The High Impacts of Asante Indigenous Knowledge in Biodiversity Conservation Issues in Ghana: The Case of the Abono and Essumeja Townships in Ashanti Region (Published)
The time-tested, resilient and proactive indigenous knowledge of the Asantes were and are still indispensable in the conservation of the biodiversity resources in the Ghanaian community. The researcher critically analysed the high impacts of Asante indigenous knowledge systems in the areas of taboos, cosmological beliefs and totems in conservation issues in the Abono and Essumeja townships. Using the qualitative research approach with descriptive study, document analysis and case study research methods, the study revealed the enormous impacts of the of indigenous knowledge systems in constantly monitoring the attitudes of residents toward the wanton destruction of the biodiversity resources in the environment. Key informants like Asante chiefs, elders, old indigenes, caretakers of some reserves in the area as well as some youths were purposively and stratified random sampled and interviewed to solicit for their views on the impacts of these Asante knowledge systems in conserving the high taxas of flora and fauna species in the traditional area. Direct observations of the impacts were carried out by the researcher and his research assistants while analyzing historical documents of the Abono and Essumeja Townships. The study concluded that these indigenous knowledge systems must not be brushed off as superstitious nonsense. Rather, they must be critically weighed with the assistance of culturists to select the valid and modern-applicable aspects of the indigenous knowledge systems and synergize them with the academic scientific knowledge systems in formulating biodiversity conservation policies and strategies in Ghana.
Communities – Company Relation in Limestone Mining Region of Southwest Nigeria: The Ewekoro Socio-Economic View (Published)
A study to assess the socio-economic impacts of limestone quarrying and processing operations at Ewekoro, South-Western Nigeria has been carried out. Data were collected through the use of well structured pre-tested questionnaires and oral interview in order to assess the socio economic impact of quarrying and processing of limestone on the inhabitants of the community and the workers. The finding shows that limestone exploitation has both positive and negative effects on the host community and the workers. It also shows that the benefits derived by the host community like employment, good roads, schools and hospitals are insignificant when compared with the negative effects of the exploitation on the community which includes reduction in crop production, negligence of education by students, overcrowding and high competition for little-available social amenities. Besides, the socio-economic inputs of the company are not well felt by the communities due to politicizing of the executions. Appropriate recommendations were made to ameliorate these negative socio-economic effects.
THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY BASED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN ADWA, CENTRAL TIGRAY ZONE (Published)
Currently, climate change and its impacts is a key issue in Ethiopia. Adaptation to climate change is making a system suitable to moderate the impact of climate change or deal with the consequence or to take advantage of new opportunities. In line with this, the research has assessed the role of watershed management for climate change adaptation in Adwa in the case of mariamshewito Watershed. To address the above objective, the study used both qualitative and quantitative data type. In order to collect valuable information, semi structured questionnaire, focus group discussion, key informant guide checklist and observation tools from both primary and secondary data sources were applied. Similarly, different statistical methods such as percentage of frequencies, bar graphs, X 2 test, independent and paired sample T-Test and one way ANOVAs were used. The key finding of the research presents that due to different interventions the livelihood of the community was diversified and enhanced especially; income, soil fertility, crop productivity, forest, water and food availability become improved. Even if it has some gaps in the process of implementation such as lack of linkage between sectors, lack of targeting on the poor, young and women participation, weak stakeholder linkage. It is concluded that the watershed management can play a significant role to enhance household’s livelihood and cope with climate change impacts. Then, to fill the gap and go along the sustainability of the watershed, the study recommended based on the findings.
IMPACTS OF THUNDERSTORM ON FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN PORT-HARCOURT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OMAGWA, RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This research work evaluates the impacts of thunderstorms to flight operations in Port-Harcourt International Airport. This study focused on the monthly and annual occurrences of thunderstorms, trend/pattern of thunderstorm and its influence to the number of flight diversions, delays and cancellations. In other to evaluate this impact, six years data on thunderstorm frequency and the number of flight diversions, delays and cancellations were obtained. The statistical analyses employed were the Simple and Multiple bar charts and Pearson’s product moment correlation. From the analysis, it was observed that thunderstorms occur mostly in the rainy season months (monsoon periods) with an increasing trend within the years due to the meridionial movement of the weather/ITD zones. The study revealed that thunderstorm accounted for 32% of flight cancellation with 218 occurrences, 0.2% of diversion with 291 occurrences and 24% of delays with 526 occurrences at the airport from 2008-2013. From the Analysis, thunderstorms have a greater influence on the number of flight cancellations and delays than on diversions with the correlation value of r=0.57, 0.49 and -0.04 respectively. The study concluded that thunderstorms occur in the study area during monsoon periods and it has more impact on delay and cancellations than on diversions.
Environmental Impacts of Roadside Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes in Karu, Nassarawa State, Nigeria (Published)
The paper looked at municipal solid waste generation, disposal and the consequent environmental impacts Primary data was generated by carrying out oral interviews and field observations for holistic and in–depth assessment of the environment and the secondary data was obtained from desk review method, information on effects of municipal solid wastes on environment were obtained from relevant literatures. The interviews were semi-structured and a purposive sampling method was adopted and analyzed descriptively. The results of the findings showed that population growth and unplanned urban expansion has exceeded the expected limit in recent time with resultant ugly system of solid wastes disposal. Municipal solid wastes which contain both biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes are disposed at the shoulders of major highways in temporary dumpsites and are later evacuated by a waste management agency on a weekly basis. There is no organized house to house or street to street collection of the solid wastes. The study revealed that roadside disposal of municipal solid wastes has serious impacts on the environment. Some of these impacts include physical nuisance of the solid wastes to the environment, the solid waste dumps also serve as hideouts for rodents and snakes which are dangerous. The solid wastes are blown around by wind making the environment filthy, most of the wastes are also been washed by overland flow during heavy downpour to block drainage channels and subsequently lead to flooding of the environment. Most of the non- biodegradable solid wastes contain toxic chemicals which have serious implications on the environmental sustainability and human health. The paper therefore recommends that Government should come up with proper orientation and environmental laws should be put in place for the general public and also to provide necessary facilities and arrange for better methods of collection of solid wastes.
This study examines the pattern and impact of fencing in Auchi, Edo State Nigeria. The objectives among others identified the compliance to fence standards and the role of the planning authorities in the area. Data for this study were generated from primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires, field measurements and interviews were the major tools for data collections. The study observed that very many houses were fenced in the area but the fencing was without observance to building codes and standard. While some fences were constructed right on and over the right of ways, some were seen to be too high. This pattern of fencing was found to be having negative impacts on the development of Auchi. Among the impacts were traffic congestion, accidents, erosion and flooding and poor aesthetics. The study also observed that the planning authority in the area were not up to their responsibility in the control of development in Auchi. Among the recommendations given to correct this pattern of development were urban renewal exercise and the making of a master plan which will comprehensively guide the area for sustainable physical development.