Tag Archives: Innovation

Alternative Options in Building Workers’ Incentives: Effects On Job Satisfaction and Performance in Local Context (Published)

Incentives are motivators and highly critical in determining positive feelings and work behaviour in different contexts and satisfaction often depends on its relevance to felt needs of workers. The uncritical adoption of foreign schemes in local contexts has distanced reward strategies from employees’ needs and demands alternative strategies. The study tested innovative incentives and relationships with satisfaction and performance of employees in a local enterprise using 50 participants (74% males). A reliable instrument, aggregate α=0.74 was used to gather information and inferential statistics used for analysis. Inferential statistics were used to run the analysis.  Results of the study showed that traditional and nontraditional incentives significantly determine employee job satisfaction, (p < 0.01). With regards to effects on performance, traditional incentive was significant, (p < 0.01), while nontraditional incentive failed to predict performance. Although results suggested that traditional and nontraditional incentives remain key determinants of satisfaction, only traditional incentives could influence performance. The test of positive feelings as a factor in performance was highly significant. The paper, therefore, suggests that additional studies should be carried out in order to validate the innovative model for best practices in incentives design and administration in local contexts.

Keywords: Compensation, Culture, Innovation, Perception, Work

High Education and Its Impact on Economic Growth (Published)

Referring to the evolutionary economy and the national approach to innovation systems, higher education institutions are widely considered as a leading economic growth instrument. Education brings benefits not only to the individual, but also to the economy as a whole, and it is important to link the global, national, sectoral and spatial dimensions of educational-economic development relations.Thinking about the relationship between education, technological innovation, production and development, the dynamics at multiple scalar levels provide a way forward for education and development. The scope of this publication is to analyze the impact of higher education on economic growth and the main factors, benefits and costs of higher education in Albania’s economic performance. The purpose of this publication is to contribute to the literature by enabling a specific analysis of the impact that higher education has on economic growth, given that Albania is still a transitional country and the education system suffers in many cases from lack of funds and is affected by various reforms.

Keywords: Higher Education, Innovation, Research, Unemployment Rate, economic impact, public and private

The Mustafa (Pbuh) Science and Technology Foundation: A Platform to Develop Science and Technology in Islamic World (Published)

Mustafa (pbuh) Science and Technology Foundation (MSTF) has started its activities within a specifically developed framework to honor the scientists of the Islamic world and appreciate their efforts, along with training future scientists worldwide. The MSTF tries to develop cooperation, synergy, and convergence in the realm of modern sciences and new technologies and also puts effort into making the distinguished figures in science and technology role models. It makes a consolidated effort to improve the general welfare of people worldwide by benefiting from values such as reverence for divine religions, respect and humanity. This venerable Foundation provides values of dignity, trust, a support-structure for the development of science and technology, an educational enterprise for uncovering the truth, assuming social responsibility, and laying down the groundwork for construction of a grand new and contemporary Islamic civilization. This study is an introduction of Mustafa Prize and its Objectives, Salient Features, Services and an effective transfer of the same. Additionally, it looks at the role which can be played to enlarge and enrich Science and technology among Moslem Countries.

Keywords: Innovation, Islamic World, Knowledge Application and Notion for Society (KANS) Scientific Competition, Mustafa Prize, Pardis Technology Park

The Effect of Surveillance and Evaluation Expectation on the Creativity of Primary School Pupils (Published)

Creativity seems to be one of the determinants of perpetuation of species. Humans need to invent creative ways for dealing with the challenges of surviving in a continuously evolving planet. Creativity also has great implications for a nation’s development. Nurturing and enhancing creativity is a major concern for educators. This study focusses on finding the effect of surveillance and Evaluation, two factors identified as killers of creativity; on the creativity of primary school pupils. Piaget’s theory of creativity and Vygotsky’s theory of creativity were used to explain the possible relationships in the study. The research design is the post-test control group quasi experimental design. Thirty-five children from two intact classes were purposively selected for the study. Four research questions were asked and two hypothesis formulated for the study. Data was collected from creative arts classwork of the pupils and analysed using the Independent population t-test. Results revealed a significant effect of both surveillance and evaluation expectation on the creativity of primary school pupils. Recommendations were made.

Keywords: Creativity, Evaluation, Innovation, Self-reliance, Surveillance

Research and Innovation Strategies for Economic Competitiveness and Industrial Growth: Lessons for Nigeria (Published)

One of the leading unrealized opportunities in Nigerian industrial organizations is the full influence of research ideas and knowledge to transform business products and processes into long-term innovation. Business research and innovation contribute significantly to improvement in enterprise productivity and quality and in the integral components of business strategy and success. Drawing heavily from published literature, this paper highlights the enormous benefits of continual research and innovation on national economies, and proffers recommendations on how Nigeria could key into this concept to promote its economic competitiveness at the global level.

Keywords: Competitiveness Industrial Growth, Economic, Innovation, Nigeria, Research, Strategies.

Innovation Chain Intelligence (ICI) (Published)

The innovation chain is an added value horizontal process that interacts continuously with the external environment, when new products or services are developed. This immense dynamicity influences the decision-making process throughout the idea generation, product design and market exploitation links of the innovation chain. These dynamic information sources could be exploitable by innovation managers, when they are processed through the knowledge base in an iterative mode across the innovation chain. This paper combines business intelligence and knowledge management techniques to conceptualize a logical framework of modelling the innovation chain intelligence. The methodology that is used is the ontological framework for information extraction, knowledge representation and knowledge update related to innovation chain intelligence. This paper conceptualizes the necessary information extraction mechanisms for semi-structured data, using web semantic ontologies to introduce the initial stage of the innovation intelligence chain.

Keywords: Business Intelligence, Innovation, Ontology, Semantic Web

An Analysis of Manufacturing Export Firms’ Specific Characteristics for Industrial Emergence in Cameroon By 2035 (Published)

The Asian Tigers form a new niche of Developed Economies in the world today. In the phase of globalisation export led growth is cardinal, especially with a high level of industrial specialisation. The question is what specific industrial characteristics account for the emergence of Asian Tiger’s that developing economies like Cameroon can emulate? With a survey of 116 firms and using the Tobit analysis, Manufacturing Firm’s Specific Characteristics of (size, age and Ownership) are important for rapid economic growth in Cameroon. In synthesis with the Asian miracle Firm Specific Characteristics of size, age and ownership are accentuated to boost Export led growth today. This emphasises the fact that Cameroonian firms must have an elite class of entrepreneurs who are innovative and can establish large firm which can thrive in a liberalised market or establish business procedures that are less clumsy and for business partnership.

Keywords: Economic Growth and Emergence, Export Led Growth, Firm’s Specific Characteristics, Innovation, Schumpeterian Entrepreneur

Strategic Impacts of Supply Chain Innovation on Firms Performance (Published)

The need to be proactive to customers demand and the intensifying challenges from globalization and the rising cost of consumable goods necessitated the researchers desire to explores, strategic impacts of supply chain innovation on firms’ performance. Many firms believed that supply chain innovation is a means of competitive advantage. Conversely, one firm’s supply chain innovation is another company’s process improvement. In today’s competitive business environment, misunderstanding a new idea may result in wasting resources on an innovation that is not yet materialized. Lack of clarity is an issue for academic debate. The objective of this article therefore was to examine strategic impacts of supply chain innovation on firms’ performance. The researchers adopted theoretical framework in investigating the nature and concepts of supply chain innovation in this research. Data were sourced from management journals, internet and periodical. This gives a clear understanding of earlier work in the area of exploration thereby providing foundation for the researchable predicament at stake. Findings reveal that supply chain innovation involves an integrative system of customers, suppliers, manufacturers, information technology and finance through physical and human resources for enhance performance. Supply chains innovation requires array of relationships and numerous paths through which products and information travel. To gain utmost advantage from supply chain innovation, a firm must energetically draw upon its available internal capabilities and the external resources of its supply chain network to fulfill customer requirements.

Keywords: Chain, Innovation, Strategic, and Firms Performance, supply

Corruption in the Education Industry in Nigeria: Implications for National Development (Published)

This paper sees corruption generally as a condemnable behaviour and particularly identifies corruption in the education industry as a practice that has multiple capabilities for undermining the national development of Nigeria. Corruption in the education industry terribly creates infrastructural deficits that result in poor instructional delivery and making many people not to have access to education which in addition to being a fundamental human right is a spring board for their empowerment and emancipation infrastructural deficits and inability of a people to have access to education systematically renders useless the ability of the people to engineer  national development as generations of citizens are left frustrated, disgruntled and disenchanted in addition to manifesting terrible immorality in the forms of militancy and insurgency. Embrace of militancy and insurgency as a result of lack of access and infrastructure owe their sources to corruption, which disastrously has multiplier effects on the economy and the national development of the Nigerian state: potential human beings who ideally are great assets for the development of Nigeria are lost to actions/activities that are not investor and investment friendly. The paper recommends among other things the teaching of skills that can promote greater transparency and accountability in managing issues in education, stronger and implementable in managing issues in education, stronger and implementable social justice measures for the citizens to developing curricular and pedagogical measures for sensitizing citizens to rise up to kill corruption in Nigeria.

Keywords: Accountability, Corruption, Curriculum, Education, Innovation, National Development, Nigeria, Pedagogy, Transparency

Impact of innovation on the supply chain performance: Case of the automotive industry in Morocco (Published)

In Through the Looking-Glass famous incident from the book of Alice in Wonderland, known as the Red Queen’s race, it involves the Red Queen and where Alice is constantly running, but remaining in the same point.  The Red Queen said: “Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”This story is used in real life to illustrate the idea of running after capital and market share accumulation in order to maintain relative economic position. This idea cannot represent better the main purpose of our study: “The innovation and its impact on supply chain performance and competitiveness”.In this paper, we attempt to corroborate, based on an empirical study of Moroccan multinational firms specifically in the automotive industry, the relationship between the supply chain innovation and performance through the Supply Chain Integration.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Innovation, Supply Chain Integration, Supply chain performance

Innovation Practices and obstacles in the Algerian Small and Medium Enterprises (Published)

This study aims to identify the innovation practices and obstacles in a sample of small and medium enterprises at the province of “Batna”, Algeria. The researcher has distributed 88 questionnaires to the individuals of the study’s sample: managers and their assistants, heads of departments. Eighty-two (82) questionnaires were restored, and after sorting them, it was observed that they are all valid for analysis. The researcher relied on the statistical software (SPSS) for data processing using percentages, arithmetic averages, standard deviations, one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) and simple regression. After a descriptive analysis of the study and testing hypotheses, and based on the obtained results, a set of recommendations were provided including:

  • There is an important statistically significant effect of the dimensions of the supporting factors for innovation (the entrepreneur’s personal characteristics, information technology, human resources management and financing source) in the innovation types (product and production process).
  • There is a statistically significant positive relationship between innovation obstacles and the types of achieved innovation.
  • The respondents’ perceptions of the innovation outputs level moderately  
  • There is a low correlation between chronological age, the number of the products of the enterprises under study and the types of innovation, while the correlation was high with the industrial sector.

Keywords: Algerian small and medium enterprises, Innovation, Product, production process

Marketing Strategy and Innovation at Michelin (Published)

The great management guru, Peter F. Drucker, once made a very profound observation that, “Because the purpose of business is to create customers, a business enterprise has two and only two basic functions – marketing and innovation. Marketing and innovation produce results; all the rest are costs” (Drucker, 1995). In this paper, we focus on the marketing strategies and innovation strengths at the France based company, Michelin. The company simply produces tires made of rubber, but still has a multi-billion dollar empire and is a leader in the tire industry, and continues to generate new plans for advancing its business. Indeed, Michelin has one of the most recognizable logo in the world (see above). We delve into the history of Michelin, its association with French culture, and seek to deduce what are the factors resulting in its marketing and innovation models that contribute to its huge success over the last 125+ years. The central scope of the paper is to understand the marketing strategy of Michelin in the global marketplace, and, at the same time, to analyze how Michelin has been successful in being able to innovate and maintain a stronghold in this sector in terms of market share. With respect to innovation, we note key disruptions that Michelin has been producing in its research labs and with respect to its marketing. We dig deeply into the strategic-branding approach at Michelin and analyze topics such as brand positioning, brand image and equity, advertising, market segmentation, and targeting, all in the aforementioned global setting.

Keywords: Advertising, Brand Image, Innovation, Marketing, Michelin, Strategy

Social Innovation Strategies and the Performance of Social Enterprises in Nairobi City County, Kenya (Published)

Current trends have shown that social entrepreneurship is identified as the Key driver of the third sector as well as the public and private sector. Social enterprises play a critical role in social-economic development. Social innovation is one of the most important aspects of social entrepreneurship as it enhances the degree to which an enterprise effectively responds to emerging opportunities and challenges in the market. The field of social innovation turns critical societal problems into opportunities by actively involving the community actors. This paper is an analysis of how social innovations influence social enterprises in Nairobi County of Kenya. Cross -sectional design is used. The target population comprises all the registered social enterprises in Nairobi County. A simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 107 registered social enterprises in the County. A self-administered questionnaire was used as the main data collection instruments. A pilot study was conducted to test validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Data was then analyzed both descriptively and using inferential statistics. One-way analysis of variance was used to test the hypotheses. Both Pearson’s product moment correlation and Chi-square were also used to test for significant associations between social innovations and performance of Social enterprises.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Performance, Social Enterprise, Social Innovation

Public Service Innovation and Reform Towards Good Local Governance (Published)

At this moment, good governance, qualified public service are the concepts that required for good local governance implementation. So, at Central Tapanuli Regency – North Sumatera (Indonesia) for increasing institutional capacity of Local Government Working Unit from 2009 up to 2011 had been implemented 5 institutional empowering system which occured by SCBD (Sustainable Capacity Building for Decentralization) Project. Yet, on its implementation, all system got a less responsive actions from local goverment leaders, so project’s result less successfully.This research used qualitative approach with using Alberti and Bertucci theory which explains that innovation and reform on public sector can well succeeded incessanty determined by effective leadership factor. Thereby, on occasion of public service increasing towards good local governance, policies which decided by leaders should be the ones that support innovation and reform implementation in bureaucracy.

Keywords: Good Local Governance, Innovation, Public Service, Reform

The Role of University Managerial Staff In The Process Of Implementing the Concept of Entrepreneurship and Innovation by Jordanian Universities (Published)

The purpose of this paper is to explore the dimensions of the university managerial staff role in the process of implementing the concept of entrepreneurship and innovation by Jordanian universities. A questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection where 320 questionnaires were distributed to a random sample from seven Jordanian universities managerial staff. The collected data were refined and statistically analyzed. The obtained results clearly denote that the three independent variables (university managerial staff capacities, the university supporting policy and the nature of the general environment) all together have positive impacts on both dependent variables (the university general performance and the expansion of education and professional opportunity for university entrepreneurship graduates, with a correlation coefficient values of 0.908 and 0.890 respectively at 0.01 level of significant.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Managerial Staff, entrepreneur graduate and general performance.

Capacity Building Needs of Emotional Intelligence of Self- Management Skill for Highly Innovative School Principals for Nigerian Education System (Published)

The problem of quality education and sustainable development, especially in Nigeria has attracted much attention in all academic discussion, whereby scholars have blamed it on several factors, without recourse to the emotional state of the school principals. Self-management is an important construct of emotional intelligence that has impacted positively on other disciplines such as psychology, medicine, business and others, other than education as seen from the review. This has created a gap in knowledge which necessitated this discussion. This paper therefore addressed capacity building needs of emotional intelligence of self-management, towards highly innovative principals for Nigerian secondary schools. The paper considered only three of its characteristics of conscientiousness, achievement orientation and trustworthiness. It is concluded that, emotional intelligence of self-management be included in educational management and teacher training programmes, to equip this group of learners with the skill, to become highly innovative and creative in managing Nigerian secondary schools, which will certainly lead to quality education

Keywords: Capacity building, Education System, Innovation, Principal, School, Skill

Building Sustainable Organizational Capabilities through Supply Chain Innovation (Published)

Organizational performance directly affecting supply chain management practices. A continuous innovation in supply chain is important for corporations to achieve sustainable competitive advantage, to differentiate from competitors. Contemporary supply chain management stresses coordinating supply chain stakeholders into seamless unit in meeting customers demand and enhancing competitive advantage. Although companies concentrate on innovating independently for developing capabilities, companies however demonstrate reliance on creating their supply chain innovation capability. As markets became global, competition intensified. This forced the companies to innovate to be competitive and carryout holistic, fully integrated approach to their supply chain designs. This can replace traditional thinking in pursuit of effective and responsiveness supply chain. The research addresses gap in the literature between supply chain innovation and organizational capabilities. The study explore how organizations expand their efforts in improving relationships for developing capabilities of supply chain and what capabilities do firms develop to create innovation capacity within a supply chain. Companies in Karnataka, India surveyed to examine the inter relationship beteen organizational capability and supply chain innovation. The results showed that supply chain innovation has positive relationship with organizational capabilities and supply chain integration mechanisms do impact supply chain innovation.

Keywords: Capabilities, Competitive Advantage, Innovation, Performance, Supply Chain


The Asian Tigers form a new niche of Developed Economies in the world today. In the phase of globalisation export led growth is cardinal, especially with a high level of industrial specialisation. The question is what specific industrial characteristics account for the emergence of Asian Tiger’s that developing economies like Cameroon can emulate? With a survey of 116 firms and using the Tobit analysis, Manufacturing Firm’s Specific Characteristics of (size, age and Ownership) are important for rapid economic growth in Cameroon. In synthesis with the Asian miracle Firm Specific Characteristics of size, age and ownership are accentuated to boost Export led growth today. This emphasises the fact that Cameroonian firms must have an elite class of entrepreneurs who are innovative and can establish large firm which can thrive in a liberalised market or establish business procedures that are less clumsy and for business partnership.

Keywords: Economic Growth and Emergence, Export Led Growth, Firm’s Specific Characteristics, Innovation, Schumpeterian Entrepreneur


Online media is revolutionising the world through it new creative outputs and thus condensing entire world into a global village. Users of online media are increasing many folds every year. Online media mainly consist of Editorial media (online newspaper editions, journals, publication house, magazines) and Social media (Facebook, Twitter, Reviews and Forums, Youtube, Pininterest etc.). Online media is not only the source of branding and advertising but also a major source to create an impact and impression in minds of Readers/users. Nielsen is leading marketing research and information firm with nearly 34,000 employees in 100+ countries around the world. Nielsen is aggressively using online media to create a positive impact on the masses about their surveys, researches and other services. 5 major keywords performance (KPI’S) indicators namely Innovation, Consumer Study (what consumer buy and watch), Global provider, Insights and Spokesperson were being used for impact assessment. Entire data bulk was being divided in 4 tiers (levels) based on impact factor of the journal/publications. A modified Harvard tool called “Popping impressions” was being used to assess the effectiveness of KPI’S. Impact was assesed on basis of presence of keywords in articles which refers to exact or similar meaning of that particular KPI. 714 articles from different newspaper editions, journals, publication house, and magazines were being assessed. Studies showed that performance of KPI’S differed at each Tier. At Tier 1 and 4 Insights has made maximum impact of 12.7% and 7.6% respectively as major KPI. Consumer study ruled as major KPI with values of 13% and 19.2% respectively for Tier 3 and 4.

Keywords: Innovation, Nielsen impact assessment, Popping impression, consumer study (what consumer buy and watch), global provider, insights, spokesperson


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between opportunity for innovation and organizational citizenship behaviour in the Nigerian hospitality industry. The cross sectional survey was conducted with a sample size of 1450 workers drawn from a population of 3768 workers in the South-South geopolitical region of Nigeria. The scales used were within the acceptable Cronbach Alpha values of 0.7, which was interpreted to be reliable. A total of 1,093 copies of completed and usable questionnaire were used for data analysis. Furthermore, the data obtained were analysed using the Spearman Rank Order Coefficient. The results reveal that opportunity for innovation is strongly related to altruism, conscientiousness, civic virtue, courtesy and sportsmanship. The findings suggest that organizations conducive for innovation tends to promote extra discretionary employee behaviour. The study concluded that in the presence of opportunity for innovation of the worker, organizational citizenship behaviour is activated.

Keywords: Altruism, Civic Virtue, Conscientiousness, Courtesy And Sportsmanship, Hospitality industry, Innovation, Organizational Citizenship Behaviour