This paper explores the determinants of rural to urban migration decision in China. We use Logit models to examine the effect of a variety of different factors on individual migration choice. The empirical analysis is based on the data of Chinese Household Income Project (1995). We find that males are more likely to migrate. Age has an inverted-U shaped effect on migration. Marriage has a negative significant effect on migration. The rural individuals with professional school and middle professional school educational levels are less likely to migrate. Household head in the family is more likely to migrate. Membership of Communist Party or national ethnic minority has a negative effect on migration decision. Individuals with non-farm working experiences are more likely to migrate. Finally, some policy implications are derived based on the findings.