Tag Archives: Individual

Individual Variables and Crime Vulnerability Among Teenagers in Secondary Schools in Ikom Education Zone of Cross River State – Nigeria and Counseling Needs (Published)

Citation: Philip A. Okpechi  and  Ambor A. Ogar  (2022) Individual Variables and Crime Vulnerability Among Teenagers in Secondary Schools in Ikom Education Zone of Cross River State – Nigeria and Counseling Needs, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 13-21

Abstract: The very reason of this study was to investigate the influence of individual variables on crime vulnerability among teenagers in secondary school in Ikom Educational Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria.  The independent variable is attitude to stealing while dependent variable was crime vulnerability.  Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study.  The population of the study was six thousand three hundred and thirty-nine (6.339) Senior Secondary three (SS 3) students in eighty-four public secondary schools in Ikom Education Zone.  The sample of the study was 450 respondent selected form seventeen secondary schools in the study area.   Proportionate sampling and simple random sampling technique were used to select the schools and subjects use for the study.  The instrument used for data collection was researchers made questionnaire titled individual variables and crime vulnerability questionnaire (IVACVQ).  The instrument was validated by two experts in Test and measurement and one Expert from Guidance and Counselling both from the University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State.  Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient estimates of the instrument were between .72 to 87 which indicated that the instrument was highly reliable.  In order to achieve the purpose of the study, one null hypothesis was formulated and tested at .05 alpha levels using simple linear regression analysis.  The result showed that students attitude to stealing have significant influence on crime vulnerability among the subjects.  Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that counselors should direct counseling towards addressing teenage crimes – in the society.

Keywords: Individual, Variables, Vulnerability, teenage crimes

Socio-Environmental Factors and Dehumanization of the Individual in Twists of Fate by Gichaba Nyantino (Published)

This paper examines how Gichaba Nyantino, in Twists of Fate, captures dehumanizing effects of contemporary developments in Kenyan society. The paper explores how the author depicts the urban city socio-environment as a backdrop that offers individuals opportunities to navigate through the twists of life in the modern Kenyan society. The study engaged a theoretical framework that embraces psychoanalytic, formalism and cultural theories. The primary methodology of the study involved a close literary analysis of the text, Twists of Fate. An analysis of the thoughts of the characters as presented by the author was key to understanding the extent of dehumanization. Socio-environmental factors of humanization differ from one social set-up to another. In this case, there are different ways in which people get frustrated in varied social institutions. Nyantino’s Twists of the Fate reflects the factors that affect the youths today in the contemporary society, especially in Africa, particularly within the Kenyan society. The youth are the most prone or vulnerable to the challenges of urban centres like drug abuse, robbery, peer pressure, poverty, mugging, crime and the like. The author focuses on issues that the youths grapple with. Lack of dialogue in the family set up has led to falling out among family members and the disintegration of the family and society at large. In this case, Yuna and Maria, due to misunderstanding, develop a conflict that draws them apart. Yuna’s life later is ruined due to the demeaning situations or twists of fate that she encounters.

Keywords: Dehumanization, Gichaba Nyantino, Individual, Socio-Environmental Factors, Twists of Fate

A Study on Cadets’ EFL Learning Styles Preferences: The Case of Sylhet Cadet College (Published)

Learners’ learning style preference is one of the vital issues in the EFL (English as a Foreign Language) arena. Different learners learn English differently. But there must be a close proximity between the teachers’s preferred teaching style and the learners’ preferred learning style. The present study was done on 145 senior cadets of Sylhet Cadet College. The situation of English in cadets is no doubt good. But there are still some teaching systems that must be reconsidered and therefore renovated teaching styles based on cadets’ style preference should be introduced. To conduct the survey a questionnaire was followed. The findings show that various cadets belong to various categories of learning style. A brief analysis of the findings is presented. Besides, this paper offers some suggestions for the teachers based on the findings of the survey.

Keywords: Cadets, Group, Individual, auditory, authority- oriented, communicative, deductive, field-dependent, field-independent, inductive, kinesthetic, learning styles, visual


A formidable unique effect is expected when language, individual, society and culture are studied together. The result shows that languages reflect rather than create social-cultural regularities in values and orientations than has previously been identified. Language has profound influence on an individual’s self-image. Interpersonal events help to set the stage. The characteristics of languages are regarded more as indicators of social relationship. Anthropology attributes to language teaching such importance as it does to the grammatical or phonological aspect. Added, fieldwork expects familiarity with the tribal language. For example, an expression in a primitive language may be totally unintelligible unless considered in its cultural context and related to circumstances in which it occurs. This makes language a guide to social reality and a symbolic guide to culture. Culture indeed satisfies both the basic and integrative needs of the individual and society. Consequently, language, the individual, society and culture constitute a unique approach, congenial to language teachers.

Keywords: Culture, Individual, Language, Language Teachers, Society, cultural competence