical theories have evolved over the years following Plato’s inauguration of enquiries into the nature and value of literature. Some of them are mimesis, pragmatism, autobiography, and so on. Each theory covers a certain province in the universe of literary creativity and criticism.  Mimetic theory for instance is concerned with literature as imitation; and pragmatic theory seeks to ascertain the effect of literature on individuals and society. Autobiographical theory dwells on the creative writer and their inspiration; and Reader Response theory describes the position of the reader in the creative process; while formalism designates and treats the text as an autonomous entity. One aspect of literary creativity and criticism, intertextuality, has however not been given so much attention despite its enormous presence in the arena of modern literary practicum. Foregrounded by German Julia Kristeva as a vital aspect of literary creativity, intertextuality designates a literary text as a field for the display of influences by some other texts written before it.  This study undertakes a critical validation of Kristeva’s postulation with an intertextual survey of the world of Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. It was discovered that Purple Hibiscus shows evidences of her having read innumerable literary texts prior to her writing it, so that the novel demonstrates identifiable inter-textual relationship with a lot of other literary works written before it.

Keywords: Chimamanda Adichie, Chinua Achebe, Intertextuality, Julia Kristeva, Purple Hibiscus

Post-Modern Meaning of Musical Art (Published)

Post-modernism which has penetrated every sphere of being found vast space and fertile soil in music. Post-modern music is a qualitatively new event. This is proved by the syntheses of musical vocabulary, different artistic layers and structures.

Keywords: Double Coding, Eclecticism, Intertextuality, Music, Post-Modernism


This study seeks to examine the relationship between Aḥmad Shawqī’s The Death of Cleopatra (Shawqī 1929), one of the early Arabic poetic plays, and Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra (1607). The study provides a rationale as to the reasons behind assuming an existence of influences over Shawqī as he set out to write this play, proving all along Shawqī’s incontrovertible prior knowledge of Shakespeare’s Tragedies, particularly Antony and Cleopatra. The study ventures beyond the mere scrutiny of a literary work- together with the nonliterary details derived from history, for example- to an evaluation of Shawqī’s adaptation of Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra. The study reveals that Shawqī was unquestionably reproducing Antony and Cleopatra when he wrote his play. This reproduction figures in many forms: borrowing, paraphrasing, stilisierung simulation, etc. Apart from these strategies of imitation, the study, however, sheds light on the poetic elements where Shawqī showcases his originality as a playwright who reframes what he adapts from Shakespeare and Plutarch (See Plutarch 1950, pp. 441-488) to be in line with his own literary thought and ideological philosophies.

Keywords: Cleopatra, Intertextuality, Literary Influence, Shakespeare, Shawqī

Employment of Manifest Intertextuality in Geology and Applied Linguistics Ph.D. Theses: A Social Constructionist Perspective (Review Completed - Accepted)

Manifest intertextuality is a concomitant of all academic discourse which is by necessity a creative blend of the words of the writer of the text and his predecessors, with the objective of integrating the current knowledge within the accredited facts of the discipline. Hence, this study explores the overall use of intertextual links in a corpus of (8) Geology and (8) Applied Linguistics Ph.D theses by Sudanese students. It was revealed that intertextuality employment is dictated by worldviews of disciplinary clusters (the hard-soft axis) and, thus, there were overt variations in the use of this feature between the two fields. The abundance of intertextual ties in Applied Linguistics and their dearth in Geology are due to the interdisciplinary nature of Applied Linguistics where dispersed strands have to be woven together into a coherent fabric to build a shared ethos between writer and reader. In contrast, the objectives, linear and cumulative nature of Geology largely omits such a need, as a great deal of procedural expertise is presupposed. Also, while Geology (a hard science) relied on human – evacuated, phenomena – prominent non -integral citations, Applied linguistics (a social science) tended to bring human agency to the limelight through integral citations. Also, nominalization in citation structures in Geology was meant to identify the terminological report –based nature of the field while there was an emphasis in Applied Linguistics on textual constructs and verbal processes.

Keywords: Citation, Discipline, Genre Analysis, Intertextuality, Niche, Ph.D. Theses