The Role of Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge in Integrated Termites Management Strategies: A Case of Nedjo District, West Wellega, Ethiopia (Published)
This research looks at the role of Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge (FIK) in integrated termite management strategies in Nedjo district, West wellega, Ethiopia. The study aims to document and better understand indigenous farmers’ knowledge and experiences on termite infestation and its controlling methods. The study employed a research strategy using both desk and case studies for primary data and secondary data. The data was collected through individual interviews, key informant interview, FGD, PRA and observation. The semi-structured interview guide, topic lists and PRA tools were used to collect the primary data. The collected data was grouped, summarised, discussed and interpreted by theme qualitatively. The main causes of termite infestation were said to be deforestation, overgrazing and inappropriate soil and water conservation practices. Farmers mentioned that the severity of termite infestation became more serious as a result of land degradation and increased soil acidity. The study also found that farmers were able to identify susceptible and resistant crops, trees, herbs and grasses. Most susceptible crops to termite damage are maize, teff, and hot pepper. Sorghum, finger millet, and haricot bean were mentioned to relatively resistant to termites as compared to maize, teff, and hot pepper. The study concludes that Integrated termite management strategies should focus on rehabilitating the degraded land while the strategies should create income for farmers.
Ethno Veterinary Medicine Knowledge and Practices In and Around Gondar, Ethiopia (Published)
A cross sectional study was conducted from November, 2013 to April, 2014 in and around Gondar town, northern Gondar administrative zone of the Amhara region with the objective of documentation of ethno veterinary medicine knowledge and practices and identifying the challenges of the traditional medicine practice by using semi structured questionnaire survey and focal person discussion. The information was collected on 96 traditional veterinary medicine knowledgeable live stock owners, among those 90(93.8%) were males while 6(6.2%) were females and 60(62.5%) of them were above 50 age group level. During the study 68 traditionally used medicinal plants and 24 non plants traditional remedy materials were documented and also the study was indicate that 45 live stock diseases could be treated locally. Among the total respondents, 43(44.8%) of them were predominantly indicate veterinary clinic was the common animal health management. likewise from the main sources of traditional knowledge, family (44.8%) followed by friends (19.8%) were the most sources of indigenous knowledge. furthermore, study revealed that simple to practice (25%), cost affordability (20.8%) and easily availability of raw materials (16.7%) were the most factors that drive for the practice of traditional medicine. The survey were indicate that root parts (67.7%) followed by leaf parts (35.4%) of the medicinal plants were the main plant parts for remedy preparations again pounding and crushing(79.2%) were indicate as the common methods of traditional remedy preparation predominantly. Additionally this study revealed that liquid dosage form (54.2%) followed by an ointment (20.8%) were the most dosage form of traditional remedies with predominant administration of oral route (75%) followed by topical routes (22.9%). Regarding to challenges of traditional medicine practices the study indicated that imprecise dosage (62.5%) was the main challenge of traditional medicine practice. The study revealed that as there were no any medicinal plant conservation activity and official training. From the study, conservation and utilization of medicinal plants, encouragement and exploitation of indigenous knowledge rich persons and further pharmacological study of medicinal plants should be recommended.
The High Impacts of Asante Indigenous Knowledge in Biodiversity Conservation Issues in Ghana: The Case of the Abono and Essumeja Townships in Ashanti Region (Published)
The time-tested, resilient and proactive indigenous knowledge of the Asantes were and are still indispensable in the conservation of the biodiversity resources in the Ghanaian community. The researcher critically analysed the high impacts of Asante indigenous knowledge systems in the areas of taboos, cosmological beliefs and totems in conservation issues in the Abono and Essumeja townships. Using the qualitative research approach with descriptive study, document analysis and case study research methods, the study revealed the enormous impacts of the of indigenous knowledge systems in constantly monitoring the attitudes of residents toward the wanton destruction of the biodiversity resources in the environment. Key informants like Asante chiefs, elders, old indigenes, caretakers of some reserves in the area as well as some youths were purposively and stratified random sampled and interviewed to solicit for their views on the impacts of these Asante knowledge systems in conserving the high taxas of flora and fauna species in the traditional area. Direct observations of the impacts were carried out by the researcher and his research assistants while analyzing historical documents of the Abono and Essumeja Townships. The study concluded that these indigenous knowledge systems must not be brushed off as superstitious nonsense. Rather, they must be critically weighed with the assistance of culturists to select the valid and modern-applicable aspects of the indigenous knowledge systems and synergize them with the academic scientific knowledge systems in formulating biodiversity conservation policies and strategies in Ghana.
Ethnobotanical Survey Of Medicinal Plants Used For The Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus In Ekiti South Senatorial District, Nigeria. (Published)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common deadly disease that affects mankind in both the poor and developed countries of the world. It is rather unfortunate that the number of people suffering from this disease particularly in Nigeria is on the increase. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document medicinal plants commonly used for the treatment of DM by the inhabitants of Ekiti South Senatorial Districts of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study revealed that 30 plant species belonging to 12 families were cited by the respondents as being used in the area for the treatment of DM. Mangifera indica and Alstonia boonei of the families Anacadiaceae and Apocynaceae respectively, were repeatedly mentioned as the two mostly used plants for the treatment of DM in the study area. About 53.33% of the plants cited were reported as being rare, thus further studies on their conservation strategies were suggested.
Bequests and Veracities of African Indigenous Knowledge System As a Means of Improving Music Education (Published)
Each generation, since the beginning of human existence, has sought to pass on cultural and social values, traditions, ethics, religion and skills to the next generation. The passing on of culture – enculturation and the learning of social values and behaviours -socialization replicate and reverberate human history together with the history of knowledge, beliefs, skills and cultures of humanity. In Africa tradition, music is an integral part of life linked with the worldview of the society in which it is produced. It has social, ritual, and ceremonial functions as well as some purely recreational purposes. Furthermore, quite a few African musical activities are ritualized and intended to link the visible world with the invisible. Traditional art forms, including music, are rooted in mythology, legend, and folklore which are associated with gods, ancestors and heroes. The values left behind by the forefather should not be meddled with and should be properly guided and monitored such that its relevance and values would be thoroughly employed as a means of improving the teaching of music education in African educational setting. Library search were used to source for information. This paper concludes that there is need for a paradigm shift to indigenous based curriculum for identity and uniqueness.