Boundary Disputes and Its Socioeconomic Effects on Some Selected Communities of Delta State, Nigeria, (Published)
Boundary conflicts have been one of the major problems affecting the socio-economic activities of most settlements over time. The study is aimed at the socio-economic effects of boundary and land disputes in some selected communities of Delta State, Nigeria. Data for the study was generated through the distribution questionnaires, which was administered to 400 respondents divided into eighty (80) each in the five areas of administration. In order to elicit more information, questionnaires were administered to both internally displaced persons and those living near the boundaries of the communities and a systematic sampling technique was used in achieving this. The finding of the study shows that boundary and land disputes have an enormous effect on the socio-economic activities of the inhabitant of the identified communities, such as loss of lives and properties, government spending huge amounts to cater for internally displaced persons, loss of income and farmland, and reduction of food production. It was therefore recommended that both the government and individuals in such communities should be proactive in handling issues related to such conflict resulting from boundary and land disputes.
Challenges of Internally Displased Persons (IDPS) in Bakassi IDP Camps in Cross River State: The Roles of Social Workers and Non-Governmental Agencies (Published)
Displacement remains arguably the most significant humanitarian challenge globally, as the number of IDPs continues to increase. This study, examines the challenges of internally displaced persons in Bakassi IDP camp in Cross River State in Nigeria, the roles of social workers, government and non-governmental organization.150 respondents from the 4 blocks in Bakassi IDP camp in Cross River state were surveyed using availability sampling technique. 100% returned questionnaires were analysed using bar, pie and line charts, while Indebt Interview complimented the quantitative data.Finding from this study revealed that IDPs face overwhelming challenges in Bakassi IDP camp. The respondents were positive on Social workers and NGOs meaningful contributions to the IDPs, but on the negative, they emphasised the need for an improved intervention.The findings provided a better understanding of the challenges faced by IDPs and the roles of social workers and NGOs therein. Thus, suggesting the need for a collaborative effort in ameliorating their plight.
Collaboration and the Provision of Child Health Care Service in Internally Displaced Persons Camps in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)
The Boko Haram Terrorism has led to the displacement of a lot of people in Borno State. Majority of those displaced are children and are leaving in Maiduguri, the Borno State Capital. These children are mostly affected especially their health status. The need for the provision of effective health services for them cannot be over emphasized and this can be facilitated through collaboration among agencies. This study therefore, guided by the obligatory humanistic theory, assesses the impact of collaboration among agencies on the provision of healthcare for Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Borno State. The study was conducted in the eleven (11) official camps in Maiduguri. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques in generating data. In the case of primary data, questionnaire were administerd to government officials, Interview conducted with NGOs, and Focus Group Discussion was conducted with IDPs, while the secondary data were official records from Borno both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis of the data obtained. The study found out there was agreement among the respondents that there health status of children in the camp has improved. There are health facilities in all the camps in Maiduguri which is maintained by both government health officials and NGOs. These agencies are saddled with the responsibilities of provision of qualitative child health care services and the services are collaboratively provided. There are consistent immunization services for the children by both the government and the NGOs. The total number of successful deliveries in the camps from 2014 to 2017 was 19097. This success was owing to qualitative antenatal care services. The study concludes that collaboration has been effective in the provision of healthcare needs of pediatrics in IDPs camps in Maiduguri. The study, therefore, recommends among others that agencies should work out a modality to ensuring that such facilities are provided in their return and reintegration efforts.
Social cohesion and reintegration among internal displaced persons (IDPs) in selected local Government areas in Borno State (Published)
In recent years specifically beginning from 2009 Borno and its neighbouring states of; Adamawa, yobe, Gombe and Bauchi all in north east Nigeria have experience steadily growth in insecurity yoke as a result of what initially started as a protest by a radical Islamic group the Jamaatul ahlussunah liddawati wal jihadi popularly known as the Boko Haram . The group accused the Nigeria security operatives of extra-judicious killing its spiritual leader Muhammad Yusuf. By 2014 the boko haram activities have reached its climax as the insurgents have taken control over 17 local government areas in Borno state, seven in Adamawa state and two others in yobe state thereby forcing many residents of the affected communities to flee for safety and settled in relatively safe areas as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) . One of the area’s most hit by the insurgency is social fabric of the affected communities. It is against this background that this study assesses the social cohesion and reintegration challenges affecting selected communities in Borno state. This study depends on primary data sourced from the internally displaced persons: community leaders, traditional leaders, women groups, youth’s groups, civilian JTF and Government officials. The major instruments for the research are: key informant interview (KII) and Focused Group Discussions (FGD). The KII was conducted with 20 respondents in each of the selected local government areas: In the case of the FGD five groups were selected in each local government area .The study revealed the experience of the IDPs as a nightmare scenario, the most challenging, unpleasant and nasty moment which include lack of access to sustainable livelihood (shelter, food and water) and forced migration In addition to unprecedented poverty, and complete dependence, family dislocation, psychological trauma as a result of disconnection with parents other family members and relations in addition to gory scenes of killings and inhuman torture and gender based and sexual violence including rape and abduction. Similarly the IDPs have also shown overwhelming zeal and desire to return and re-unite with other members of the communities with whom they have lost contact for more than five years although with apprehension of infiltration by some elements of the Boko-haram insurgents. The major obstacles to social cohesion and reintegration however is the dwindling state of sources of livelihood : shelter , food ,water and other social services including schools, health facilities, security, electricity , communications and above all the palpable tension built up resulting from the deep rooted acrimony. To fast track the process of reintegration, the community leaders need to demonstrate trust, fairness among subjects.
Evaluation of the Health Profile and Social Needs of Adults in the Internally Displaced Persons Camp, Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria (Published)
Conflicts and disasters usually result into large scale displacement of victims. This was true of displacement associated with Boko haram Insurgency in the Northern parts of Nigeria. This study was carried out to evaluate the health profile and social needs of Adults in the internally displaced persons camp in Abuja. Three hundred and ninety-two (392) respondents were selected for the study using Taro Yamane formula for sample determination. The study adopted multistage sampling technique. The study adopted cross sectional research design. Three research questions were answered while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using SPSS version 18. Results showed that majority of respondents were female 210 (55.3%), Christians were more than Muslims 218 (57.4). majority of respondents were married 229 (60.3) while 162 (42.6%) were employed. Majority of the respondents showed varied degrees of health problems while they all showed various degrees of social needs. It was concluded that internally displaced persons experienced emotional, psychosocial as well as physical health problems. It was suggested that government and non-governmental agencies should do everything possible to address the health and social support needs of these displaced persons.
One-Window Solution to Skills Development of War-Struck Youth of Northern Region of Pakistan (Published)
The counter terrorism operations have severely affected the residents of Khyber PakhtunKhwa (KPK) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) due to their displacement, loss of jobs, businesses, homes, friends and means of education. Making these regions Taliban-free is not enough; the government of Pakistan needs to offer a one-window solution to sustainable economic independence of the people in the war-struck regions. They must be equipped with vocational skills in employment promising sectors in Pakistan as well as in international markets. The one-window solution for high quality skills development system can be achieved by focusing on curriculum development, job placement in industry & self-employment generation, as a whole process. The working mechanism of technical training institutes must include industry leaders, relevant government bodies, micro-finance creditors, training providers & other stake holders as associates who will work as consortium to provide one window solution for developing employment generation skills amongst the unemployed & unprivileged section of society and improving their living standards.