Incidence of Domestic Violence among Married Women in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the social determinants of domestic violence in rural areas as a yardstick for determining the pathways through which socio-cultural processes influence women’s susceptibility to marriage. A cross sectional research design was adopted for this study and quantitative data were collected using the Severity of Violence Against Women Scale (SAVAWS) that was developed by Marshall (1992). Domestic abuse was discovered to be prevalently experienced in rural areas. Also, the study discovered six factors that influence the experience of domestic abuse among rural women namely: drunkenness, financial demand, rebuffed sexual advances, annoyance nature of the male partner, cultural and stereotypical beliefs of the communities as well as a combination of any of these factors. It needs to be emphasized that among these six factors, financial request was mostly pointed out as the reason domestic violence occur in rural areas, which is an indication that rural men commonly experience financial stress. This may be due to the high rate of illiteracy and unemployment among rural women as well as the extended family relationship that exist in rural communities.
The Incidence and Detectability of Phlebitis by Healthcare Professionals in a 1,200 Bed Teaching Hospital with No Vascular Access Team (Published)
Infusion phlebitis can be caused by a multitude of factors including the chemical nature of the infusion, the catheter type, insertion and care technique, and factors leading to catheter or site contamination. A cross-sectional study of 100 randomly selected charts of patients were reviewed for the occurrence of phlebitis and IV-related adverse event. In addition, an 8-item questionnaire that assessed 51 physicians’ and nurses’ knowledge of phlebitis and aspects of prevention and care was administered. 95 of the 100 patients were included in the study. Overall phlebitis incidence was 36.8%. Three cases of infiltration and one of extravasation were also documented. The median interquartile range (IQR) score was 62.5 (50-75). This study reports a moderately high incidence of phlebitis and other IV complications. It suggests the need for a better system of documenting phlebitis, and the need to be consistent in compliance with CDC guidelines for line longevity
The Sins and the Punishments: Towards the Incidence of Domestic Violence and Its Extenuating Circumstances in Ghana (Published)
This paper was carried out to examine the prevalence of domestic violence and possible extenuating circumstance in the Kintampo South District of Ghana. The target population of the study was predominately women. 200 of these women were selected purposively to participate in the study. Structured questionnaires were used to gather primary data. Secondary data were obtained from academic research data bases including EBSCO, Google Scholar and Cross-Ref. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the field data. Respondent’s participations were purely voluntary. The study revealed forms of domestic violence as follows: Rape, Torture, Molestation, Battering, Forced Labor, and feticide. Extenuating Circumstances were discovered as follows: Medical response, Counseling Law enforcement, Public education, Media blitz, Role of Gender Activists and psychologist. Also it was found that there is a significant (X2 = 98.19, df = 8, p-value < 0.05) association between women educational level and rape experience. Moreover, the study revealed a significant association between women age and rape experience. Again, there is a significant (df = 16, X2 = 248.14, p-value<0.05) association between women educational level and force marriage experience. There is a significant association between women age and forced marriage experience. It is concluded that nobody should ever think that the blight of domestic violence is over neither in Ghana nor many other developing countries. The domestic violence scourger still lives. The proposed extenuating measures should be taken serious by policy maker to avert the situation. Development psychologists are also needed to aid behavioural studies.