Mother-Tongue Influence on the Spoken English of ESL Students in Upper West Region Ghana (Published)
This paper examines the influence of Dagaare on the spoken English of Senior High School (SHS) students in the Upper West Region, Ghana whose mother tongue is Dagaare. Using the case study design, the article examines how pervasive the phenomenon is among Dagaare speakers of the English language among Senior High School students in the Upper West Region specifically and Ghana as a whole. Dagaare is in a language contact situation with the English language where the latter is the official language in Ghana. This study shows that Dagaare interferes with the spoken English of SHS students who have Dagaare as their L1 because of transfer of Dagaare linguistic features into English. This is premised on their assumption that Dagaare and English have the same speech sounds. The researcher recommends among others that the speech sounds of Ghanaian languages like Dagaare and English must be taught deliberately in order for learners of English as a second language to know their differences in order not to interchange them.
The Morphological Interference of Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indoensia and Its Implication to the Teaching Speaking Materials Improvement of Vii Grade Students of Madrasah Mardiyah Islamiyah (Mts Mmi) Penyabungan Ii Mandailing Natal in Narrative Text (Published)
This study aims to find out about the morphological interference of Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indoensia and its implication to the teaching speaking materials improvement of vii grade students of Madrasah Mardiyah Islamiyah (MTS MMI) Penyabungan II Mandailing Natal in narrative text. The research results can be known that in Bahasa Indonesia there is a morphological interference of the students’ Bahasa Mandailing to Bahasa Indonesian like the base word, affixation and reduplication. The research found the realization factor of morphological interference that is internal and external factors. The results of this study have implications for the development of teaching speaking materials in narrative text in the form of materials about narrative essay in which there is a morphology interference of Bahasa Mandailing in Bahasa Indonesia. The results of interview, morphological interference materials of Bahasa Mandailing into Bahasa Indonesia have relevant for the development of teaching speaking materials in narrative text to increase the knowledge about Bahasa Indonesia. The type of research is qualitative research. The method used is descriptive method that tries to describe a phenomenon or symptoms happen in real circumstances. The research data are words in sentences containing morphological interference of Bahasa Mandailing.
AI Based Congestion Relief Method in GSM 900MHZ (Review Completed - Accepted)
It is commonly accepted that the problem of network congestion control remains a critical issue and a high priority, especially given the growing size, demand, and speed of the increasingly integrated services networks. This is where the need for an intelligent multi criteria handoff algorithm becomes apparent. Efficient load balancing algorithm is important in serving more mobile stations in the wireless networks.
This paper presents the design and implementation of a fuzzy multi-criteria handoff algorithm based on signal strength, path-loss and traffic load of base stations and the received signal to interference ratio as to balance traffic in all the neighboring sites at any time. This can be achieved by using Fuzzy Logic.
The proposed algorithm is able to balance load of the base station by handing off some ongoing calls on cell edge in highly loaded cells to migrate to overlapping under-loaded cells, such that the coverage area of loaded BTS virtually shrunk towards cell center of a loaded sector. In case of low load scenarios, the coverage area of a BTS is presumed to be virtually widened to cover up to the partial serving area of neighboring BTS. This helps a highly loaded neighboring BTS.
Interlingual Interference in English Language Order of Prenominal Adjectives: A Context of Iranian Pre-advanced Learners (Review Completed - Accepted)
In their study of English as a Second or as a foreign Language, students learn that some adjectives can be used to modify a subject in a sentence. So, they must be very careful in using the adjectives in correct order in the sentence. Because there is the issue of wrong ordering of adjectives, learners of English as a Second Language well must learn the standard order of adjectives in English language such as articles, judgment, size, shape, age, color, nationality , material, purpose, etc. This study aimed at investigating the interference of L1 (Persian) syntactic structures on L2 (English) Order of Prenominal Adjectives amongst Iranian learners of English. The focus of the study was on the errors committed by Iranian EFL learners in using one special order within simple sentence structure. To find out the impact of their L1 adjective order on their L2 choice of adjectival structures, the errors committed by two groups of EFL learners were investigated. To achieve these objectives, a multiple-choice test was utilized in this study. The findings of the study suggest that the subjects committed a total of 360 interlingual errors with respect to English sentences adjective order. Based on these findings, pedagogical implications such as the major causes of such errors in classroom and communication contexts for language instructors and material designers are discussed. This way, useful and applicable decisions to detect these errors and erroneous structures can be made so that the percentages of errors in this specific case of English structure can be reduced. The implications for material developers are mostly to draw their attention toward designing more tasked-based course books for Iranian English learners, so that this approach becomes the dominant one in teaching contexts and classrooms .The findings also suggested that instructing the adjective order of English using some task-based practices such as role playing and accomplishing some tasks in the form of real life scenarios would help learners accomplish the objectives of learning English grammar.