The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of internal audit independence and objectivity on internal audit effectiveness in the Malaysian context. A quantitative method was applied based on a questionnaire which has been distributed to the internal auditors who are members of the Institute of Internal Auditors Malaysia (IIAM). A valid 119 responses have been collected. A Structural Equation Modeling technique (SEM) was employed using SmartPLS 3 to analyze and interpret the data. The findings revealed that internal audit independence was positively affecting internal audit effectiveness. However, the effect of internal audit objectivity does not appear in the relationship with internal audit effectiveness. This study provides useful information to both academics and practitioners of internal auditing in highlighting the importance and the effect of internal audit characteristics in improving the effectiveness of internal auditors.
THE ADOPTION OF RISK BASED INTERNAL AUDITING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF GHANAIAN COMPANIES (Published)
The study investigated the adoption of Risk Based Internal Audit in Ghana, the factors that influence the adoption or non adoption of Risk Based Internal Audit amongst Ghanaian Companies. The involvement of internal auditors in risk assessment was also assessed in the context of Enterprise Risk Management. The study employed Pearson’s chi-square test of independence model at a p-value of 0.05. It was observed that risk based approach to internal auditing is widely used amongst Ghana’s Club 100 companies, especially amongst financial, Telecommunications, and Manufacturing companies. The study again found out that, there is high involvement of IA in risk management which translated to the use of risk based approaches in planning annual audits. Regulation the study observed is not a driver of adoption of RBIA in Ghana. The main factor that motivated the adoption of RBIA was, RBIA helped these organizations to focus on high risks priority areas
Financial crisis that emerged in the international markets and accounting abuses as Enron, Worldcom in the U.S.A. that brought out the need of detection of the risks that organisations will encounter in the future and the management of these risks. Organisations to use risk management as an auxiliary tool in order to reach the stated targets raised management’ expectation about adding value of internal auditing. Risk based internal auditing which is the present latest stage of internal auditing and which brings to create achievement that having expected from internal auditing place the retrospective point of view the conventional control mentality on one side and had focused on risks that organisations will encounter. As to achieve succeess in the risk based internal auditing is possible with an effective risk assessment studies performed within this period. Risk findings obtained as a result of risk assessment studies constitute an important support to internal auditors at the stage designing of plannimg. In this study, risk based internal auditing which constitutes of today’s internal auditing mentality is tried to explained and risk assessment studies which are this process’ the most important stage has been considered within the scope of internal auditing units performed studies.