Most indicators of social – economic welfare in Elbasan region show a duality that shows a big difference between rural – urban areas, for indicators such as: living standards including health, income and access of different types of employment. As a result of high rates of growth population is noted involvement of young people entering every year in the labor force. In order to employ the large number of young people, able to work, Elbasan district should create hundreds of job opportunities every year for new entrants in the labor force. Considering the large number of new entrants in the labor force, entering every year is shown un unemployment rate . I have made my choice to realize my scientific research in the field of rural – urban migration. I ask partly growing academic interest in the study of internal migration in less developed countries.
Effect of Rural-Urban Migrants’ Remittances on Household Food Security in Delta Central Agricultural Zone, Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
This study was purposed to assess the contribution of rural-urban migrants’ remittances on household food security in Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Three (3) local government areas were randomly selected for this study from where three (3) rural communities were also randomly selected and 165 household heads were purposively selected from the communities. Primary data were collected from these household heads. Most household heads in the migrants’ households were males with average age of 55.5 years, were married and had one form of formal education or the other. They had average farming experience of 21.30 years and average household size of 8.0 persons. Most migrated household members were in the age bracket of 20-30 years. The migrants remitted more money back home than was remitted to them. The food security index was 0.64. Remittances from migrated household member had significant and positive relationship with household security. It was recommended that rural-urban migrants’ should continue to remit money to their households for continuous provision of food for the household members back home.
In my choice of realizing this scientific research in the field of rural – urban migration, I partly ask to wake up the academic interest in the study of internal migration in countries which are not much developed. By the difficultieswhich face the population of Elbasan district on finding a productive employment, it is important to study the characteristics of workers who migrate from rural to urban areas.The Youth in rural areas, where the economic base is largely concentrated in agriculture, they face with the different problems of employment from those faced by young people in urban areas, where the economic base is more variable. It is also important to examine what strategies follow the young, men and women who live in rural areas where they face with limited economic opportunitiesDo they migrate? What are the strategies of motivation and choice of migration at rural migrants who migrate to urban areas, and also differentiate themselves these migrants from the rest of those who do not migrate, so stay in the village, and the migrants who choose other destinations to migrate ? What are the mechanisms and networks of migration, for example in terms of origin village , social and family networks, ways of traveling, and the type of migration (temporary, permanent, seasonal, return visits, etc.)? What are the basic demographic characteristics and socio – economic of employees in rural areas? These are some of the key questions that will be answered in continuation of article.
Internal Migration and Language Attrition among Migrants in Selected New Settlements in Wilberforce Island of Bayelsa State (Published)
The article examined the impact of internal migration on the first language (L1) of immigrants in selected new settlements. The study adopted classic assimilation theory as the theoretical framework, while cross sectional research design was utilized for the study. The findings showed that there was first language (L1) loss among the immigrants in the new settlements as depicted by most immigrants significantly experiencing difficulties in writing and readability of their native languages (L1) when written in books among other diminishing effects of native language morphology. Finding also revealed that speaking of new dialects as language coping strategy ranging from pidginization and koineization by the immigrants in the new settlements due to diversity in the first languages (L1) were commonly used. The paper therefore concluded that internal migration results to first language loss especially in the area of first language lexicon and grammatical structure. In view of the findings, to cushion the effects of this socio-demographic phenomenon on native language, efforts to incorporate the study of local languages in basic education curriculum as well as facilitating programmes that will encourage the use of local languages among immigrants of the same streams should be advocated.