Tag Archives: Interest

Influence of Fieldtrips and Video Technology Methods on Students’ Interest in Social Studies (Published)

The study examined the influence of fieldtrips and video technology on students’ interest in Social Studies in Port Harcourt Local Government Area of Rivers State. One research question and a corresponding hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design which made use of pre-test, post-test, non-randomized, non-equivalent, control group design. From a population of 6, 240 Social Studies students which are made up of 2, 467 males and 3, 773 females of 13 schools in Port Harcourt LGA, 195 JSS II Social Studies students of three intact classes randomly drawn from three Government co-educational Secondary Schools constituted the sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was a researcher constructed questionnaire, titled, “Social Studies Students Interest Questionnaire (SSSIQ)” which was designed on a 4 point Likert like scale of VGE= Very Great Extent, GE=Great Extent, LE=Low Extent, and VLE=Very Low Extent, with 10 items statement, requiring the students to state their interest level on the instructional strategies before and after the instruction. The instrument was validated and had a reliability coefficient of 0.63 through Pearson Product Moment Correlation technique for a measure of its stability over time. The study was conducted for seven (7) weeks but, the main instruction lasted for four (4) weeks. The pre-interest score and the post-interest scores were then subjected to statistical analysis via Mean, standard deviation and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The results obtained showed that there was an increase in the level of students’ interest on both instructional strategies after been taught. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the interest of Social Studies students taught with fieldtrips and those taught with video technology. Based on the finding, it was concluded that both methods of teaching equally influences students’ interest in studying Social studies. Thus, it is recommended that educational policy makers should encourage the use of field-trips and video-technology which has the capacity of arousing students’ interest, and this will in turn facilitate learning that will promote academic success.

Keywords: Interest, Social Studies, fieldtrips, video technology

Analysing Stock Market Reaction to Macroeconomic Variables: Evidence from Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) (Published)

This study examined the impact of some selected macroeconomic variables on stock market performance in the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). The study adopted all share index (ASI) as proxy for stock market performance and the dependent variable, while the selected macroeconomic variables included broad money supply (BMS), interest rate (ITR), inflation rate (IFR), and exchange rate (EXR) used as the independent variables. Secondary data for the variables was sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletins covering the period 1985 to 2017. The study employed multiple regression technique, Augmented Dickey-Fuller unit root test, Johansen co-integration test and Error Correction Model (ECM) based on the E-views 9.0 software as methods of data analysis. The analysis of data revealed that a long-run equilibrium and short-run dynamic relationships existed between the selected macroeconomic variables and stock market performance in the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Overall, the empirical results showed that all the independent variables had significant influence on stock market performance. The impact of the individual macroeconomic variables indicated that broad money supply and exchange rate had significant positive effect on all share-index, while interest rate and inflation rate exhibited an inverse relationship with all-share index. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the monetary authorities should put in place sound monetary policies that would bring about positive developments in the stock market.

Keywords: All share index, Exchange Rates, Inflation, Interest, Money Supply, Stock Market

Interest Is Considered As Sin Nevertheless Commercial Banking Reliant On It: A Detailed Study in the Context of Major Religions in the World (Published)

This paper is unique in the sense that authors are raising a very sensitive issue of interest which is prohibited in almost all divine religions. We do not claim ourselves as an authority on religious matters however have taken the courage raise discussion among scholars and intellectuals to find a way where conventional banking harmonizes with economies that consider interest contradictory to religious thoughts.  This paper is simply looking into different religions’ point of view about interest and explores whether all or some factors of conventional banking contradict with religious values. In case we identify there are few factors that contradict with religious values then could these factors be replaced to integrate major divine religions’ economics thoughts. Interest is a very interesting thing; almost in all major religion Interest isSin including Judaism, however one side in Judaism, the Torah and Talmud encourage the granting of loans if they do not engage interest, on the other hand the halakhah [applicable Jewish law] on the subject of without charge loans pertain only to loans through the other Jews but it is tolerable to provide loans with Interest to non-Jews. Commercial Banking legal inference of all theories of Interest are based on that money has been treat as an article of trade. It is, therefore, squabble that just as a merchant can sell his article of trade for a higher price than his expenditure, he can also sell his money for a higher price than its face value, or just as he can rent his property and can have some remuneration against it. Commercial Bank can also let somebody to use its money and can claim some kind of remuneration thereupon. As per Encyclopedia Britannica, “In Old English law, the taking of any compensation whatsoever was termed usury. With the spreading out of trade in the 13th century, however, the requirement for loan amplified, dictated an amendment in the characterization of the word. Usury then was functional to overpriced or unconscionable Interest charges. In 1545 England set an officially permitted or upper limit interest; every sum in glut of the upper limit was usury. The practice of setting a legal maximum on Interest rates was later followed by most states of the United States and most other Western nations.”

Keywords: Commercial Banking, Interest, Legitimate, Sin, Usury

The Moderating Role of Biographic Variables on the Attitudes of Students towards Sport at Botho University (Published)

The purpose of this study was to show how biographic variables that include gender, age and level of study moderate a student’s attitude towards sport. A number of studies have been conducted on the influence of biographic variables the world over but none had been conducted at Botho University (BU) to examine the attitude of students towards sport in relation to these variables hence the current study. The study used 237 students across different levels of education from first years to final fourth year students. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Results were analysed using SPSS version 21. Results of the study showed that across gender and education levels, students had a positive attitude towards sport. However, results also showed that age had a significant influence on the attitude of students towards sport as older students showed low levels/negative attitudes to sport than younger students.

Keywords: Attitudes, Beliefs, Biographic Variables, Interest, Sport

Implementation of Experiential Marketing Strategy to Obtain Communities Interest to Visit the Maimun Palace – Medan (Published)

Maimun Palace is one of the icons of Medan city, North Sumatra. This palace is the majestic palace of Deli Sultanate. Currently, Deli Palace is poorly maintained due to lack of funds. Therefore, it is necessary to attempt to increase the number of visitors. One of the ways is by using experiential marketing strategy. The essence of experiential marketing concept is marketing and management driven by the experiences. Experiential marketing consists of five types, namely sense, feel, think, act, and relate. The basis of forming experiential marketing is SWOT analysis (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and threats)This study aims to 1) develop a model of the implementation of experiential marketing strategy based on strength, weakness, opportunity or threat; 2) pattern that forms the interest of customers based on the concept of experiential marketing strategy. The approach in this study was a qualitative approach. The method used was descriptive-exploratory method used to identify various strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats used as the basis for the formation of experiential marketing strategy. The sample consisted of 98 respondents selected by purposive random sampling method.The strength of Maimun Palace is a unique building and antique furnishings describing Malay, Arabic, Spanish, and Chinese cultures. In addition, the Malay culture has an attractive dance, interesting food and clothes. The weaknesses are poorly-maintained building, the absence of Malay cultural attractions, parks not maintained, and Tourguides not friendly. The opportunities for Maimun Palace are many tourists who come to Medan, but the tourists do not visit the Maimun Palace. Experiential marketing strategy that can be performed is to invite visitors to dance, eat together in the style of Malay, involved in the sultanate events.

Keywords: Interest, and SWOT analysis, experiential marketing

Implementation of Experiential Marketing Strategy to Obtain Communities Interest to Visit the Maimun Palace – Medan (Review Completed - Accepted)

Maimun Palace is one of the icons of Medan city, North Sumatra. This palace is the majestic palace of Deli Sultanate. Currently, Deli Palace is poorly maintained due to lack of funds. Therefore, it is necessary to attempt to increase the number of visitors. One of the ways is by using experiential marketing strategy. The essence of experiential marketing concept is marketing and management driven by the experiences. Experiential marketing consists of five types, namely sense, feel, think, act, and relate. The basis of forming experiential marketing is SWOT analysis (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and threats)
This study aims to 1) develop a model of the implementation of experiential marketing strategy based on strength, weakness, opportunity or threat; 2) pattern that forms the interest of customers based on the concept of experiential marketing strategy. The approach in this study was a qualitative approach. The method used was descriptive-exploratory method used to identify various strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats used as the basis for the formation of experiential marketing strategy. The sample consisted of 98 respondents selected by purposive random sampling method.
The strength of Maimun Palace is a unique building and antique furnishings describing Malay, Arabic, Spanish, and Chinese cultures. In addition, the Malay culture has an attractive dance, interesting food and clothes. The weaknesses are poorly-maintained building, the absence of Malay cultural attractions, parks not maintained, and Tourguides not friendly. The opportunities for Maimun Palace are many tourists who come to Medan, but the tourists do not visit the Maimun Palace. Experiential marketing strategy that can be performed is to invite visitors to dance, eat together in the style of Malay, involved in the sultanate events.

Keywords: Interest, and SWOT analysis, experiential marketing

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS SCIENCE AND ART COURSES (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study did a comparative analysis of the attitude of students towards Science and Art courses. Also, a comparison of the attitude of male and female students towards Arts and Science courses was done. The population consisted of all the students of senior secondary schools from the six south-western states of Nigeria. The sample consisted of 1440 students selected using stratified sampling technique. The instrument used was the Science-Oriented Attitudinal Scale (SOAS) adopted from Omirin (1999). The instrument was already validated by the author, with the item validity coefficients ranging between 0.31 and 0.57, and a reliability coefficient of 0.89. Two null hypotheses were generated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between the attitude of students towards Science and Art courses. The result further showed that the attitude of male and female students towards Science and Art courses are not different. Based on the results of this study, some recommendations were made. It was recommended that teachers should be encouraged to instill positive attitudes in students towards both Science and Art courses. Attitude and interest of students should be used as one of the yardsticks for admission into schools

Keywords: Art courses, Attitudinal scale, Interest, Performance, Positive attitude, Science courses, attitude