Public Policy Management in Nigeria: The implications of implementation contracting for policy outcome (Published)
This paper examined how public policy implementation contracting affects policy outcomes in Enugu state, Nigeria. It is common knowledge that for the purposes of convenience, cost reduction and a number of other considerations, the implementation of public policies is sometimes contracted to non-governmental bodies. Much as this has some obvious advantages, there are other disadvantages that eventually affect the outcome of such policies. The investigation was carried out using structured questionnaire and interviews in addition to the observations of the researcher. The findings revealed that while there were temporary benefits accruing from policy implementation contracting, the conflict of interest between contracted agencies one hand, and the government and the public on the other often run contrary. Again, the mode of operations of implementation personnel often makes the policies repugnant to the public for which the policy is intended to assist thereby compromising their cooperation in achieving policy objectives. Recommendations included that public policy implementation should not be contracted to nongovernmental institutions whose operational principles and goals is at variance with the tenets of social welfare and public interest upon which public governance is founded.
Determinants of Sustainability for Fish Farming Project Initiative under the Economic Stimulus Programme in Kenya. A Case of the Central Constituency of Kirinyaga County (Published)
This study explored the determinants of sustainability for fish farming project initiative under the economic stimulus programme in Kenya. The specific objectives for this study were: project strategies, implementation process, a availability of capital and support services. A descriptive research design was used and both qualitative and quantitative were explored in this study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select this sample from each stratum and data was collected using instruments which were open and closed-ended questionnaires. A pilot test was conducted on 10% of the respondents to test the instruments for reliability and validity. Data was analyzed with the help of SPSS version 21 To ensure sustainability of fish farming, this study recommends that only areas with enough water resources and enough raw for the manufacture of fish feeds should be considered for fish farming. Fish feed is the most expensive component in fish farming the world over and this study also reaffirmed that it was among the major determinants of sustainability of fish farming. This study therefore recommends that the national government may partner with County governments and address how to make fish feeds affordable and readily available to farmers.