Intention to Prolong Work after Retirement among Health Personnel in Nigeria: A Pilot Study (Published)
Citation: Muhammad Anka Nasiru, and Farauk U. Abubakar (2022) Intention to Prolong Work after Retirement among Health Personnel in Nigeria: A Pilot Study, International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research, Vol.8, No.1 pp.40-49
In Nigeria, the severe shortage of registered nurses (RNs) and Registered midwives (RMs) have made the Nigerian government carefully propose a policy to prolong the health personnel working lives. Conversely, little is known about the predictors that influence Intention and actual preparation to extend work life among the selected professionals. Therefore, this pilot study’s objective was to evaluate a small sample data to establish the reliability and validity of the constructs’ measuring instruments under study. This study recruited respondents 40 years or older by sending recruitment e-mails to them, which only 50 questionnaires were usable. The validity and reliability of the instruments were analyzed using SPSS v24 and smartPLS v2.0.The study result shows that the entire adapted constructs were reliable and valid and appropriate for the upcoming main study. Precisely, composite reliability (CR) indicated values of 0.90, 0.89, 0.89, 091, and 0.92 for the constructs of attitude, Intention, perceived behavioral control (PBC), preparation, and subjective norms, respectively, which are all above the threshold value of 0.70.Similarly, the average variance extracted (AVE) and discriminant validity were used to determine its validity. The AVE of the constructs of attitude, intention, PBC, preparation, and subjective norm are 0.82, 0.74, 0.63, 0.73, and 0.74, respectively, which indicated all the values are above the suggested threshold of 0.5. The discriminant validity of the entire constructs was attained because the AVE’s square root for the adapted constructs was more significant than the correlation among other reflective constructs, as specified by the studies embolden values. The current study’s main limitation is that some nurses and midwives could not respond to the e-mailed questionnaire sent to them; only a few respondents completed the questionnaires. Thus, monetary rewards should be offered to the respondents to cover the cost of data.
Knowledge is considered an important source of establishing and maintaining competitive advantages. In the knowledge-based economy, knowledge sharing is increasingly viewed as critical to organizational effectiveness. Knowledge sharing has gained importance in organizations seeking to gain a competitive edge. Specifically, knowledge sharing, and the resulting knowledge creation are crucial for organizations to gain and sustain competitiveness. However, knowledge sharing is challenging in organizations for two reasons: First, individuals’ tacit knowledge, by its very nature, is difficult to transfer. Second, knowledge sharing is typically voluntary. Indeed, effective knowledge sharing is challenging because individuals cannot be compelled to do it. Organizations can manage knowledge resources more effectively only if individuals are willing to share their knowledge with colleagues. To facilitate knowledge sharing among individuals and across organizations, it is essential to understand the factors influencing individuals’ proactive attitude to sharing knowledge. Accordingly, there is a significant amount of research on factors such as shared goals, trust, willingness, motivation and intention, that may influence knowledge sharing behavior in organizations. The aim of this paper is to develop an understanding of the factors supporting or inhibiting individuals’ knowledge sharing behavior. As Oman, like any other countries in the Arab world, faces a somewhat high unemployment, especially among its graduates, providing a secure job may motivate them to engage in knowledge sharing behavior. More studies in knowledge sharing are expected to help decision and policy makers in organization in the Arab world with a reason to support implementing knowledge sharing strategies. Knowledge sharing research will continue to grow, reflecting the significance of knowledge as an important resource to the organization in developing its competitive advantages.