Quality of Teaching English and Factors Influencing Chinese Students to Prefer English as Their Major in University Education: An Example of School of Foreign Languages at Northeast Normal University; China (Published)
The purpose of this study is to understand the quality of teaching at school of foreign languages, Quality of teaching in terms of (Teachers’ Classroom Preparation, Subject Knowledge, Teaching Methodology, Assessment, Time Taken for Assessment, Course Contents, Classroom Environment, Consultation Hours, Learning Material used, Pace of Course, Course Requirements and Outcomes, and Students’ Respect). And to identify the factors that influence the Chinese students to prefer English as their major at undergraduate and graduate level of their study programs at university; rather than choosing other languages; such as Korean, German; French, Russian or other; as their major. The scope of this study is limited to the school of foreign languages; Northeast Normal University; where students come from different parts of China; most specifically from Southern, Central and Southeastern parts of China. Research Design: Mixed method research design is adopted in this study; in which “four point likert scale questionnaire” and “structured interview” are used to collect data. Quality of teaching is measured through questionnaire; which measures the “Teacher’s Performance” on the basis of twelve factors: Teachers’ Classroom Preparation, Subject Knowledge, Teaching Methodology, Assessment, Time Taken for Assessment, Course Contents, Classroom Environment, Consultation Hours, Learning Materials (Lesson Plans, Course Notes etcetera), Pace of Course, Course Requirements and Outcomes, and Students’ Respect. While structured interviews were conducted to identify the factors that influence Chinese students to prefer English as their major. Findings: Out of these twelve evaluation bases for teaching quality; almost every base has different rankings but the; Pace of Course; is ranked good and pedagogy and classroom environment; ranked poorly. Study also shows that there are three main factors which influence Chinese students to choose English as their major in university education, First and most common factors are the psychological factors; such as ‘getting new experience and wish to see other countries, preferably western countries. Second are the social factors; such as high school teachers and friends and family influence specially the suggestion of parents make Chinese students decide to learn and choose English as their major in university and prefer English over other languages. Third are the economic factors; that Chinese students perceive that after getting 4 years undergraduate and graduate degrees in English as major language will increase the job opportunities for them locally in China as well as in other countries
An Investigation into the Factors That Impede Scientific Research in Higher Education in Libya: Time to Act (Published)
Higher education and scientific research hold a key role in promoting development and rapid transformation for countries like Libya which is facing rapid changes and unstable political situation. There is a dire need in the Libyan educational system for a complete re-examination of research policy and planning in order to work towards improving its quality to meet the country’s needs. Given the current crisis in most Libyan universities, this study aims to investigate the factors that impede scientific research in Sabratha University. It also seeks to propose ways to improve research quality in the university. The findings of the study indicate that the lack of strategic plan for research is preventing the university from functioning and preserving its role in society. It also indicates that the lack of resources, fund and proper infrastructure are the main factors that influence scientific research.
Knowledge and Practices of Trans-Cultural Client Care amongst Practicing Nurses of Buea, Cameroon (Published)
Trans-cultural client care nursing has been described as the art of providing care to individuals, families, groups and community with a consideration given to the cultural background of the client in order to ensure compliance and improve health. It is a recommended and patronized strategy, due to its insistence on culture competence in care giving, as well as its potential to instigate culture desire in health care personnel. The objective was to investigate professional qualification, academic level, longevity of service, type of in-service training and the way the influence trans-cultural care nursing. It was also aimed at investigating knowledge of the importance, chronological steps, orientation in trans-cultural care, most appropriate person to provide information- trans-cultural communication and culture care preservation. Stratified samples of nurses/midwives working in Health Care Institutions in Fako Division, were administered multiple choice questionnaires, for a period of three weeks. One hundred and sixty five (165) participants filled the questionnaires and SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data collected and simple percentages were used to present the results. The results have demonstrated that: Nursing education, qualification and training influence trans-cultural client care among nurses/midwives in Health Care Institutions in Fako Division. It is thus recommend that Health Care Institutions should regularly organize seminars and workshops on the effective use and application of clients’ culture during care.