Tag Archives: Information

Access to information on lead poisoning in Anka Local Government in Zamfara State (Published)

Lead poisoning is a global problem in the 21st Century. It cause permanent brain damage, kidney disease, nephropathy, seizure, coma and even death in some cases (Mousa, 2015). Lead exposure accounted for 494,550 deaths and loss of 9.3 million disability-adjusted life each year (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), 2015). The highest burden is in low and middle-income countries. IHME also estimated that lead exposure accounted for 12.4% of the global burden of idiopathic developmental intellectual disability, 2.5% of the global burden of ischemic heart disease and 2.4% of the global burden of stroke. Exposure to lead contaminated soil and dust resulting from mining has caused mass lead poisoning and multiple deaths of people in Nigeria, Senegal and other countries (WHO, 2017). The problem is more prevalent in Zamfara state especially in Bagega of Anka local Government Area where hundreds of lives are lost on annual basis. Bagega and its environs are part of the region where active artisanal gold mining is being carried out in Zamfara State, Nigeria.  Thus, the poisoning outbreak is very severe in  the  region. During the period of lead poisoning outbreak, a joint research was conducted by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), US Center  for  Disease  Control  and  Prevention  (CDC),  Blacksmith  Institute  (BI)  and  World  Health  Organisation (WHO).  It was revealed that out of about 120 children examined, 96% were found to show life threatening Pb concentrations in their blood (Galadima, 2012).

 

Keywords: Anka Local Government, Information, Lead Poisoning, Zamfara State

The Efficiency in the Cognitive Representation of Information among the Students’ Enrolled in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hail in the light of some variables (Published)

The present study aimed to identify the extent of efficiency in the cognitive representation of information among the students’ enrolled in the faculty of education at the University of Hail. The study’s sample consists from 320 female and male students. The researcher used the cognitive representation scale which was developed by Rajab (2007). It was found that the level of the cognitive representation efficiency is moderate among those students. The efficiency in adopting the feature comparison model is ranked first. The efficiency in adopting the cognitive network modelis ranked second. The efficiency in adopting the spreading activation model is ranked third. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ cognitive representation efficiency level which can be attributed to gender. The latter difference is for the favor of females. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic year. The latter difference is for the favor of fourth year students. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic achievement level. The latter difference is for the favor of the students whose academic achievement is excellent.

Keywords: Cognitive, Efficiency, Hail, Information, Representation., Students, University

Factors Influencing Radio Adoption Decision of Rice Farmers in the Dissemination of Agricultural Information in Zamfara State (Published)

This study examine the factors influencing radio adoption decision of rice farmers in the dissemination of agricultural information in Zamfara state. The research study applied agenda setting theory to show how selection of topics and packaging of agricultural content impact on rice farmer’s uptake of agricultural information. The research use a structured questionnaire to collect data for the study. A multi-stage, simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted to select a sample of 350 farm respondents. The data collected were analyzed using a descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage and logit regression analysis to estimate factors influencing radio adoption decision in knowledge sharing. The estimate shows that, age, farming experience, access to agricultural information via radio, association membership and gender are significant at 5%, 1% and 10% respectively. It is therefore recommended that, more radio stations should be develop and should also partner with agriculture institutions to overcome challenges that both side experience

Keywords: Adoption, Agriculture, Decision, Factors, Information, Radio, Rice Farmers, dissemination, influencing

The Electronic Library Services and Its Patronage among Undergraduates in the Faculty of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria (Published)

The role of Electronic Library Services in any academic institution, most especially in human life cannot be overemphasised in this 21st century as they are technological advancement which has increased the role of information as a result of social progress and vigorous development in science and technology. However, the new and emerging technology changed the traditional process of learning, teaching, research and the way education is managed. The pace of change brought by these new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live, work and play in the world. The study seeks to determine what the use of these electronic library services in Osun State University will mean to the undergraduates in the faculty of Health Sciences in relation to their studies. The population of the study consists of all undergraduates in the faculty of Health Sciences of Osun State University, Osogbo. The faculty has a total number of 1369 undergraduates. A stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting 200 undergraduates in the aforementioned faculty. 144 total number of respondents was used for the study. Both sexes from the various departments were also included in the study. They were well analysed and used to prepare the tables.

 

Keywords: Electronic Library Services, Faculty of Health Sciences, Information, Nigeria, Osun State University

Another Look at the Possibilities and Challenges of Citizen Journalism in Nigeria: A Narrative Review (Published)

This paper highlights the possibilities and challenges of citizen journalism. A narrative literature review was employed as the method of analysis. Data sources included web of science and Google scholar. The study highlighted that citizen journalism offers professional and non-professional journalists alike opportunities to be active participants in news content creation. Revealing the negative aspect of citizen journalism, the study postulate that in as much as citizen journalism has no editors (gatekeepers) to verify the truth on news and information disseminated, it, therefore, has no credibility and authenticity source because, in the world of endless information, credibility is an essential ingredient for information seekers. To curtail some of the issues affecting citizen journalism/participation, the study recommends that participants (citizen journalists) should try as much as possible to ensure that their news and information are edited by professionals before they are published.

Keywords: Citizen Journalism, Credibility, Information, gatekeepers, media professionals

Information Quality: Definitions, Measurement, Dimensions, and Relationship with Decision Making (Published)

Quality data is inevitably an important pre-requisite for managerial decision-making, especially when the decisions made can have far-reaching consequences for the organization. Hence, scrutinizing the information obtained and demanding that the information meets certain features are paramount to achieving sustainable organizational performance. The present paper provides a roadmap on the definition of Quality Data, its dimensions and relationship with decision making effectiveness. 

Keywords: Decision Making, Information, Quality Data.

Another Look at Mapping the Territory: Seven Traditions in the Field of Communication Theory (Published)

Each passing day, we come across different signs, images, and symbols as well as impression flashing before our eyes. Different messages collide to prompt our own sense of reasoning. How we process and digest the diversity of information and understand the symbols of what each message means is something to be looked upon. There have been a lot of theories that has tried to explicate the nature of human communication and how human comprehend symbols as well as how it is applied in a given society or community, this is so because there are different, individualistic perception of a particular form of communication symbols and sign due to the complex nature of assimilating the meaning and application of communication. These have made different traditions of understanding, communication to be formed to better explain different concepts and viewpoint of communication. This paper reviews Robert Craig propounded model that encapsulates the field of communication into seven traditions. These are known as the semiotic, the phenomenological, the cybernetic, the socio-psychological, the socio-cultural, the critical, and the rhetorical traditions”. Thus, each of this tradition, captures a different aspect or specialized area of communication and knowing each one gives new and sometimes conflicting viewpoints on why we relate and comprehend the information we absorb on a daily basis.

Keywords: Information, Messages, Seven Traditions of Communication, Symbols, communication

Another Look at the Political Economy of the Mainstream and New Media (Published)

This paper examined the political economy of the mainstream and new media, it explicates how media industry, the political economy of the media and capitalism affects the accessibility of information in the new media. The study established that the political economy of the media deals with the generation and distribution of resources (film, social media, online newspapers etc) and that power (capitalism) affects it. The paper’s design method is a narrative literature review and the data sources included Google scholar, blogs, Google, and the web of science. Books, print journals, magazines, were also used. A narrative review was conducted between March –May 2017. The paper outlined and discussed the issues raised, into themes concerning political economy of the media; new media; Marxist and Pluralist view of media ownership; the political economy of the new media and the influence of capitalism on the accessibility of information from the new media. The study revealed that capitalism is one of the driven forces that affects the pluralism and democratization of information on the internet; due to capitalism some classified information are sold and copyrighted

Keywords: Capitalism, Democratization, Information, New Media, Pluralism, Political Economy

Availability of HIV/AIDS Information to Women in Ikom Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out to determine how HIV/AIDS information was made available to women in Ikom Local Government Area.  Survey method was used through the administration of questionnaire. 300 copies of the questionnaire were distributed. The return was 90%.  It was revealed that, due to poverty and the low level of education, the women found it very difficult to have access to available HIV/AIDS information whenever it was made available.  It is therefore, recommended that adult schools should be established in all Local Government Areas of Cross River State especially Ikom Local Government Area to educate the women and sensitize them about the dangers of this deadly disease and how to prevent it especially from mother-child. By educating the women, it will enable them access available HIV/AIDS information at the appropriate time. Women should be empowered so that, they do not rely entirely on men financially.

Keywords: Availability, Cross River State, HIV/AIDS, Ikom Local Government, Information, Women

Youtube on Utilization of Information on Contagious Diseases by Medical Students in Teaching Hospitals in Abia and Imo States (Published)

Medical students in teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States are believed not to be influenced by YouTube on utilization of information on contagious diseases. To reveal whether they receive information on contagious diseases through YouTube is the bases for this study. The survey research method was adopted to investigate a total population of 709 medical students of the two teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States respectively. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data for the research. Information were provided for the students to ascertain their level of agreement and the result shows that YouTube provides medical students with  information on the pattern of the infection/ spread, information on how to avoid contacting an infection, It gives them news on outbreak of contagious diseases and others. The paper therefore concludes that YouTube influences medical student’s utilization of information on contagious diseases.

Keywords: Abia State, Contagious, Diseases, Imo State, Information, Medical Students, Utilization, YouTube

Teaching Materials: Role Play Simulation on Business E-Negotiation (Published)

This paper presents new teaching materials on business e-negotiation subject through the development of two-party role play simulation plus detailed instructions and teaching notes regarding an internet domain sales process. The case was designed with the purpose to understand how important is anchoring in negotiations where the asymmetry of information is the non-written rule of the game and the improvement of writing skills when negotiating. The role play simulation is designed to: (a) provide negotiation teachers with educational tools and new insights about how to deal with asymmetry of information in business e-negotiations (b) enhance students’ skills on mutual gains approach, value creation, joint fact findings, consensus building and (c) provoke debates in classroom regarding to e-negotiations.

Keywords: Anchoring Effect, Asymmetry, E-Negotiation, Information

Improving Teaching of English Language through ICT for National Curriculum Consciousness: Limitations of Teachers in Nigeria (Published)

In Nigeria today, almost all human endeavours have imbibed the culture of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to boost the process of activities, but education sector is yet to optimally utilize the multidimensional opportunities inherent in computer use in pedagogy as it is done mostly in the western world. This review has identified the use of computer by developing software to teach English language contents. Teachers’ motivation has also been located as one of the indices that can improve teachers’ utilization of ICT facilities to achieve the pedagogical goals. Lack of existing localised programme and software plus dearth of computer in Schools, coupled with insufficient knowledge of computer use among practitioners have been identified as limiting factors to the use of ICT by Teachers. It is recommended that the training and retraining of teachers on ICT is very pertinent in achieving optimal goal of ICT utilization among teachers in Nigerian Schools.

Keywords: English Language, Information, Technology, communication

Risk Management Best Practices and Challenges Encountered In Implementing the Risk Reduction Strategies in Industries (Published)

The need to ‘mainstream’ disaster risk reduction into development is a call to address risks emanating from natural hazards. This, states Benson and Twigg in their guidance notes for use by development organizations, on tools for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction; is evidence of the challenging situation. This paper is an exploration of best practices that can be undertaken by industries to reduce risks. The paper also discusses some of the challenges encountered in implementing risk reduction strategies. The authors thus conducted a study in Eldoret Municipality in the Rift Valley region of Kenya. Purposive sampling was used to select the industries and simple random sampling to select the study units which included Managerial staff and operational workers as well as labor officers in the Ministry of labor (Public Health Officers), fire brigade officers, Kenya National Environment Management Authority (KNEMA) and the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) Regional officials. Interviews and questionnaires were used for data collection. Data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics. Hazard identification, risk assessment, control and monitoring while bottom-up communication and consultation model provided an important best practice for risk reduction. This study will help employers develop emergency response plans for risk reduction.

Keywords: Hazard, Information, Intervention strategies, Risk Assessment, Risk Management, Risk reduction

The Management of Information and Operational Risk in both the Public and Private Sectors (Published)

: Information technology is widely recognized as the engine that drives any growing economy, giving industries a competitive advantage in global markets, enabling the federal government to provide better services to its citizens, and facilitating greater productivity as a nation. Organizationsin the public and private sectors are beginning to depend on technology-intensive information systemsto successfully carry out their missions and business functions. Information systems can include diverse entities ranging from high-end supercomputers, workstations, personal computers, cellular telephones, and personal digital assistants to very specialized systems (e.g., weapons systems, telecommunications systems, industrial/process control systems, and environmental control systems). Information systems are subject to serious threats that can have adverse effects on organizational operations (i.e., missions, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the nation at large by exploiting both known and unknown vulnerabilities to compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the information being processed, stored, or transmitted by those systems. Threats to information and information systems can include purposeful attacks, environmental disruptions, and human/machine errors and result in great harm to the national and economic security interests of the nation. Therefore, it is imperative that leaders and managers at all levels understand their responsibilities and are held accountable for managing information security risk—that is, the risk associated with the operation and use of information systems that support the missions and business functions of their organizations.

 

Keywords: Information, Management, Operational Risk, Public and Private Sectors

The Importance of Cadastral Survey Information for Effective Land Administration In Nigeria (Published)

Cadastral survey information is a subset of spatial information that is concerned with identifying and maintaining legal boundaries of properties. Land administration in Nigeria must of necessary involve a cadastral input; since land must be discussed in terms of location, extent size shape size shape ownership rights and encumbrances. Cadastral survey information has been positively improved by the advancement in computer and space technology and as well as techniques of information gathering, storage and dissemination for good land administration. Since land plays a major role in human activities. The task of any cadastral survey information is to register in a concise manner ownership-rights and other relationships between man and the land. There will be numerous problems in the country if there is no up-to-date digital database for effective land administration system. At present most of the maps being used for development in all the parts of the country are maps produced over two decades. This made development in some areas difficult because some of the locations on the maps had been physically built-up.

Keywords: Administration, Cadastral Survey Land, Information, Mapping

Constraints to Use of Soil Quality Maintaining Strategies in a Climate Change Stricken Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

The study assessed constraints to use of soil quality maintaining strategies among crop farmers in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents for the study. Data were collected using interview schedule and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. Results show that 65.00% of the respondents were females. Majority (60.00%) were married, with 54.16% having household sizes of not less than 6 persons. Most serious constraints were inadequate finance and capital intensiveness of some strategies. Significant relationships existed between age (r2 = 0.152, p < 0.05), sex (c2 = 5.21, p < 0.05), household size (r2 < -0.212, p < 0.05) and constraints to use of soil quality maintaining strategies. There was significant difference in the extent of constraints to use of the strategies between male and female respondents (t = -1.12, p < 0.05). It is recommended that individuals should save funds for soil quality maintenance. Moreover, programmes aimed at reducing constraints to use of the strategies should be patterned according to severity of the constraints between male and female farmers.

Keywords: Constraints, Information, Maintaining Strategies, Perception, Soil Quality

Uses of Information and Communication Technology in Teaching and Learning of Clothing and Textiles in Ebonyi State University (Published)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the uses of information and communication technology in teaching and learning. Clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki, Nigeria. Two specific objectives with two null hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was a survey. The population consisted of 106(10 staffs and 96 students of Home Economics Education). There was no sampling because the population was manageable. Questionnaire was used for data collection while frequency and mean statistics where used to analyze the data. Result revealed that I.C.T such as computer and projectors are not used in the teaching and learning of clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki. There is no significant difference between mean level of staff and students of Home Economics education on the uses of computer and projector in teaching and learning of clothing and textile in the area of study. It was recommended among others, that there should be at least one computer and data projector in each classroom and the entire classrooms should be equipped with smart boards.

Keywords: Clothing, Information, Technology, Textiles, communication

The Importance of Cadastral Survey Information for Effective Land Administration in Nigeria (Published)

Cadastral survey information is a subset of spatial information that is concerned with identifying and maintaining legal boundaries of properties. Land administration in Nigeria must of necessary involve a cadastral input; since land must be discussed in terms of location, extent size shape size shape ownership rights and encumbrances. Cadastral survey information has been positively improved by the advancement in computer and space technology and as well as techniques of information gathering, storage and dissemination for good land administration. Since land plays a major role in human activities. The task of any cadastral survey information is to register in a concise manner ownership-rights and other relationships between man and the land. There will be numerous problems in the country if there is no up-to-date digital database for effective land administration system. At present most of the maps being used for development in all the parts of the country are maps produced over two decades. This made development in some areas difficult because some of the locations on the maps had been physically built-up.

Keywords: Administration, Cadastral Survey Land, Information, Mapping

Impact of Social Media on Agricultural Extension in Kenya: A Case of Kesses District (Published)

The introduction of social media and web 2.0 applications has opened up a platform that agricultural extension officer’s, farmers, agricultural institutions and non-governmental institutions utilize to disseminate and exchange agricultural information. The objective of the study was to assess the use of social media as a source of agricultural information with reference to farmers in Kesses District. The study adopted a descriptive survey and the major data collection tools were interviews from farmers who use social media platforms. The study purposively sampled farmers in Kesses District and data was analyzed both descriptively. From the analysis, it is evident that there is immense need for agricultural information among farmers in Kesses District. The study reveals that farmers in Kesses District have diverse source of agricultural information for example the internet, social media and extension services. Majority of farmers approach the use of social media in agricultural information seeking with a positive attitude, pointing to the assumption that social media is largely beneficial and convenient as a source of agricultural information. Among the most common challenges faced include poor network access, power outages, and costly charges when accessing the internet. This study recommends that information centers can be established in Kesses District whereby farmers can obtain agricultural information online and that social media should be fully utilized to provide; feedback, complement extension programs, access local and international markets and complement communication campaigns whose goal is to bring about agricultural development.

Keywords: Agriculture, Farmer, Information, Kenya, Social media, extension

THE EFFECT OF USING ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE THE VALUE CHAIN IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS – EMPIRICAL STUDY (Published)

The study aims to introduce the conceptual framework of the value chain as an analytical method for business organizations, and the analysis of the role of accounting information systems and the effect of their use in improving the value chain of the business organizations. The two researchers developed a study tool (questionnaire) based on the theoretical framework and previous studies. 64 questionnaires have been distributed to a sample of the study population, which consists of employees in the finance department of public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain. 50 questionnaires have been adopted and 14 were excluded due to their incompatibility with the analysis. Using the appropriate statistical analysis tools for the study data (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and testing of T-test One Sample) the researchers found a deficiency in the level of the availability of the basic components of accounting systems and the level of the quality of accounting information required to improve the value chain of business organizations in public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain in general. According to the results of the analysis the researchers recommended the need to work on improving the level of the basic components of accounting systems to improve the quality of accounting information, in order to improve the value chain of public shareholding industrial companies in the Kingdom of Bahrain; specifically in regards to the existence of clear and specific work procedures in the accounting system, the level of the effectiveness of internal control measures, clear definition of responsibilities and authority, and management’s attention in training and continuing education programs for employees.

Keywords: Accounting, Decision Making, Information, System, Value Chain