Contribution of School-Based Income Generating Activities in Quality Education Provision in Secondary Schools Managed by the Catholic Diocese of Moshi, Tanzania (Published)
The purpose of this study was to find out the contribution of school-based income generating activities (IGAs) in quality education provision in secondary schools managed by the Catholic Diocese of Moshi (CDM). This study was conducted in October, 2017 in 12 secondary schools managed by the CDM comprising 8 co-education, 2 girls and 2 boys’ secondary schools. The study adopted a quantitative approach under a cross-sectional survey research design. A sample size of 252 respondents was selected to be part of this study; this included a total of 168 Students and 72 Teachers using stratified and simple random sampling. The study also automatically involved 12 Heads of schools. Data was collected through self-administering Questionnaires to the Heads of schools, Teachers and Students; and Document Analysis Schedule for examine Form Four National Examination results from secondary schools selected as a sample of the study. The data obtained was analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14, into percentages and frequencies; and presented by using tables. The results of this study indicated that; crops, vegetable and poultry farming were the main school-based IGAs in secondary schools managed by the CDM; provision of teaching and learning materials as the most contribution of school-based IGAs to the secondary schools managed by the CDM; lack of entrepreneurship skills among the school-based IGAs stakeholders was the main challenge affecting Heads of Schools in management of school-based IGAs in secondary schools managed by the CDM; and finally a suggestion of creation of awareness and cooperation’s among the school-based IGAs stakeholders were the main possible solution to challenges facing Heads of Schools in management of school-based IGAs in the secondary schools managed by the CDM. This study concluded that school-based IGAs are very useful alternative ways of producing additional funds as they enable secondary schools managed by the CDM to solve financial problems. The study recommended that; Heads of Schools, Teachers and Students should be given special entrepreneurship training on transparence and accountability before the design and implementation of any school-based IGAs in secondary schools managed by the CDM.
Keywords: Education Sector, Income Generating, Quality Education, Secondary Schools, Tanzania