Post-Modern Meaning of Musical Art (Published)
Post-modernism which has penetrated every sphere of being found vast space and fertile soil in music. Post-modern music is a qualitatively new event. This is proved by the syntheses of musical vocabulary, different artistic layers and structures.
This study seeks to examine the relationship between Aḥmad Shawqī’s The Death of Cleopatra (Shawqī 1929), one of the early Arabic poetic plays, and Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra (1607). The study provides a rationale as to the reasons behind assuming an existence of influences over Shawqī as he set out to write this play, proving all along Shawqī’s incontrovertible prior knowledge of Shakespeare’s Tragedies, particularly Antony and Cleopatra. The study ventures beyond the mere scrutiny of a literary work- together with the nonliterary details derived from history, for example- to an evaluation of Shawqī’s adaptation of Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra. The study reveals that Shawqī was unquestionably reproducing Antony and Cleopatra when he wrote his play. This reproduction figures in many forms: borrowing, paraphrasing, stilisierung simulation, etc. Apart from these strategies of imitation, the study, however, sheds light on the poetic elements where Shawqī showcases his originality as a playwright who reframes what he adapts from Shakespeare and Plutarch (See Plutarch 1950, pp. 441-488) to be in line with his own literary thought and ideological philosophies.
Employment of Manifest Intertextuality in Geology and Applied Linguistics Ph.D. Theses: A Social Constructionist Perspective (Review Completed - Accepted)
Manifest intertextuality is a concomitant of all academic discourse which is by necessity a creative blend of the words of the writer of the text and his predecessors, with the objective of integrating the current knowledge within the accredited facts of the discipline. Hence, this study explores the overall use of intertextual links in a corpus of (8) Geology and (8) Applied Linguistics Ph.D theses by Sudanese students. It was revealed that intertextuality employment is dictated by worldviews of disciplinary clusters (the hard-soft axis) and, thus, there were overt variations in the use of this feature between the two fields. The abundance of intertextual ties in Applied Linguistics and their dearth in Geology are due to the interdisciplinary nature of Applied Linguistics where dispersed strands have to be woven together into a coherent fabric to build a shared ethos between writer and reader. In contrast, the objectives, linear and cumulative nature of Geology largely omits such a need, as a great deal of procedural expertise is presupposed. Also, while Geology (a hard science) relied on human – evacuated, phenomena – prominent non -integral citations, Applied linguistics (a social science) tended to bring human agency to the limelight through integral citations. Also, nominalization in citation structures in Geology was meant to identify the terminological report –based nature of the field while there was an emphasis in Applied Linguistics on textual constructs and verbal processes.