By the end of 2016, nearly 5.2 million refugees and migrants reached Europe undergoing severe hardships. Torn apart by war and persecution, most people arrived in Europe from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and other countries. Since 2015 many have lost their lives or have gone missing. Women and Children are among the most vulnerable. Policymakers and academics have long proposed cross-regional comparative analyses of policies and laws to enable different regions to learn from the experiences of each other. Against this background, the article provides a comparative overview of the refugee rights and concerns in the EU and in India. The article demonstrates the possibilities for sharing and learning from each other good practices concerning protection of the rights of vulnerable groups and integration provisions.
Bangladesh-India Lead Acid Battery Case: Importance of WTO’s Dispute Settlement Mechanism and Lesson for LDCs (Published)
Bangladesh-India trade dispute over India’s imposition of anti-dumping duty on Bangladesh’s lead acid battery export is a significant event in the history of World Trade Organization’s (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism. After 10 years of WTO’s establishment, this was the first instance when a least developed country (LDC) challenged a much stronger economy at the highest level of trade related international legal process. After the beginning of the legal proceedings, India’s decision to go back to negation table to find a mutually agreed solution and subsequent termination of anti-dumping duty proves that the process is important for making the big economies follow the norms and laws of international trade. In addition, the very existence of such mechanism acts as a deterrent against arbitrary enactment of unfair, unlawful and unilateral trade measures. Finally, this is a milestone for other LDCs to overcome the psychological barrier of standing up against stronger economies and claim their fair rights in international trade regime.
Oc Eo is one of the ancient cultures in the Southern part of Vietnam, which belonged to the ancient Funan Kingdom. The ancient Funan was the earliest nation formed and developed in Southeast Asia between the 1st and 7th century AD. In its heyday, the Kingdom was highly developed in terms of society, economy, and great military power. Oc Eo port was considered as an important international market and also one of the centers of culture and commerce of Funan. When considering Funan, it was Oc Eo that was mostly mentioned, the economy and culture of Oc Eo reflected that of Funan. What belongs to this culture now is only in the form of antiques, artifacts and monuments scattering throughout the lands in southern Vietnam such as An Giang, Kien Giang, Tien Giang, Dong Nai, Long An and Tay Ninh province, etc. particularly Dong Thap which is known for the historical site and relics of Go Thap which bear all the hallmarks of India such as Go Minh Su, the Sun God temple, Shiva temple, Vishnu temple, God Pond, God sculptures, golden Buddha, stone, wood, and reliefs. Each single relic and artifact in Go Thap contains cultural and religious values of India. Currently, the historical site of Go Thap which has been excavated by well-known archaeologists both national and international is ranked as the special National Monument. Therefore, the aim of this article is to elucidate the influence of Indian culture on that of Oc Eo, namely the culture of Go Thap in terms of religious beliefs, architectural shrines, god sculptures, and reliefs.
A Comparative Study of the Pedagogy of Learner-centred Education in Bangladesh and India with Special Reference to Cultural Dimensions (Published)
This paper has addressed an important policy issue of two countries – Bangladesh and India, with regard to educational reform since both the countries consider Learner-centred Education central to long-term educational change. The comparative study is based upon Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions framework. The analysis shows some similarities along with some dissimilarities in matter of pedagogical implications of Learner-centred Education in these countries. The study gives the guideline to the researchers and policy makers.
Reexamining India’s Counter Terrorism Strategy (Published)
Terrorism in India is looked at as one of the aspects of maintenance of Law and Order which is a subject matter of federal units under the Indian constitution. Hence the Police Departments of the States which are responsible for maintaining law and order deal with terrorism, which is not enough. Central Government of India and Central Security Forces should be playing an important role in Planning and execution of confrontation with terrorism. But technicalities of the constitution do not make it possible. That is why; Central Government has set up a National Counter Terrorism Centre. It has not yet been put into practice, because of the resistance by federal units. If India wants to manage terrorism in real sense, then it is imperative to consider terrorism as a federal Crime and National Emergency like incidents. In order to prohibit such criminal acts, India needs to initiate a comprehensive internal security like US and Israel.