An integrated circuit consists sets of electronic circuits on a small, flat piece of semiconductor (silicon) material. Indeed, there is usually a large numbers of tiny metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistors integrated into a small chip.The results give us those circuits in are smaller, faster and less expensive than other electronic components. There are plenty of applications for an integrated circuit (IC) in a small chip. It can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, microprocessor, and computer memory. This paper will discuss the development of the integrated circuit industry among the “Four Asian Dragons” (Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and Singapore) in the 1980s. In particular, this paper will review a Taiwan semiconductor company’s stages of development as well as its problems. It should be noted that personal comments about this business will also be included. Importantly, with regard to reversing paralysis, the application of this author’s net-seizing theory will be discussed. This constitutes to the so-called “Symmetric Reversing Paralysis Approach” for disabled and handicapped people.
A Properties of Graphene (Published)
Graphene is pure carbon in the form of a very thin, nearly transparent sheet, one atom thick. It is remarkably strong for its very low weight (100 times stronger than steel and it conducts heat and electricity with great efficiency. Graphene with the unique combination of bonded carbon atom structures with its myriad and complex physical properties is poised to have a big impact on the future of material sciences, electronics and nanotechnology. Owing to their specialized structures and minute diameter, it can be utilized as a sensor device, semiconductor, or for components of integrated circuits. The reported properties and applications of this two-dimensional form of carbon structure have opened up new opportunities for the future devices and systems.