Analysis of Mechanisms for Promoting Local Content towards National Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of NOGICD ACT, the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) and its Community Content Guideline (CCG) (Published)
The quest for the growth of indigenous businesses and investments in the nation’s economy and necessity to maximize participation of Nigerians in oil and gas activities have prompted the “indigenization” policy which was first articulated as a legal instrument in the Nigeria’s Petroleum Act of 1969. The paper considers the situation where the region that produces the bulk of national wealth and contributes so much to global oil wealth, is at the same time, the region where local dwellers ravaged in extreme poverty as reason for the government to constantly review its approach and strategy towards achieving the intention for indigenization. The paper assesses the various initiatives set forth to position Nigerians to fully access the benefits and opportunities within the nation’s oil and gas industry. It observes that the NOGIC Act 2010 which gives birth to the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) and the consequential Community Content Guideline (CCG) constitute a paradigm shift in the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The paper concludes that considering the current global economic order, the NOGIC Act provides a viable path to sustainable national economic development while the Community Content Guideline CCG is a veritable vehicle for fast tracking development in community context.
A Comparative Study of Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Erksan’s Adaptation: Indigenization and Reception of the Play in Turkish Culture (Published)
William Shakespeare’s plays have been vastly adapted to movies by many directors all over the world. Metin Erksan (1929-2012), a Turkish director was one of the mentioned ones. His movie Intikam Meleği – Kadın Hamlet (1977) considered a modern adaptation of Hamlet. This paper intended to present a comparative analysis of Hamlet and its Turkish adaptation with a specific focus on similarities and differences in light of the adaptation theory. Adaptation theory as this study’s main framework will result in finding the news meanings of both Hamlet and its movie .The paper also going to focus primarily on three questions that proposed by Hutcheon and O’Flynn (2013) theory of adaptation including ‘What’, ‘Where’, and ‘When’, since it is quite important to focus on the changes that occur in the transfer from telling to showing mode. The paper aimed also at answering questions such as what features of Hamlet transferred in this adaptation (i.e. Plot, characterization, setting, and themes), how the context of Hamlet is transcoded in this adaptation, finally how did Erksan indigenize Hamlet. In conclusion, what will result from this analysis is that Erksan modified the movie so that it could fit with Turkish society, its traditions, and culture in the 20th century.
This work aims at restoring the importance of social sciences within Bangladeshi communities. It also aims at creating a sort of deep interest or devotion among Bangladeshi researchers leading them to go deep into local knowledge and get inspiration in order to develop theories adapted to the realities of their societies. It demonstrates in a practical way the usefulness of the social sciences in any development enterprise. Being true that rural Bangladeshi com-munities are laboratories where indigenous techniques are developed, then, Bangladeshi researchers must use appropriate approaches to analyse that social facts place them at the centre of any scientific action. They must go and meet the locals (Bangladeshi men) at their site of knowledge where creation and invention are made in order to produce scientific knowledge able to induce social transformation. The indigenization of research itself is a scientific approach dealing with cultural facts whose investigation tools must necessarily contribute to knowledge production directly usable for the targeted social group. Therefore this article is a plea for endogenous research that development policies often ignore.