Tag Archives: Information and Communication Technology

Feasibility of ICT use in teaching physics at the senior high schools in Ghana (Published)

The study employed a descriptive research design to explore the feasibility of information and communication technology (ICT) use in the teaching of physics in Ghanaian high school classrooms. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 70 practicing physics teachers from 23 Senior High Schools (SHSs) in Ghana. The study showed that the practicing physics teachers were not using ICT in their current teaching practices owing to barriers such as lack of ICT resource and lack of knowledge and skill that are ICT-oriented. However, the practicing teacher of the study showed positive attitudes and beliefs toward the use of ICT for physics instruction and expressed their willingness to participate in training programmes to foster their teaching practices with ICT. The study therefore advocates that the use of ICT as an instructional tool for physics teaching in Ghanaian high school is feasible but requires that substantive assistance be given to teachers in order to equip them with ICT-related pedagogical knowledge and skills to facilitate their teaching practices.

 

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, barriers of ICT use, high school physics, opportunities of ICT use.

Using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Adult Education for Promoting Right Democratic Values in Nigeria (Published)

Democracy as a system of government that recognizes the power of the people to rule is practiced in Nigeria by adults that are constitutionally defined as those who are 18 years of age and above. This paper observes that the people who should be in control of power have not recognized themselves as true power-holders who should be actively involved in democratic processes but are rather used by perceived “power-holders” in distorting democratic processes which bestowed power on them. This is attributed to lack of knowledge of the power bestowed on them by democracy to elect and remove any official who fails to protect their interests, welfare and aspirations. The paper establishes that this lack of knowledge stems from lack of quality information on democracy and its nexus and hence the bedrock of the prevailing democratic situations in Nigeria characterised by various negative democratic manoeuverings (such as electoral malpractices, denial of right to choose leaders or representatives, lack of freedom of speech, etc) leading to inability to deliver dividends of good governance to the people. This according to the paper leads to social ills and problems such as crimes, poverty, unemployment, etc. The paper proffers solution to this problem by proposing ways through which information and communication technology (ICT) could be used as a vehicle through which a large proportion of adults could be conscientized on the strength and power bestowed on them through democratic processes. The paper concludes that when people (adults) exercise their democratic powers and strength, dividends of good governance would be delivered while social vices and problems would be averted.

Keywords: Adult Education, Democracy, Democratic Values, Information and Communication Technology

Information and Communication Technology Integration in Higher Education: Inequitable Access in Nigeria (Published)

The study was designed to investigate the availability of Information and Communication Technology facilities among undergraduate students.    Descriptive survey method of the cross-sectional research design was used for the study.  A stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 600 from the population of undergraduate students in Rivers state Nigeria.  A self-assessment instrument, ICT Facilities Availability Inventory – IFAI, developed by the researcher was used to collect data from the sample.  The reliability of the instrument was determined through the test-retest method and a reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained.  Three experts in the field of Educational Technology and two in Measurement and Evaluation confirmed the face and content validity of the instrument.  Six research questions were answered using frequency and percentage while five hypotheses were tested with Chi-Square at 0.05 alpha.  The results showed that undergraduate students had more access to laptops and mobile phones and less access to tablet PC and broadband connectivity.  Also, over thirteen percent of students do not have access to ICT facilities.  There was significant difference found on gender, modes of study, age, level of study and course of study. The conclusion is that there is inequitable access to ICT facilities among undergraduate students.

Keywords: Access, Computing device, Higher Education, Information and Communication Technology, Internet facilities

Communicative Competence in English as a Foreign Language: Its Meaning and the Pedagogical Applications for Its Development (Published)

This study aims to describe the educational situation of English for Specific Purposes within the Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies of Monastir, Tunisia. In order to explore the attitudes of learners in this institution, a questionnaire was adopted. Scrutiny of the results shows that an overwhelming majority of these students are motivated to study English but there are some constraints related to time-table and the use of information and communication technology. Ultimately, this study aims to improve the educational situation of English for Specific Purposes in the Tunisian higher education.

Keywords: English for Specific purposes, Information and Communication Technology, Learners‟ attitudes, Motivation

Students’ Perceptions of Esp Courses: The Case Of The Preparatory Institute For Engineering Studies Of Monastir, Tunisia (Published)

This study aims to describe the educational situation of English for Specific Purposes within the Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies of Monastir, Tunisia. In order to explore the attitudes of learners in this institution, a questionnaire was adopted. Scrutiny of the results shows that an overwhelming majority of these students are motivated to study English but there are some constraints related to time-table and the use of information and communication technology. Ultimately, this study aims to improve the educational situation of English for Specific Purposes in the Tunisian higher education.

Keywords: English for Specific purposes, Information and Communication Technology, Learners‟ attitudes, Motivation

The Use of New Information and Communication Technologies in the Learning Process (Published)

Not only in the field of education but also in many other forms of social expression and action, a period of fundamental changes can be observed due to the incorporation of new data imposed by the technological revolution. However, the process of integrating Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the learning process requires coordination, system change and radical transformations. These changes should be incorporated into curricula, while active teachers should have ongoing training on new technologies. In such a context, this paper comes to explore the views of secondary education teachers on the use of information and communication technologies in the learning process. In particular, a sample survey was conducted to determine the degree of utilization of new information and communication technologies in the learning process, especially in secondary school teachers in the Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania. The statistical software SPSS 23 was used to analyze the data obtained from the questionnaires. Tools and methods of descriptive and inductive statistics were used. The results highlight the low percentage of teachers who have received Level B certification and demonstrate the low level of ICT use by teachers, identifying at the same time all the factors affecting negatively their use and application.

Keywords: Certification, Educators, Implementation, Information and Communication Technology

Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception of the Use of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Three Colleges of Education in Ghana (Published)

The study sought to explore pre-service teachers’ perception about the use of ICT in the teaching    and learning of   Mathematics. Two hundred and forty two (242) level 200 teacher trainees offering the special Science and Mathematics programmes at Akatsi College of Education and St. Francis College of Education in the Volta region and OLA College of Education in the Central region of Ghana were conveniently sampled for the study. A questionnaire divided into three thematic areas namely perceived barriers in the use of ICT, current pedagogical practices and professional development and training needs of tutors was used to collect data. The study found that the use of ICT could help facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study also revealed the inability of college tutors to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics. It was concluded that college tutors need special ICT training courses to be able to effectively use ICT to facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Consequently the study recommended among others that the National Council for Tertiary Education in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and other stake holders of Education should organize special ICT training courses for college tutors in the field from time to time to equip them with those special skills and knowledge needed to enable them integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics in order to facilitate the processes.

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Mathematics, Teaching and Learning

Level of Availability and Utilization of Information and Communication Technology Facilities by Students: A Case Study of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo State Nigeria (Published)

This paper is an attempt to evaluate the availability and utilization of Information and Communication (ICT) facilities  by students in Federal Polytechnic Library, and also challenges the academic library faces in the area of adoption and utilization of ICT in their service delivery. Questionnaire survey approach was adopted. Primary data were collected with the aid of a four point likert scale questionnaire. Questionnaires were administered to Students of the study area. The Population for the Students at Federal Polytechnic Nekede  is 870 which was obtained from the Universities’ Information and Communication Technology block (ICT, 2017). The sample size is 290. The sampling technique used here is stratified simple random. To guarantee the reliability of the instrument, it was administered on ten(10)participants out of the envisaged population of the study. A test-retest reliability method of two weeks interval was conducted, response obtained were subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation method and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. To analyze data on the research questions of the study the researcher used descriptive statistical mean. The hypothesis was tested using the chi-square (x2) which is a statistical tool to test hypothesis about the relationship between means of groups. It was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that scanning machines, printer, CD-ROM, Computer, Flash Drives, Land Area Network (LAN) and Inverter were available but few. Also the majority of the students indicated that they use ICT to retrieve information (3.1), make research(3.1), disseminate information (3.0) chat with friends (3.1) and download files (3.0). Challenges such as unreliable telecommunication network (3.3) insecurity in the library (3.3) epileptic power supply (3.3) unreliable internet (3.0) and high cost of ICT hardware/software were identified as major challenges of availability and utilization of ICT in the school’s academic library. It was recommended however that these challenges be looked into both by the institution and government in order to address the challenges.

Keywords: Academic Library, Education, ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Nigeria, Students, Utilization

Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception of the Use of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Three Colleges of Education in Ghana (Review Completed - Accepted)

The study sought to explore pre-service teachers’ perception about the use of ICT in the teaching    and learning of   Mathematics. Two hundred and forty two (242) level 200 teacher trainees offering the special Science and Mathematics programmes at Akatsi College of Education and St. Francis College of Education in the Volta region and OLA College of Education in the Central region of Ghana were conveniently sampled for the study. A questionnaire divided into three thematic areas namely perceived barriers in the use of ICT, current pedagogical practices and professional development and training needs of tutors was used to collect data. The study found that the use of ICT could help facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study also revealed the inability of college tutors to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics. It was concluded that college tutors need special ICT training courses to be able to effectively use ICT to facilitate the teaching and learning of Mathematics. Consequently the study recommended among others that the National Council for Tertiary Education in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and other stake holders of Education should organize special ICT training courses for college tutors in the field from time to time to equip them with those special skills and knowledge needed to enable them integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Mathematics in order to facilitate the processes.

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Mathematics, Teaching and Learning

The Role of Knowledge Management Processes in Organizational Performance Applied Study in the Cement Company of “Ain Touta” (Published)

This research aims to identify the correlation and impact between knowledge management processes and organizational performance. To achieve this, it is relied on the key knowledge management processes, i.e., (knowledge diagnosis, acquisition, generation, storage, distribution and application). Organizational performance is expressed by the following focuses: (Growth and learning, internal processes, customer focus). The research was carried out at the Cement Company of “Ain Touta”, province of Batna, Algeria. The necessary data were obtained by a questionnaire prepared for this purpose. Many statistical methods were used, including Pearson correlation coefficient to measure the correlation between variables, T-test to determine the significance of this correlation, regression analysis, F-test to determine the significance of the regression equation, and R2 to explain the effect of independent variables on the dependent variable (organizational performance). The findings of the study are identical to the hypotheses. It is found that there are significant strong correlation and effect on all the focuses of knowledge management processes with the dependent variable “organizational performance”, through which a set of recommendations are presented.

Keywords: Information and Communication Technology, Knowledge, Knowledge Management, Knowledge Management Processes, Organizational Performance

ICT Adoption Attitude of Lecturers (Published)

With ex post facto research method, this study investigated the attitude of lecturers towards the adoption of Information and Communication Technology, abbreviated as ICT, in teaching and research in federal and state-owned universities in Nigeria. Four research questions and null hypotheses were respectively, answered and tested. A stratified sample of 400 lecturers (251 males and 149 females) was randomly drawn from one federal university and one state university. A factor analyzed 55 items instrument with high construct validity and three-factor loadings was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument, using the Cronbach alpha method, showed reliability coefficients of 0.67, 0.62, and 0.51 for attitude, competence, and accessibility factor loadings, respectively. Data analysis was done with the use of independent samples t-test and One-way ANOVA for testing the hypotheses. Results revealed that gender and area of specialization have no significant difference in the attitude of lecturers’ towards ICT adoption in teaching and research. On years of experience, moderately and less experienced lecturers are more competent in the use of ICTs than their highly experienced counterparts. ICT facilities are significantly more accessible the Federal university (University of Port Harcourt) than the State university (Rivers State University of Science and Technology). University management should motivate and encourage lecturers to participate in ICT training programs, lecturers especially highly experienced should be well motivated to develop their ICT competence.

Keywords: Area of specialization, Federal Universities, Gender, ICT, ICT competence, Information and Communication Technology, Lecturers, State universities, Years of experience, and ICT access; Adoption of ICT, attitude

Effects of Information and Communication Technology (Ict) Application on Academic Achievement of Students in Christian Religious Studies in Cross River State (Published)

This study investigates the effects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) application on academic achievement of students in Christian Religious Studies (CRS). This was necessitated by the fact that so much has been said about the use of ICT in Science-based subjects but little, if any is known about the role of ICT in the teaching and learning of CRS. The research design adopted for the study is a quasi-experimental, randomized pretest-posttest experimental design. Eight (8) public secondary schools and eighty (80) Senior Secondary School One (SSS1) students in Cross River State were selected by stratified random sampling technique. Three research questions were answered and three null hypotheses were posited and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The research instruments used for the study is Sample Selection Pre-test 1 and 2 (SSPT1&2), Projected Video Package (PVP) and ICT Facility Observation Checklist (ICT-FOC). The gathered data are analyzed according to research questions and research hypotheses using mean percentage, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study indicate that students taught using the Projected Video Package (PVP) performed better than those taught using the Conventional Instructional Strategy (CIS) in CRS; the male students revealed higher level of achievement compared to the female students; urban students that were taught using PVP performed better than those taught using CIS. Based on the findings, we recommend that educational authorities should train CRS teachers on the use of ICT in the classroom to enhance students understanding of the basic themes in Christian Religious Studies.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Information and Communication Technology, Media Availability

E-Training and Its Role in Human Resources Development (Published)

Nowadays, the rapid development of information and communication technologies in all areas as a key element in the success of any institution, and an important prerequisite for achieving competitive advantage and the ability to survive in an environment of rapid change. Hence, the need to invest the huge leap in communication and information technology and computer applications for use in e-training, as a program for achieving sustainable human development under the knowledge economy. This research paper aims to identify e-training as a new concept in human resources development from the logic of scientific progress, and the importance of information technology in the field of training, education and information awareness dissemination.

Keywords: E-training, Human Resources, Information and Communication Technology

An Adaptable Business Intelligence Model for Security Organizations (Published)

Business Intelligence (BI) shows prospect both in private and public sectors. It answers the questions of how things can be done and what result it holds. It was observed that most of the BI research centered on private sector with little or no attention to public sector like security organizations. With security organizations representing the heart of any society, the need arises for a well-integrated model that could aid security personnel towards an effective security implementation of any society. The paper studied one of the existing and popularly used model in Information System and observed the need to integrate a feasibility study for an effective BI system in the security organization. In conclusion, the paper developed an adaptable model that could help security organizations create better decision system and provision of a data warehouse of information.

Keywords: Business Intelligence, Information and Communication Technology, Knowledge Acquisition

AWARENESS OF VIRTUAL LEARNING AMONG STUDENTS OF TWO NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: CURRICULUM IMPLICATIONS (Published)

This study investigated the extent of awareness of virtual learning among students in two public universities in Anambra State. Guided by two research questions, a sample of 640 year three students was used. The survey research design was used. A researcher-developed questionnaire titled “Virtual Learning Awareness Questionnaire” (VLAQ) was used to collect data. The findings indicated that a greater percentage of the students were unaware of what constitutes virtual learning and its’ benefits. There were also differences between male and female students’ awareness of what constitutes virtual learning and its benefits. The findings imply that the students lacked much knowledge of what virtual learning entails and the benefits to their curriculum offerings. Consequently, they are not likely to highly engage in virtual learning to enrich their course curriculum. This could limit their global participation and make them lag behind other students in the international arena. Besides, the extent of awareness was higher for female than male students. There is the implication that this trend would result in gender gap in virtual learning against male students in the future. It was recommended that efforts should be made to improve virtual learning of students and such efforts would need to be targeted at reducing any gender gap and integrating virtual activities in curriculum delivery

Keywords: Benefits, Information and Communication Technology, awareness, curriculum content, global participation, virtual learning

TEACHING STRATEGIES IN BUSINESS EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY LEARNING IN THE NIGER DELTA (Published)

The study investigated teaching strategies in business education for sustaining information and communication technology learning in the Niger Delta. Two research questions were posed to guide the study and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A total of 245 lecturers were studied in the institutions that offers business education within the Niger Delta. There was no sample and sampling techniques for the study and so the study observed a purposive design, since the entire population was used for the study. Data for the study was collected through an instrument (questionnaire) named Teaching Strategies in Business Education for Sustaining Information and Communication Technology Learning in the Niger Delta Questionnaire (TSBESICTLNDQ). The TSBESICTLNDQ was a modified four point Likert scale, designed as very effective to not effective. Test-retest method was used to test the reliability of the items with face and content validity. The validity was done by twenty five (25) lecturers other than those used for the study and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. Mean rating and standard deviation was used to analyse the research questions and t-test for large group mean was used to test the hypothesis. Findings revealed that teaching strategies adopted by lecturers in Business Education Department are effective strategies for sustaining ICT learning. Not all lecturers teaching ICT adopts the strategies in business education for effective learning that is the reason why most lecturers do not build upon the strategies they already know to sustain information and communication technology learning in classroom as a result of their inability to adapt to the strategies that can assist them to be effective in classroom setting. Based on the findings, discussions and conclusions drawn, recommendations made amongst others were that university administrators in various institutions should organize workshops and seminars on teaching strategies in business education for sustaining ICT learning in their institutions. Heads of department who adopts the teaching strategies in business education for sustaining information and communication technology learning should sensitize others on the effectiveness of the strategies in teaching and learning

Keywords: Business Education, Information and Communication Technology, Learning, Niger-Delta, Strategies., Sustaining, Teaching