Tag Archives: Imagination

Time, Change, and the Uses of the Imagination in Edmund Spenser’s Last Major Poems (Published)

The aim of this study is to examine Spenser’s last major poems— Prothalamion, Fowre Hymnes, and Mutability Cantos-—to show that though they differ greatly from one another, they all, like the second half of the Faerie Queen, share a retrospective quality, looking back on the earlier poetry from the perspective of middle age. They deal in various ways with time, change, and the uses of the imagination, where in each, the speaker works through a sequence of imaginings toward a more comprehensive, if not to a final, vision. Fowre Hymnes was published in 1596 with a reprint of Daphna Ida. In the dedication to the Countesses of Cumberland and Warwick, Spenser asserts that he wrote the first two in honor of earthly love and beauty in the “greener times of [his] youth,” but finding “that the same loo much pleased those of like age and disposition, which being too vehemently carried with that kind of affection, do rather suck out poison to their strong passion, than honey to their honest delight, I was moved by the one of you two most excellent Ladies, to call in the same” (YESP 690). Since too many copies of these hymns had got abroad for them to be recalled, he “resolved at least to amend, and by way of retractation to reform them” with two hymns of heavenly love and beauty The dedication thus, as William Oram reflects in “Introduction: Spenser’s Para texts,” gives the four poems a biographical structure (xxi): the first two are the work of youth, while the second pair embody the second thoughts—the revision—of wiser age. It raises questions of biography (how accurate is this account of their genesis?) and of meaning (how are the first hymns opposed to the later ones?).

Keywords: Change, Imagination, Time, edmund spenser

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock: A Poem about Prufrock’s Movements toward Poetic Maturity and Creativity (Published)

This paper represents a new approach to studying T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” It is an attempt to explore the poem’s theme by establishing connections among its parts, as well as by identifying similarities between Prufrock and the other characters mentioned in the poem. The poem features a lot of familiar social activities, with lines and phrases that are repeated and in which one can see elements of the main ideas of the poem. There is a dialectical relation between poetic creativity and everyday social activities. This study differs from previous attempts to understand it as principally a poem about loneliness and man’s modern crisis, or a poem about eroticism, by focusing on finding differences between Prufrock and the other characters in the poem. This fresh interpretation proves that the poem is concerned with Prufrock’s movements toward poetic creativity and maturity, with Eliot’s desire to be a poet being camouflaged within Prufrock’s character. The poem also tackles the problem of the insufficiency of language as a tool of expression. Yet, the end of the poem shows that Prufrock succeeds in crossing the threshold to the sea of imagination and creativity.

Keywords: Creativity, Eliot, Imagination, Ordinary, Prufrock, Readings

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock: A Poem about Prufrock’s Movements toward Poetic Maturity and Creativity (Published)

This paper represents a new approach to studying T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” It is an attempt to explore the poem’s theme by establishing connections among its parts, as well as by identifying similarities between Prufrock and the other characters mentioned in the poem. The poem features a lot of familiar social activities, with lines and phrases that are repeated and in which one can see elements of the main ideas of the poem. There is a dialectical relation between poetic creativity and everyday social activities. This study differs from previous attempts to understand it as principally a poem about loneliness and man’s modern crisis, or a poem about eroticism, by focusing on finding differences between Prufrock and the other characters in the poem. This fresh interpretation proves that the poem is concerned with Prufrock’s movements toward poetic creativity and maturity, with Eliot’s desire to be a poet being camouflaged within Prufrock’s character. The poem also tackles the problem of the insufficiency of language as a tool of expression. Yet, the end of the poem shows that Prufrock succeeds in crossing the threshold to the sea of imagination and creativity.

Keywords: Creativity, Eliot, Imagination, Ordinary, Prufrock, Readings

Applying Pictologics (Pls) Method in Teaching English to Malaysian Students: A Vygotskian Perspective (Published)

This paper examines the effects of applying Pictologics (PLS) method –developed by the author- on teaching English to Malaysian primary students (N=126, p≤.05). In a mixed methods design, students in two public primary schools in Penang, Malaysia participated in this study. The samples were almost equally divided into the treatment group which received their training with PLS, and the control group that received their training via a conventional method.  The instrument was a10-item questionnaire in multiple-choice and open-ended formats. The data revealed that students under PLS had a more positive opinion towards learning style; that is, imaginative usage of pictures which is generally exercised by PLS. This paper also briefly introduces PLS in terms of its principles and potentials in a Vygotskian perspective. The author encourages teachers and students to use the ideas and techniques of this method in order to enhance teaching and learning English

Keywords: Imagination, PLS, Pictologics, Pictures, Vygotsky

Critical Facets for Understanding and Enjoyment of English Poetry (Published)

In this article various critical opinions of prominent critics and poets on poetry and poems are to be examined in detail. Firstly, some statements and opinions, in connection with poetry are to be presented critically.  An acquaintance with poetry opens the mind to the wonder and joy of living and it can be related to ‘form’ as well as ‘meaning’ and how poets of different centuries have seen new and fresh possibilities within the unchanging limitations of poetry. It is also examined many critical observations of some particular poets and critics are done. This paper also related various poetical issues of great literary persons from classical age to modern age i.e. Horace to W. B. Yeats. In addition, the other poets such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Donne, Byron, Keats, Shelley, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Eliot and Auden are presented with apt instances. Finally the conclusion is drawn on the basis of the review of literature indicated.

Keywords: Appreciation, Creativity, Imagination, Metre, Poetry, Understanding

Imagery as a Character Delineation Technique for the Analysis of Loss of Identity in Desai’s “Clear Light Of Day” (Published)

Desai is famous for creating an intense atmosphere in her novels. Being an Indian Feminist writer, her novels deeply reflect the social and cultural background of Indian society. She, being a literary writer, has mastered in delineating various techniques in her novels that distinguish her from her contemporary female writers in literary world. As an eminent figure in the world of Literature, she has employed similes and metaphors in order to find out loss of identity issues in postcolonial era. This paper aims to draw attention of the readers to the hidden underpinnings in her novels.

Keywords: Colonialism, Identity Crisis, Imagination, postcolonial