Constraints to Use of Soil Quality Maintaining Strategies in a Climate Change Stricken Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
The study assessed constraints to use of soil quality maintaining strategies among crop farmers in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents for the study. Data were collected using interview schedule and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. Results show that 65.00% of the respondents were females. Majority (60.00%) were married, with 54.16% having household sizes of not less than 6 persons. Most serious constraints were inadequate finance and capital intensiveness of some strategies. Significant relationships existed between age (r2 = 0.152, p < 0.05), sex (c2 = 5.21, p < 0.05), household size (r2 < -0.212, p < 0.05) and constraints to use of soil quality maintaining strategies. There was significant difference in the extent of constraints to use of the strategies between male and female respondents (t = -1.12, p < 0.05). It is recommended that individuals should save funds for soil quality maintenance. Moreover, programmes aimed at reducing constraints to use of the strategies should be patterned according to severity of the constraints between male and female farmers.
Uses of Information and Communication Technology in Teaching and Learning of Clothing and Textiles in Ebonyi State University (Published)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the uses of information and communication technology in teaching and learning. Clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki, Nigeria. Two specific objectives with two null hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was a survey. The population consisted of 106(10 staffs and 96 students of Home Economics Education). There was no sampling because the population was manageable. Questionnaire was used for data collection while frequency and mean statistics where used to analyze the data. Result revealed that I.C.T such as computer and projectors are not used in the teaching and learning of clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki. There is no significant difference between mean level of staff and students of Home Economics education on the uses of computer and projector in teaching and learning of clothing and textile in the area of study. It was recommended among others, that there should be at least one computer and data projector in each classroom and the entire classrooms should be equipped with smart boards.
The Importance of Cadastral Survey Information for Effective Land Administration in Nigeria (Published)
Cadastral survey information is a subset of spatial information that is concerned with identifying and maintaining legal boundaries of properties. Land administration in Nigeria must of necessary involve a cadastral input; since land must be discussed in terms of location, extent size shape size shape ownership rights and encumbrances. Cadastral survey information has been positively improved by the advancement in computer and space technology and as well as techniques of information gathering, storage and dissemination for good land administration. Since land plays a major role in human activities. The task of any cadastral survey information is to register in a concise manner ownership-rights and other relationships between man and the land. There will be numerous problems in the country if there is no up-to-date digital database for effective land administration system. At present most of the maps being used for development in all the parts of the country are maps produced over two decades. This made development in some areas difficult because some of the locations on the maps had been physically built-up.
The introduction of social media and web 2.0 applications has opened up a platform that agricultural extension officer’s, farmers, agricultural institutions and non-governmental institutions utilize to disseminate and exchange agricultural information. The objective of the study was to assess the use of social media as a source of agricultural information with reference to farmers in Kesses District. The study adopted a descriptive survey and the major data collection tools were interviews from farmers who use social media platforms. The study purposively sampled farmers in Kesses District and data was analyzed both descriptively. From the analysis, it is evident that there is immense need for agricultural information among farmers in Kesses District. The study reveals that farmers in Kesses District have diverse source of agricultural information for example the internet, social media and extension services. Majority of farmers approach the use of social media in agricultural information seeking with a positive attitude, pointing to the assumption that social media is largely beneficial and convenient as a source of agricultural information. Among the most common challenges faced include poor network access, power outages, and costly charges when accessing the internet. This study recommends that information centers can be established in Kesses District whereby farmers can obtain agricultural information online and that social media should be fully utilized to provide; feedback, complement extension programs, access local and international markets and complement communication campaigns whose goal is to bring about agricultural development.
THE EFFECT OF USING ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE THE VALUE CHAIN IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS – EMPIRICAL STUDY (Published)
The study aims to introduce the conceptual framework of the value chain as an analytical method for business organizations, and the analysis of the role of accounting information systems and the effect of their use in improving the value chain of the business organizations. The two researchers developed a study tool (questionnaire) based on the theoretical framework and previous studies. 64 questionnaires have been distributed to a sample of the study population, which consists of employees in the finance department of public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain. 50 questionnaires have been adopted and 14 were excluded due to their incompatibility with the analysis. Using the appropriate statistical analysis tools for the study data (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and testing of T-test One Sample) the researchers found a deficiency in the level of the availability of the basic components of accounting systems and the level of the quality of accounting information required to improve the value chain of business organizations in public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain in general. According to the results of the analysis the researchers recommended the need to work on improving the level of the basic components of accounting systems to improve the quality of accounting information, in order to improve the value chain of public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain; specifically in regards to the existence of clear and specific work procedures in the accounting system, the level of the effectiveness of internal control measures, clear definition of responsibilities and authority, and management’s attention in training and continuing education programs for employees.
In Nigeria, Travel and Tourism had contributed immensely to the growth of GDP and also to employment. Tourism marketing in destination must take into consideration the behaviour of visitors for effective campaign design. The study investigates how visitors got information about the Complex and major motivating factors that attract visitors to the Complex. Structured questionnaire was employed to obtain information on the major objectives of the study. Majority of the visitors to the complex are youths. Visitors preferred use of brochures, travel guides and social media as marketing strategies. Push factors are observed to motivate tourists more for fun, excitement, relaxation and sightseeing. Tourists’ sources of awareness to the Complex are not different in respect to their demographics; also visitors who organise visits for themselves complain less about challenges of the Complex. Management of the Complex must endeavour to improve on infrastructure and recreational facilities for fun, sightseeing, relaxation and excitement.
IMPACT OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) ON THE MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This study was carried out to investigate the impact of ICT on the management and performance of secondary school teachers in Kwara State, Nigeria. Three (3) research questions and three (3) hypotheses guided the study. Three hundred (300) teachers who were sampled from three senatorial zones in the state i.e. Kwara Central, North and South were used for the data collection. The instrument utilized was researchers’ designed structured 27 items questionnaire and mean scores were used to test the hypothesis. The findings showed that many schools do not have and teachers do not use the ICT tools in their instructional activities. It was also revealed that the ICT training(s) teachers received do not have desired impact on instructional usage. The study recommended that government should partner with private organizations to provide ICT tools for secondary schools in Kwara State and that needs assessment should be carried out to determine what and types of training teachers need before they are selected to go on ICT training
THE ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BUILDING CUSTOMER LOYALTY IN BANKING: (A CASE STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK LTD., SUNYANI) (Published)
The banking industry is constantly facing increasing competition partly due to financial liberalization and technological developments. To survive in an environment of intense competition more Banks have adopted technology – based service options in order to provide excellent customer service to enhance customer loyalty. However, it is becoming increasingly difficult for Agricultural Development Bank Ltd. in Sunyani to satisfy and retain its customers, who are often demanding improved quality services. Failure of the Agricultural Development Bank in Sunyani to efficiently adopt information technology like ATMs, branch networking, etc in the delivery of banking services has slowed down the processes of delivery of banking services leading to queuing and unnecessary service failures which may make it difficult to satisfy and retain the customers. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of information technology in the development of loyalty in banking. Empirical data for the study were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The results of the study indicate that despite the introduction of IT in service delivery by the Agricultural Development Bank Ltd. in Sunyani, service quality is still low. However, IT has played the role of enhancing customer loyalty by making banking services more personalized, convenient and time–saving. The management of Agricultural Development Bank Ltd. in Sunyani needs to concentrate much of its efforts in terms of time and financial resources to provide quality services by improving the perceived performance of the electronic banking facilities so as to enhance customer loyalty
National Security and Journalism Practice: Emerging Considerations for Nigerian Journalists (Published)
National security has in recent times become a planetary concern with the security beat even more daunting for journalists. This has therefore necessitated the need to streamline the ethical issues involved in covering national security with a view to averting the disclosure of information that may create bedlam, cause damage and endanger national security. The nature of study was thematic and this necessitated focus group discussions among select journalists and officials of some law enforcement agencies in Nigeria. Discussions however revealed that most journalistic reports tend to blur the line of distinction between the right to know and the need to know. This was equally found to be borne out of a marketing concern by newspaper proprietors to have headlines that will sell their papers. Conversely, it was also found that some government officials, in the guise of national security, overtly classify information bits that ought not to be classified. Drawing from the foregoing, it was recommended that journalists should develop checklists that will ensure that national security reports must predominantly be devoid of technical and location details that are capable of putting lives and programmes in jeopardy. It was further recommended that news reports on national security must be truthful, accurate and must also be backed by a compelling need to reveal it in an ethical manner in contradistinction to wanton disregard.
The Impact of Information Disclosure on Goodwill Impairment in Merger and Acquisition Decision in Nigerian Banks (Published)
The need for quality accounting information is to bring investors’ in an economy. Investors require financial position of business asset to be prepared in line with the international accounting standards. Goodwill as an asset requires quality reporting in accordance to the Nigerian GAAP. Provision of goodwill impairment in Nigerian banks has been provided on SAS26 for Financial information. Questionnaires were administered to the bank staff and preparers of financial statements for banks. 10 banks were selected for the study. Chi-square was used as a statistical tool from the data analysis. Form the study it was found that financial reporting in Nigerian universal banks recognized goodwill impairment in a low term for merger and acquisitions. The quality of accounting information disclosure in respect of goodwill has been low. Nigerian universal banks should ensure there is enough information in respect of goodwill impairment before taking merger and acquisition decision as this will foster quality decision. Also Nigerian universal banks should providing adequate and accurate information in foot notes of financial statement in respect of goodwill impairment
Proper Dissemination of Information on Climate Change: A Comparative Study of the Roles of Official and Indigenous Language in Nigeria (Published)
This study compares the roles of official and indigenous languages in Nigeria for proper dissemination of information on climate change. Questionnaire was used for data collection. A total of 130 questionnaires were distributed to civil servants in Ibaji Local Government Council of Kogi State, Nigeria to seek their opinions on the proper information flow on climate change in the country through official or indigenous languages. Out of 130 questionnaires distributed, 125 of them were completed and returned. A quantitative analysis was adopted to compare the roles of official and indigenous languages in Nigeria for proper dissemination of information on climate change based on the returned questionnaires from our respondents. The result show that although both official and indigenous languages in Nigeria play significant roles in proper dissemination of information on climate change, people prefer information disseminated to them in their native language(s) to the one giving to them in the official language (English). It is also discovered that most people at the grassroots, especially the illiterates, are yet to be properly informed about the implications and management of climate change and this is due to lack of proper awareness through their indigenous language(s). Dissemination of information on human and environmental challenges such as climate change should, therefore, be done in the indigenous language(s) of the people.