COLLATERAL DAMAGE: Civil Conflict and Child Mortality (Review Completed - Accepted)
Civil wars are the outcome of institutional failures. Child and infant mortality risk is impacted during civil war through
reductions in household’s income and assets and through mother’s health, nutrition and stress levels. When born, children
may suer from lack of services and an environment of diseases. Using DHS and the Prio Uppsala Battle Deaths for
Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Peru, the eect of conict on infant and child mortality is estimated. The
identication strategy is based on the classication of the child’s birthyear according to periods of peace or conict. Fixed
eects regressions nd that conict is more harmful during the rst year of life and that conict intensity matters. The
ndings suggest that governments engaged in civil war ghting should nd ways to provide health and nutrition assistance
to pregnant women and to make sure that newborns have access to health and sanitation services.
Keywords: Child Mortality, Civil War, Latin America, infant mortality
Knowledge Of Infant Nutritional Needs Among Residents Of Nsukka Cultural Zone Of Enugu State, Nigeria (Review Completed - Accepted)
Most children in Nigeria fall sick as a result of eating inappropriate food for a long period of time. Studies have shown that poor nutrition prevents children and communities from participating fully in social and economic life. In view of the above, the study examined the knowledge of infant nutritional needs among residents of Nsukka cultural zone in Enugu State, Nigeria.. Ten focus group discussions (FGDS) were held with 6 groups of mothers and 4 groups of fathers comprising young and old groups. The data were processed and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (Spss). The study found that many families are not aware that they can mash carrot, potato and cucumber and mix with meat broth and spoon feed their children. The findings highlighted the need to employ education to correct many of these cultural practices in infant feeding practices mostly found in rural Nigeria.
Keywords: Child health, Education, Knowledge, Malnutrition, Nutritional needs, The Nigeria, infant mortality