Sufis in Indonesia spread their ideology across the Indonesian Islands through trading, marriages, and Sufism teaching. They came to Indonesia through Sumatra Islands and then spread to other Islands in the west to the eastern part of Indonesia. However, the Sufism diaspora in Indonesia is limited to known, particularly the well-known Sufis and their roles in each island. Their origin and roles have also long been in debate due to a lack of documented resources. Through the historiography method, we studied the origin and the diaspora of Sufis in Indonesia islands in Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and Maluku islands and their roles in spreading Sufism in those islands. We found that number of well-known Sufis from Middles East came to Indonesia through Sumatera Islands around the sixth century. From Sumatera island, they spread to other islands in the eastern part of Indonesia. We suspect that all of them taught Sufism to Muslim communities in all islands trading and marriage interaction. A number of artifacts which are resembled West Sumatra artifacts can be found in Java, Sulawesi, and Maluku islands. That evidence proves that the Sufis have contributed significantly to religious and social development in Indonesia.
The Influence of Intelligence on Lecturers’ Performance in Private Universities, Medan City, Indonesia (Published)
This study discusses about how lecturer intelligence can influence their perfomance. This research is a study that uses numerical numbers and changes feed approach to quantitative methods, with descriptive research. This research is conducted in Medan city. This study examines the performance of lecturers in private universities represented by universities that have lecturers of foundations with a long category of founding universities over 10 years, namely: (1) Islamic University of North Sumatra (UISU); (2) Muhammadiyah University of North Sumatra (UMSU); (3) Muslim Nusantara University (UMN); (4) Nomensen University; (5) Indonesian Methodist University (UMI); (6) Catholic University of Santo Thomas. The result shows that cognitive abilities tend to be “high” (53.33%). The average value of the overall cognitive abilities of lecturers in private universities in Medan is 81.92. Cognitive ability directly influences the performance of permanent lecturers in private universities in Medan.
Effect of Management Factor on Stochastic Frontier Production of Organic Rice Farming in Indonesia (Published)
The main problem in this study is the effect of management factor on stochastic frontier production of organic rice farming that emphasized production efficiency. The aim of this research was to analyze the role of managerial ability of farmers in organic rice farming production. This study was conducted on 216 organic rice farmers as a sample during two planting seasons with purposive sampling method. The sample was consisted of two farmer groups, i.e. Pangudi Bogo and Pangudi Raharjo in Dlingo Village, Mojosongo District, Boyolali Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research used stochastic frontier production function approach with cross section data and estimated with maximum likelihood estimation. The result showed that average value of production efficiency is 0.5928 and the most dominant variable in determining the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming was variable of farming system management.
Islamic education in Indonesia has been going on since the introducing of Islam in Indonesia starting with informal education that personal relationships between broadcasters of Islamic preachers who came to Indonesia with the surrounding community. A relationship that led to the initial recognition of the Islamic community, then began appearing of Islamic education in non-formal centers such as in the mosque. In this place was taken away in non-formal education, diverse learners are still a child and there are also adults. Once the need for education among the Muslim community, they begin to appear formal educational institutions such as schools, Islamic schools and madrasah as well as Islamic universities. Islamic education experience its dynamics in terms of both quantitative and qualitative in the light of the qualitative. Qualitative terms of Islamic education experienced rapid growth throughout Indonesia with thousands of Islamic boarding schools (pesantren), schools and madrasah. In view of the qualitative angle of Islamic education, has evolved from traditional education appears to be a modern Islamic education is able to provide its response to the progress of the times and was able to give contribution to the development of the nation, and the state. On the relation with this, the Islamic education in Indonesia has a very important position and strategic, because that is the Law of National Education System that Islamic education occupies a position as a sub-system of the National Education System.
This article describes the potential roles of diaspora community in Indonesia and Taiwan relations. Diaspora community is important to Indonesia and Taiwan relations in the context of people to people and business to business relations as back bone of Indonesia and Taiwan relations since there is no diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Taiwan. Indonesian diaspora has potential roles in number, and Taiwanese diaspora (overseas Chinese) has potential in investment and trade. However, Indonesian diaspora still handled as non-government organization, while Taiwan already have special institution to handle it in the context of overseas community relations. Diaspora play important roles to spread information and develop positive image of the country, but it still need to improve common understanding between Taiwanese and Indonesian vice versa. This non-government relation may spill over to the higher level relations in term of government relations.
Language is not only as communication tool but also have potential as political tool. In the context of International Relations study, language can be used as state political tool in the context of cultural diplomacy. Language is used to influence foreign public and develops positive image. Bahasa Indonesia have potential as a tool of Indonesian cultural diplomacy. It is supported by the Indonesia position as the largest country in Southeast Asia and Bahasa Indonesia is used by majority in the region. This article focus on the way to develop Bahasa Indonesia as a tool of Indonesian diplomacy by learning from other countries experiences like Japan Foundation of Japan, Confucius Institute of China, and Goethe Institute of Germany. From those countries experiences there are three strategies that can be considered to develop Bahasa Indonesia as cultural diplomacy’s tool. First is the establishment of Indonesian cultural and language center including with the programs. Second is the development of cooperation with education institutions such as university to open Bahasa Indonesia program under their Asian studies. And strengthening Indonesian position in economic and politics, especially in the region as significance factor the importance of Bahasa Indonesia.
The Complexion in the Theology Concept of Moslem Batak Toba Lecturers in University: Case Study in Indonesia (Published)
This study is aimed at describing the theology concept of Moslem Batak Toba lecturers in Universitas Negeri Medan (UNIMED), Indonesia. Therefore, he methodology used in this study was ethnography approach, which is part of the qualitative method. The techniques used in collecting the data were observation, interview and documentation. From this study, it can be found that there are three (3) tendencies of Moslem Batak Toba lecturers’ theology concepts. They are naqliyah, ‘aqliyah and “new theology”. In conclusion, Moslem Batak Toba lecturers in UNIMED have complexion in theology concept but the complexion always relates to their culture, religion and ideology even though in the “new theology” they can separate the area of culture and religion.
The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)
This study was conducted to examined the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.
Bawean Islands has four main marine tourism objects among another marine tourism. The four of them are Noko island, White-sand beach, Mayangkara beach, and Sangkapura Harbor. Through years, the number of visitor coming to these islands gets decreased. That is why, an evaluation of visitor satisfaction and service quality of Bawean Islands is needed.The evaluation method used was importance performance analysis (IPA) by comparing performance and importance of supporting Bawean Island marine tourism development. Bawean can be considered to be accommodation facility, cleanliness performance, and availability of public bathing, washing and toilet facilities. From the importance rate, the visitors commonly think that beauty and originality of Bawean marine tourism object is quite important to develop Bawean marine tourism since ecologically, the four tourism objects have a super excellent ecology.