Tag Archives: Instruction

Is the language in education policy an issue on the political platforms in Ghana? My point of view (Published)

This paper sets out to explain why the language in education policy is not an issue in Ghana’s political platform. It gives a brief history of language in education policy in Ghana and advances some reasons why the language in education policy is not considered an issue on the political platforms in Ghana. Finally, the paper gives several recommendations to help policymakers implement the language in education policy.

Keywords: Education, Indigenous, Instruction, Language, Policy, Teachers

Is the language in education policy an issue on the political platforms in Ghana? My point of view (Published)

This paper sets out to explain why the language in education policy is not an issue in Ghana’s political platform. It gives a brief history of language in education policy in Ghana and advances some reasons why the language in education policy is not considered an issue on the political platforms in Ghana. Finally, the paper gives several recommendations to help policymakers implement the language in education policy.

Keywords: Education, Indigenous, Instruction, Language, Policy, Teachers

Integration of Information Communication Technology in Planning for Instruction in Early Learning in Bungoma County, Kenya (Published)

There is a growing recognition of the many different ways that Information Communication Technology can contribute to, or transform, the activities, roles, and relationships experienced by teachers and in early childhood education settings. The objective of the study was to examine the integration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in planning for instruction in early learning in Bungoma County, Kenya. The study was guided by Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Framework (TPACK) by Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler’s. The study population included Early Childhood Development (ECD) teachers, education officers in charge of ECD in the county and public primary school headteachers. Simple random sampling was used to obtain 177 ECD teachers which is 10% of 1,768 ECD teachers from 884 public primary schools in Bungoma County. The study adopted a descriptive research design. With regard to ICT integration in instruction planning, ECD teachers in Bungoma County perceive that use of ICT is helpful in the pre-planning and post-planning of instruction and the use of ICT helps to make learning concepts more concrete. In addition, the teachers indicated that the use of ICT helps in the preparation of teaching records, such as a teaching plan and a work plan. Teachers, however, perceived that the use of ICT in instruction planning reduced the teacher-learner interaction of the classroom. Providing incentives for a smooth incorporation of technology into education involves students, school managers, curriculum coordinators, and parents to take an active role in assessing the value of curriculum inclusion in the classroom. The study recommends that the government improves the numbers of ICT devices in school to improve on the ratio of the ICT devices per pupil, facilitate ICT training for teachers and lastly, development of local content.

Keywords: Information Communication Technology, Instruction, Integration, Planning

Influence of Internal Supervision of Instruction on Improving Teacher Performance in Secondary Schools in Edo State (Published)

This study investigated the influence of internal supervision of instruction on improving Teacher performance in secondary schools in Edo State. Four research questions and four hypotheses were postulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was used. From the population of 1110 teachers, of Edo State, 444 teachers were sampled using proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The sampled teachers represent 40% of the entire population. A thirty-two (32) item questionnaire was sent to experts for validation and they offered useful suggestions after their review. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Mean and Standard Deviation were used to answer all the research questions posed in the study.  Four null hypotheses formulated were tested using t-test and ANOVA at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that internal supervision of instruction had positive influence on improving teacher performance in Edo State. The study found that classroom visitation, observation technique, demonstration technique and evaluation technique had a positive influence on teacher performance in secondary schools in Edo State. The study also found that there was no significant difference on the influence of internal supervision in improving teacher performance in secondary school based on gender, location, educational qualifications and teaching experience. Based on the findings, it was recommended that:  supervisors and Principals should endeavour to ensure that classes are regularly visited to enable secondary school teachers to improve more in their performances.

Keywords: Edo state, Instruction, Secondary Schools, Teacher Performance, internal supervision

21st Century Instruction: Accelerating Students Outcome in Mathematics (Published)

Research reveals that how teachers instruct and these interactions with students are the cornerstone around which to build effective learning. The integration of ICT is becoming more global trend in the 21st century education. The study assessed the improvement of Mathematics instruction in the context of basic education. The very important aimed of the study was to determine the Mathematics performance of the learners in the six skills as per see by the Department of Education using varied strategies, as part of core competencies used in the 21st century skills. Based on the findings and thorough analysis of the study, it can be concluded then that the learners’ performance in Mathematics as to the skills of remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating is very satisfactory. Thus, the outcome has shown a high impact on the learning outcomes of the learners with regards to mathematical comprehension.

Keywords: 21st Century Learning, ICT integration, Instruction, Mathematics Performance

Using Simulation Game – Assisted Instruction to Modify Students’ Attitude towards Integrated Science (Published)

The study determined the effect of simulation game – assisted instruction, cognitive style, numerical ability and gender on students’ attitude towards the subject. It adopted a 2 x 2 x 3 x 2 non-randomized pretest, post test, control group quasi-experimental design in which the treatment, at two levels (simulation game – assisted instruction, teacher instruction only) was crossed with cognitive style at two levels (analytical, non-analytical), numerical ability at three levels (high, medium, low) and gender at two levels (male, female ).The subjects were 305 junior secondary lll students selected from four co-educational school in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria.Four valid and reliable instruments were used for data collection: Attitude Towards Science scale (ATSS); Numerical Ability Test (NAT), Cognitive Style Test (CST); AND Operational Guide for instruction (OGI). The study, which lasted for six weeks, involved exposing the students in the experimental group to three types of simulation games (water pollution game, chemical symbol, equation and formulae), while those in the control were not exposed to any game, but were rather taught in the conventional way. Data analysis involved the use of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and Scheffe range test as post hoc measures. The result showed a significant main effect of treatment on students attitude towards integrated science (F(1,304) =24. 173; p<0.05). Students exposed to simulation game –assisted instruction exhibited more positive attitude towards the subject than those not so exposed. The implication of these findings for curriculum planning, teacher training and in-service programmes, development of curriculum material and classroom practice were discussed

Keywords: Instruction, Integrated Science, Modify Students, Simulation Game

Principals’ Instructional Supervision and Teachers’ Effectiveness (Published)

The study examined the differences in teachers’ effectiveness based on principals’ instructional supervision in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee in Akwa Ibom State. Four objectives and their corresponding research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The ex-post facto design was used in carrying out this study. Two hundred and one teachers and 14 principals were drawn from the population of 1,105 teachers and 14 principals respectively to participate in the study. Two researchers-developed instruments, “Principals’ Instructional Supervision Interview (PIS1)” and “Teachers’ Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (TTEQ)” were used to gather data. Data collected were analyzed using the mean and independent t-test statistics was used. The findings were that there is a significant difference in teachers’ effectiveness based on classroom observation, analysis/strategy, post-conference analysis and post-analysis conference. Teachers in schools where instructional supervision was adequate were more effective than those that had inadequate instructional supervision. It is, therefore, recommended among others that, the principals should carry out an adequate instructional supervision of teachers so as to enhance their teaching effectiveness.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Instruction, Principals, Supervision, Teachers