Impact of Technology on Alternative Dispute Resolution in Nigeria and the Birth and Challenges of Online Dispute Resolution (Published)
Technological advancement has impacted every sphere of human endeavours including the dispute resolution space. Dispute is bound to happen between parties in commercial transactions. Traditionally, such dispute was known to be resolved through the adoption of any of the alternative dispute resolution mechanisms which requires parties meeting physically at an agreed location. However, the advent of Covid-19 in Nigeria hampered the operation of physical meeting for dispute resolution, hence, the adoption of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) mechanism which is a novel development in Nigeria. It is against this background that this paper seeks to examine how technology may have improved Alternative Dispute Resolution, the origin and challenges of the operation of ODR in Nigeria. This research adopted a qualitative research methodology using doctrinal method of research. It places reliance on library resources. The paper found that there is no specific regulation for the operation of ODR in Nigeria which may pose danger for enforcement ODR agreements or its award. More so, high cost, poor or lack of internet services, inadequate ICT knowledge, poor power supply, amongst others are also potential challenges for smooth operation of ODR in Nigeria. The paper concluded that ODR mechanisms seems to be the most effective means for providing access to justice for online consumer and resolution of disputes without the need for physical contact. It was recommended that the Arbitration and Conciliation Act should be amended to recognise electronic signatures and virtual disputes resolution process and treat issues relating to enforcement of online terms of settlement or agreement.
Integration of Information Communication Technology in Planning for Instruction in Early Learning in Bungoma County, Kenya (Published)
There is a growing recognition of the many different ways that Information Communication Technology can contribute to, or transform, the activities, roles, and relationships experienced by teachers and in early childhood education settings. The objective of the study was to examine the integration of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in planning for instruction in early learning in Bungoma County, Kenya. The study was guided by Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Framework (TPACK) by Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler’s. The study population included Early Childhood Development (ECD) teachers, education officers in charge of ECD in the county and public primary school headteachers. Simple random sampling was used to obtain 177 ECD teachers which is 10% of 1,768 ECD teachers from 884 public primary schools in Bungoma County. The study adopted a descriptive research design. With regard to ICT integration in instruction planning, ECD teachers in Bungoma County perceive that use of ICT is helpful in the pre-planning and post-planning of instruction and the use of ICT helps to make learning concepts more concrete. In addition, the teachers indicated that the use of ICT helps in the preparation of teaching records, such as a teaching plan and a work plan. Teachers, however, perceived that the use of ICT in instruction planning reduced the teacher-learner interaction of the classroom. Providing incentives for a smooth incorporation of technology into education involves students, school managers, curriculum coordinators, and parents to take an active role in assessing the value of curriculum inclusion in the classroom. The study recommends that the government improves the numbers of ICT devices in school to improve on the ratio of the ICT devices per pupil, facilitate ICT training for teachers and lastly, development of local content.
Contribution Of Information Communication Technology To Effective Teaching And Learning Of Agricultural Science In Some Selected Public And Private Secondary Schools In Ibadan North East Local Government In Oyo State (Published)
This study investigates contribution of information communication technology to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science in some selected public and private secondary schools in Ibadan North East Local Government in Oyo State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted and a total population of one hundred (100) students and twenty (20) teachers; fifty (50) students from Ten (10) of the public and private secondary schools respectively and Ten (10) teachers from Ten of the public and private schools were randomly selected for the study. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect information and a simple percentage and frequency count was used to analyses the collected data also the 4 point likert scale analysis was used to identify various contribution of ict to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science among both the teachers and students in the study area. The results of the findings showed that the use of computer technology in teaching and learning of agricultural science makes the subject more simple, understandable and improves the understanding of the students. It also revealed that students do not have adequate access to Information and Communication Technology ( ICT) facilities in their schools except on their phones. Furthermore, the finding showed that majority of the private secondary schools are using computer technology effectively. In-service training on the use of computer technology and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) should be organized for the teachers and students in public secondary schools by the government.
Digital libraries are emerging concepts in Nigeria, and digital literacy is a necessary tool or skill needed in making use of resources in the digital library. Most Nigerian libraries are faced with challenges in library usage and services due to inadequate literacy and digital skills required to make maximum use of digital library. This in turn has led to digital divide among both users and staff. Libraries owe it to their users, to make information accessible to all, irrespective of their locations, languages and literacy levels, as libraries support all forms of literacies from basic to digital. How then, can all these be made possible if users are not digitally literate?. The study hope to bring to light the essence of digital literacy in digital libraries, consequence of not being digital literate, and ways libraries can promote digital literacy. The study employed qualitative approach as research design. The researcher searched online journal articles, databases and looked at various studies carried on digital literacy, the importance, digital libraries, implication of digital literacy in libraries and ways libraries can promote digital literacies in their libraries with focus on Nigeria and proffered solutions for tackling the menace of digital divide to digital libraries and to the society generally.
The transformation of the financial sector of the Nigerian economy has always occupied a cardinal position in the economic policies of all political administrations in Nigeria. Using electronic banking as a platform, the cashless policy was introduced to further deepen the financial market microstructure. This study examined the impact of cashless policy on the profitability of Nigerian banks, against the backdrop that these banks in a cash based economy are known for their huge profits even in the face of associated high cost of operations. Basically, will banks in the cashless regime still make as much profits as they use to make? To address this, secondary data were collected and analyzed using content analysis comparing profits under cash based policy with a cashless regime. The results revealed that cashless economic policy positively impact on banks’ profit through reduction in cost of operations and banking the unbanked populace.
Role of Information System Security in the Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya: A Survey of Information Communication Technology Firms In Nairobi (Published)
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kenya have reluctantly laid focus on information system security which has hampered growth in most firms resulting in stagnancy. Like the rest of Africa, SMEs in Kenya are faced with exertions of malicious system corruption, espionage, electronic fraud and malicious hackers. Consequently, Information Communication Technology (ICT) SME firms fail to reap the benefits of information system security such as firm growth and economic opportunities. This study sought to establish the role of information system security in growth of SMEs in Kenya. It sought to establish the role of technology, infrastructure, finance and quality control on the growth of ICT SMEs. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population included the operational managers of various ICT firms in Nairobi. Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used for data analysis. The study found that quality control, followed by finance, and technology contributed most to the growth of ICT SMEs in Kenya. Infrastructure was found to be the least contributor. This study recommends that extra attention should be given to information systems security in the ICT industry. It further recommends that ICT SMEs should devote more attention to quality control, finance and technology, to ensure that information systems are secure, efficient and effective.