Tag Archives: Integration

Instructional Approaches for the Integration of Cultural Elements in Indigenous. Language Classroom: A Case Study of the Bafut Language (Published)

Language teaching involves culture teaching. This study examines mother tongue teachers’ opinions on the integration of culture elements in the mother tongue classroom. It investigates instructional strategies used by mother tongue teachers in the integration of cultural elements in indigenous language classroom. The study made use of focus group interview with 10 mother tongue literacy teachers. Six key informants were also interviewed. The results showed that, language is a product of culture and must be incorporated as an essential aspect of mother tongue learning and teaching. The results also indicated that, both the mother tongue teachers, and the key informants employ a variety of approaches in the integration of cultural elements in the mother tongue classroom. It is only when cultural elements become an integral part of mother tongue curriculum and instruction, that learners acquire both cultural and communicative competence.

Keywords: Culture, Indigenous Language, Integration, cultural elements, instructional approaches

Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach (Published)

Citation: Tanimu Adamu Jatau Noma, Ali F. Bakr and Zeyad M. El Sayad (2022)  Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach, International Journal of African Society, Cultures and Traditions, Vol.10, No.1, pp.27-38,

Abstract: The development of urban areas is a discourse that has been on-going particularly in Abuja, Nigeria where different modern styles of architecture have emerged in recent years. Yet little is done in the adoption of traditional architecture into the present needs. Therefore, this paper presents the potentials of Hausa traditional architecture, in terms of how architecture still adopts to the various impacts of modernization. A literature-based discourse is pursued in this study. The main keywords are expanded to argue the adaptation of Hausa traditional architectural styles into the present need for development in urban areas. Findings here suggests traditional architecture adapts better to the present developmental needs and the local materials used are less expensive, durable, cost effective. Furthermore, the findings are expected to spur developers as well as the different development control agencies particularly in Abuja to develop models for infrastructural developments. It ends with a discourse that integrates Hausa traditional architecture with urban development.

Keywords: Abuja, Architecture, Hausa, Integration, Traditional, Urban

The Integration of Grammar Translation Method and Individualized Instruction Method in Teaching English for Grade 12 Students (Published)

This study aimed to study grade 12 students’ perceptions of the integration of grammar translation method and individualized instructional method in English subjects in academic year 2020. The participants were 131 students. The questionnaire was employed and was distributed to the participants at the end of academic year 2020 during their last periods in February 2021.  The results revealed that 1) The overall level of perceptions towards the classroom management was excellent (4.74), and the most three perceptions were planning and preparing the lessons (4.80), collecting and grading homework regularly (4.79), and  setting clear goals and expectations for students (4.76), 2) The overall level of perceptions towards the learning activities was excellent (4.77), and the most three perceptions were getting closer to the teachers for discussion (4.87), promoting the way to share ideas with others (4.83), and encouraging to respond the questions asked (4.76), and 3) The overall level of perceptions towards the learning outcomes was excellent (4.63), and the most three perceptions were expressing and sharing ideas freely (4.78), leaning by using grammar translation method and individualized instructional method better than teacher-centered (4.73), and being able to apply learning methods with other subjects (4.69). 

Keywords: Integration, grammar translation method, individualized instruction method, teaching English language

Towards Integration of Ontologies in Healthcare (Published)

Digital health is facing many challenges. Nowadays the use of ontologies in health care has increased and is covering wide range domains in healthcare. Using ontologies may improve the semantic interoperability and also offer the possibility to gain knowledge from them. It is significantly important not only to implement ontologies in healthcare but to integrate them in order to benefit from different ontologies. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of the importance, advantages and challenges in integrating ontologies through a semantic mapping scenario between two ontologies. Integration of ontologies may support the decision-making process of healthcare providers by deriving relationships between different sets of conditions, findings, signs or symptoms.

Keywords: Healthcare, Integration, Mapping, Ontology

Integration of Information Communication Technology in Planning for Instruction in Early Learning in Bungoma County, Kenya (Published)

There is a growing recognition of the many different ways that Information Communication Technology can contribute to, or transform, the activities, roles, and relationships experienced by teachers and in early childhood education settings. The objective of the study was to examine the integration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in planning for instruction in early learning in Bungoma County, Kenya. The study was guided by Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Framework (TPACK) by Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler’s. The study population included Early Childhood Development (ECD) teachers, education officers in charge of ECD in the county and public primary school headteachers. Simple random sampling was used to obtain 177 ECD teachers which is 10% of 1,768 ECD teachers from 884 public primary schools in Bungoma County. The study adopted a descriptive research design. With regard to ICT integration in instruction planning, ECD teachers in Bungoma County perceive that use of ICT is helpful in the pre-planning and post-planning of instruction and the use of ICT helps to make learning concepts more concrete. In addition, the teachers indicated that the use of ICT helps in the preparation of teaching records, such as a teaching plan and a work plan. Teachers, however, perceived that the use of ICT in instruction planning reduced the teacher-learner interaction of the classroom. Providing incentives for a smooth incorporation of technology into education involves students, school managers, curriculum coordinators, and parents to take an active role in assessing the value of curriculum inclusion in the classroom. The study recommends that the government improves the numbers of ICT devices in school to improve on the ratio of the ICT devices per pupil, facilitate ICT training for teachers and lastly, development of local content.

Keywords: Information Communication Technology, Instruction, Integration, Planning

Impact of integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Library Instruction Methodology on students in Federal Universities in Nigeria (Published)

The study is on the impact the integration of ICT in library instruction methodology has on students in federal universities in Nigeria.  The study adopted a random sampling method with a sampled population of 496 derived from 2018/2019 session 100 level students.  Two major instruments were developed for data collection and validated by two senior lecturers from the Department of Library and Information Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria with a reliability level of 0.82 and 0.84 respectively using Cronbach alpha (α) procedure.  The outcome of the study shows that there is a diversion from the traditional method (theoretical) of instruction with the integration of ICT which enhances students’ mastery of the use of library and other related technologies.

Keywords: Federal Universities, Integration, Library, Nigeria, Students, information and communication technologies, instruction methodology

Language and Culture as Synergy for National Integration in Nigeria (Published)

Trends in historical evolution indicate that the nation-state of Nigeria came into existence since 1914. Her territorial boundaries were fixed with prejudicial colonial interests without considering the interests and aspirations of the traditional ethnic groups involved. Since then, the nation has been governed and exploited by the feudal-bourgeosie, privileged to inherit the nation from the colonial masters. Worst still, the various machineries at different periods and republics charged with the responsibility of ruling the nation has proved anti-social, adopting in their distribution of values, formulas detrimental to the general welfare of the citizenry. Thus, we are left with a fragile nation, drifting apart and her people resorting to communal and individual self-definition. The persistent call for national conference among the various ethnic groups to resolve the national question gives credence to the deduction that the nation was founded upon vested colonial interest, without consulting the component ethnic groups. The issue of national integration has become a re-assessment of the pre-requisite for Federalism towards the continued existence of the sovereign nation state in Nigeria. Thus, the focus of this paper is how to adopt a paradigm shift from the previous abortive methods that have been employed so far, to the pragmatic resolve of using language and culture in attaining the long elusive national integration in Nigeria.

Keywords: Culture, Diversity, Integration, Language, Nigeria

The Role of History in National Integration: A Study of Nigeria in the 21st Century (Published)

Nigeria is heterogeneous with verifiable evidence of extensive inter-group relations predating colonial rule. One of the lingering shadows cast by colonial rule is the issue of national integration. The attainment of political independence was followed with the challenge of achieving unity in diversity as the nationalists almost immediately relapsed into ethno-religious bigotry. The elitist activities of the ethno-religious bigots who manipulate their followers, have been divisive and a crass aberration of the extensive inter-group intercourse. This paper examines the role of History in addressing the teething issue of national integration in the 21st century.

Keywords: Integration, disintegration, historical consciousness, history

One Belt – One Road” in the framework of strategic cooperation between Russia and China (Published)

The research subject is the analysis of international interaction between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China since the late 20th century to the present time within the upcoming new prospects of long-term cooperation. The author makes a brief review of the recent history of interrelations between the two counties and forecasts their development for the nearest future within the adopted joint program “One Belt and One Road”. This project is based on the “complementarity” principle, i.e. the unification of advantages of China and Russia thus forming modern largescale “development partnership”. This study is based on a set of scientific methods, including the historical, institutional, system and comparative methods of scientific analysis. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that the political science problem under consideration reveals the new understanding of the vectors of development of relations of the two largest world powers. Particularly, the author considers the role of China in realization of the largest projects of the Eurasian Economic Union in the context of economic decline in Russia and other countries, close to Russia, caused by the Western sanctions. In the context of the possible narrowing of the EAEU’s potential, China’s project of “One Belt – One Road” can naturally compensate Russia’s demand for effective partnership. A special author’s contribution to the study of the topic is the conclusion that in the contemporary world, the alliance of Russia and China can define many vectors of development of world politics for the nearest decades. 

Keywords: China, Eurasia, Integration, National Interests, Russia, complementarity, national sovereignty, strategic cooperation, strategic partnership

Integrating English Language Skills at Under-Graduation Level through Principled Eclecticism Method (Published)

According to academic research, linguists have demonstrated that there is not one single best method for everyone in all contexts, and that no single teaching method is good or bad or inherently superior to the others.  The ground reality is that it is not always possible and appropriate to apply the same pedagogy to all learners, who have different objectives, environments and learning needs like Jazan University, Saudi Arabia.  The modern teacher, in fact needs to use a variety of methodologies and approaches, choosing techniques from each method that he considers more effective and applies them according to learning context and objectives.  A professional EFL teacher follows what is described as the Principled Eclecticism approach, where students are also encouraged to be autonomous in their learning.  The teacher can integrate and develop all four skills of English, i.e. listening, speaking, reading and writing.  English language learners should not expect the teacher to deliver everything to them ready-made but should realize their own sense of responsibility with self-motivation, self-direction and spirit of self-learning English as a second language through the techniques that suits to their needs of learning the target language.  The present critical situation of teaching-learning English in Jazan University has been interrogated through questionnaire and opinionnaire developed for the teachers and the students for valid and reliable data.

Keywords: Integration, Needs, Pedagogy, Skills, learner, principled-eclectic-approach

Assessment of Teachers Implementation of Social Studies Curriculum Contents in Private Secondary Schools in Aguata Education Zone: A Catalyst for Achieving National Integration in Nigeria (Published)

The research work deals on the assessment of teachers’ implementation of social studies curriculum contents in private secondary schools in Aguata education zone: A catalyst for achieving national integration in Nigeria. A survey design was adopted for the study.  The population consists of fifty teachers teaching social studies in junior secondary schools in Aguata education zone.  Purposive sampling technique was used to sample forty teachers.  The questionnaire was the major instrument for data collection and it was validated by two experts in curriculum and social studies.  The mean statistics was used to analyse the data collected.  The findings of the study showed that the concepts or topics such as cross cultural studies, inter-tribal marriages, national institutions, national symbols promote national integration.  It was also discovered that teachers of social studies face difficulties in relating some of the topics in physical environment, peace education, national values to national integration.  The paper also discovered that field trip, discussion and inquiry methods are appropriate for teaching social studies for achievement of national integration but rarely used by teachers, and instructional resources for implementing social studies curriculum content are not adequately provided.  The paper concluded that adequate instructional materials, training and retraining of teachers, employment of qualified social studies teachers are necessary conditions for effective implementation of social studies curriculum content for achieving national integration in Nigeria.  Conclusion and relevant recommendations were made. 

Keywords: Curriculum, Integration, National, Social Studies

Integration and Usage of ICT by Social Studies Teachers in Teaching in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of Ghana (Published)

The study focused on Social Studies teachers’ knowledge and usage of ICT in teaching Social Studies in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of the Central Region of Ghana. The study was hinged on Technology Acceptance Model and used concurrent triangulation design within the mixed method approach. Census sampling was used to select all the 77 Social Studies teachers and convenience sampling was used to select 5 Social Studies teachers (3 male and 2 female) for the study. The study used questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations as instruments to collect the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages were used to analyze the quantitative data and qualitative data were analyzed thematically. The study’s findings showed that greater number of the JHS Social Studies teachers possess knowledge in ICT, have good perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies and are willing to use ICT in teaching.  However, only few of the teachers integrated ICT in teaching the subject. This was as a result of inadequate computers and other ICT tools, lack of electricity in schools and some of the Social Studies teachers’ wrong perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies. It is recommended that Social Studies teachers be given regular in-service training; be provided with computers and other ICT tools by the Gomoa West District Education Office. Head teachers, Circuit Supervisors should encourage, motivate and supervise Social Studies teachers to integrate ICT in teaching Social Studies.

Keywords: ICT, Integration, Junior High Schools, Social Studies Teachers

Integration, Interdependence and Contagion of Emerging and Developed Market (Published)

International diversification decreases systematic risk that can not decrease by domestic diversification. This research is about integration, interdependence and contagion in developed markets, emerging markets and a combination of developed and emerging markets in the Mortgage Crisis. Johansen is being used for how far developed market integrated hat emerging markets are . The Contagion was signed by increasing the correlation but there is a bias in correlation so Fisher is used in this research. The results of this study indicate that developed markets are more integrated than emerging markets. Therefore, investing in emerging markets can have less country than developed markets. Contagion happened in Ireland and Qatar. As a result, investment companies need to invest in interdependence country than in contagion country.

Keywords: Contagion, Developed Market, Emerging Market, Integration, Interdependence

Integrating Rural Communities for the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (1- 3) In Nigeria (Published)

The term Sustainable Development is fast becoming a household term in the globe. The seventeen [17] Sustainable Development Goals were formed out of  vision 2030 development agenda, presented by the United Nation as a development framework for members nations. This paper therefore examines the achievement of the first three Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria via Rural integration approach. The concepts of Rural integration, and its importance to development and the achievement of the nation’s Sustainable  Development Goals were highlighted. The analysis of the concept of integrated Rural development was handled in a manner to enhance the understanding of the concept and its potency in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the nation. The features and conditions of our Rural communities were also highlighted. Some suggestion as a forward were proffered. The paper concludes that with the integration of our Rural communities, the first three Sustainable Development Goals, which directly reflects on the rural people will be achieved.

Keywords: Development Goal, Integration, Rural Community, Sustainable

Professional Updates for Language Teachers in A Digitally Infected Clime: The ICT Utilization Sensibility (Published)

The teaching profession in Nigeria is faced with a lot of problems which militate against the integrity of the profession.  This is because educators have come to realize that any meaningful improvement in the education that students receive is highly dependent on the quality of the instruction that the teacher provides.  The paper looks into the training and retraining needs of English language teachers for effective utilization of ICT in secondary schools in Ekiti State.  The research design was descriptive.  The population for the study comprised all English Language teachers (571) in the senior secondary schools in Ekiti State.  Multistage random sampling technique was utilized in selecting the sample.  In all, all (20) English Language teachers in the selected schools were used as the sample.  A research instrument titled “Teachers’ Assessment of the Need for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in English Language (TANICTENG)” was tested for both validity and reliability procedures and used for data collection.  Reliability coefficients of 0.67was obtained. Conclusion was drawn and recommendations were made among which are that teachers should engage in personal development; Teacher Training institutions should see to effective teacher education programmes; government at all levels should create an enabling environment that could help the teachers to perform optimally, among others.

Keywords: Hyper-dynamism, ICT, Integration, Pedagogy, blended learning

Reading and Writing Connection: Insights into an Integrative Approach to Developing and Teaching Reading and Writing in EFL Classrooms (Published)

This article reviews and analyses four textbooks purportedly written for teaching reading and writing integratively. It attempts to shed light on the approaches and strategies adopted to establish the connection between reading and writing. This investigation is intended to help and provide guide to language material developers, more soundly and effectively, as they embark on designing ESL/ EFL courses, specifically, reading and writing. The analysis is based on whether each textbook maintains well-balanced activities in both domains throughout its sections or units, the types of reading and writing tasks and exercises manipulated throughout these textbooks and whether these textbooks address other language aspects such as grammar, vocabulary, speaking, listening, etc. The analysis has revealed that these books maintained, to a large extent, balanced activities in reading and writing throughout their sections or units, i.e., the reading activities were set to help students to write effectively using the lexical items and sentence structures they experienced in the reading texts. Activities such as review (an activity that discusses styles and writing techniques used by the author in the reading passage), summary, paragraph and essay writing, collaborative learning activities and topics for discussion were some of the main features of these textbooks. Some of these textbooks included activities in grammar and speaking skill. Language material developers as well teachers/instructors are advised to use the outcomes of this investigation as a guide to plan and prepare connected reading and writing activities for their language classrooms. The best situation for any language context is either using these strategies and approaches to produce their own materials, adopting or adapting these published materials to suit their students’ needs, taking into account the cultural and linguistic differences between their students and learners for whom these textbooks were written.

Keywords: Integration, developing reading/writing material, reading and writing relationships, vocabulary in context.

Integrating Rural Communities for the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (1- 3) In Nigeria (Published)

The term Sustainable Development is fast becoming a household term in the globe. The seventeen [17] Sustainable Development Goals were formed out of  vision 2030 development agenda, presented by the United Nation as a development framework for members nations. This paper therefore examines the achievement of the first three Sustainable Development Goals in Nigeria via Rural integration approach. The concepts of Rural integration, and its importance to development and the achievement of the nation’s Sustainable Development Goals were highlighted. The analysis of the concept of integrated Rural development was handled in a manner to enhance the understanding of the concept and its potency in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals of the nation. The features and conditions of our Rural communities were also highlighted. Some suggestion as a forward were proffered. The paper concludes that with the integration of our Rural communities, the first three Sustainable Development Goals, which directly reflects on the rural people will be achieved.

Keywords: Development Goal, Integration, Rural Community, Sustainable

Insights into Francophone Cameroonians’ Experiences in Active Participation in Protestant Churches and Mission in Bamenda, Cameroon (Published)

This article is an investigation into the processes behind Cameroon Francophone’s involvement in historical churches in Bamenda to ultimately analyse how these churches aid migrants’ integration into the host society. Attributing the presence of Francophone Christian communities in Bamenda to internal immigration forces, the paper shows how Francophone Cameroonians depend on religion to cope with the difficulties of living in a Bamenda society that is foreign to them. Based largely on archival and oral sources, the paper examines the issues related to migrants’ integration in churches in Bamenda as well as the development of immigrant congregations of some historical Francophone churches in the host society. The paper submits that the insensitivity of host historical churches in Bamenda to migrants’ participation difficulties occasioned the development of migrant-led churches which serve as loci for identity and as avenues for adapting into the socio-religious context of the host society.

Keywords: Bamenda, Churches, Francophone Cameroonians, Integration, Migrant-Led Churches, Migration, National Unity.

The Dynamics of Transition of Rural Migrants to Urban Society: Case Study of Igbomina Migrant Community in Lagos (Published)

Adaptation is the process of adjustment of an individual organism to environmental conditions while integration is the process of opening a group, community, place or organization to all members, regardless of race, religion gender or social class. The dynamics of the process of transition of Igbomina people from rural to urban society was gradual and spread over a long time. They initially established in town the socio-political institutions and behavioral patterns which were familiar to them to fulfill most of the needs, which they met in urban environment. Even in later migration, there was not much changes to the pattern of family life. Migrants retained their rural system of traditional values, the concept of the urban culture did not develop due to the well-established culture of circular migration. The range of relationships that ethnic groups maintained among one another within the frame work of contemporary migratory phenomena includes cases such as assimilation, pacific coexistence and animosity. It must be underlined however, that in spite of the integration process, the identity of Igbomina was not obliterated. The transition process of Igbomina into Lagos urban society could therefore be best described as acculturation rather than assimilation in that Igbomina culture in Lagos cannot be described as an extension of the northern Yoruba sub-culture from where they came to Lagos, it was rather a symbiotic relationship between the Yoruba, Hausa, Ibo etc. living together as neighbours.      

Keywords: Assimilation, Dynamics, Integration, Migration, Transition

The Effect Of Supply Chain Integration On Operational Performance: A Study On Chemical And Chemical Product Manufacturing Firms In Ethiopia (Published)

The aim of this research is to empirically examine the effect of supply chain integration on operational performance. In order to address the research objective, a quantitative survey approach is used to collect the relevant data from the target population of the study which includes Chemical and Chemical product manufacturing firms in Ethiopia. A questionnaire was administered to target respondents to collect a primary data for the study.  To analyze  the  data this study applied a descriptive  and  non  parametric  statistics including Kendall’s  correlation and Kruskal Wallis  test  to  see  the  significant  relationship between hypothesized variables as well as  to  measure the direction and strength of the relationship. The result from study shows a significant positive effect of supply chain integration construct on the operational performance of firms. However, this research investigation did not found statistically significant evidence on the effect of internal integration on external integrations

Keywords: Ethiopia, Integration, Manufacturing, Supply Chain, chemical product