Tag Archives: ICT

A survey on E-education of Information and Communication Technology (Published)

Education is the phenomenon and process of life time learning and teaching and training methods which cannot be bounded into colleges, schools and universities. In this phenomenon ICT has played a great and vital contributory role and which create smooth and flexible educational and training and teaching environment. ICT has played revolutionary role in the collecting and sharing knowledge and information to the students and teachers through   WWW (World Wide Web). An even villager also gets updated in their knowledge by collecting reference books course materials, educational tutorials through www. ICT has opened the door of various courses and training planes of Open universities, Distance educational Institutes to the households and professionals, even by accessing these courses and training sessions while seating in their homes and offices easily smoothly. Educational training session can be conducted as well as accessed without any geographical bindings with less spawn of time anywhere else. Now a day’s television and internet is also a great source of propagating the knowledge and information through ICT, where the formers and agriculturists can be learn new methodologies and the concepts which can be benefited to their agriculture field. Now a day’s most of the educational institutes also conducting online exams and tests through which human mistakes can be avoid In this paper we take a review and survey of Information and communication technology in educational fields and how it brought a Digital educational revolution in the form of e-education.

 

Keywords: E-education, E-leaning, ICT, Internet

ICT Adoption Attitude of Lecturers (Published)

With ex post facto research method, this study investigated the attitude of lecturers towards the adoption of Information and Communication Technology, abbreviated as ICT, in teaching and research in federal and state-owned universities in Nigeria. Four research questions and null hypotheses were respectively, answered and tested. A stratified sample of 400 lecturers (251 males and 149 females) was randomly drawn from one federal university and one state university. A factor analyzed 55 items instrument with high construct validity and three-factor loadings was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument, using the Cronbach alpha method, showed reliability coefficients of 0.67, 0.62, and 0.51 for attitude, competence, and accessibility factor loadings, respectively. Data analysis was done with the use of independent samples t-test and One-way ANOVA for testing the hypotheses. Results revealed that gender and area of specialization have no significant difference in the attitude of lecturers’ towards ICT adoption in teaching and research. On years of experience, moderately and less experienced lecturers are more competent in the use of ICTs than their highly experienced counterparts. ICT facilities are significantly more accessible the Federal university (University of Port Harcourt) than the State university (Rivers State University of Science and Technology). University management should motivate and encourage lecturers to participate in ICT training programs, lecturers especially highly experienced should be well motivated to develop their ICT competence.

Keywords: Area of specialization, Federal Universities, Gender, ICT, ICT competence, Information and Communication Technology, Lecturers, State universities, Years of experience, and ICT access; Adoption of ICT, attitude

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

Student’s Perception of Internet Use in Agricultural Colleges in Ghana: The Case of Kwadaso Agricultural College and University of Cape Coast Kumasi Campus (Published)

The objective of the study was to identify student’s perceptions about constraints affecting the use of the Internet in Agriculture Colleges in Ghana and to evaluate how those constraints can be addressed to enhance their professional capacity and productivity through the use of the information technology. The target population for this study consisted of 50 General Agricultural students at Kwadaso Agricultural College and 23 Agricultural Extension students at University of Coast Cape- Kumasi campus (UCCKC).  Data was collected using the descriptive methods of research. Information were collected from participants through a personal visit to the colleges. Findings indicated that students use the Internet about once a week. Most students had access to the Internet at school dormitories and through public cafes. Respondents indicated that use of the Internet was mostly for educational purposes. When compared across ages, results revealed that younger students (˂40 years) use more Internet than older students (˃40 years) for classroom work, preparing assignments literature review information seeking and social media. The findings were confirmed by the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) indicating that difference in the use of Internet for these various variables was statistically significant across age group with p-value of 0.00 at 0.01 level of significance.

Keywords: Agriculture Colleges, Extension Agent, ICT, Internet

Examination of ICT Compliance and Utilization for Curriculum Delivery among Social Studies Teachers In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought profound changes to almost all aspects of life, including educational practices. The role of ICT in the development of knowledge is widely recognized. This study investigated how teachers’ Compliance and Utilization of ICT impact on their curriculum delivery in Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and answered in this study. The study adopted survey design. The population of this study is 681 social studies teachers in 2015/2016 academic year, from where a total of 204 respondents were sampled. A 16-item instrument titled “ICT Compliance and Utilization Assessment Questionnaire” (ICUAQ) developed by the researcher and validated by experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Uyo was used for data collection with a reliability coefficient of 0.81, established through a correlation analysis. Data generated based on the research questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentage. Findings revealed that social studies teachers show noncompliance attitudes towards ICT, measured in terms of acceptance of ICT training, and accessing ICT resources. The study revealed that teachers make less use of ICT in terms of frequency in the use of ICT in lesson preparations, teaching and learning. Based on the findings, the study concluded that objective of ICT in education in Nigeria has not been met, and that social studies teachers are yet to derive the benefits of ICT in curriculum delivery. Consequently, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders such as Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and Old Students should liaise with schools to determine the training needs of staff members and help them to organize appropriate training programmes.

Keywords: Curriculum, Education, ICT, Nigeria, Social Studies, Teacher, Training

The Impact of E-Banking on Efficient Service Delivery to Customers in Nigeria Economy (Published)

The advent of service areas like financial advisory services, funds transfers and international trade among others helps propel Nigeria banks into the development of new and improved service delivery channels. Information and communication technology (ICT) rapidly emerged as the platform for building integrating and communicating effective service to customers. Today in Nigeria servers, personal computers and local / wide area networks have taken a firm foot as the minimum requirement for rendering credible and effective banking services. Adenuga (2003), the recent trends in Information Technology (IT) are becoming central to the process of economic development. IT offers new ways of exchanging information, transacting business, changes the nature of the financial and other services sectors and provides efficient means of using the human and institutional capabilities of countries in both the public and private sectors.  IT can be applied to every conceivable activity; from collecting taxes to bank management, complex scientific and technical problems.

Keywords: Bank, Customers, Economy, Fund Transfer, ICT, services

The Use of ICT to Enhance University Education in Nigeria. (Published)

Today, information and communication technology (ICT) is very important in the learning and teaching process at all levels of education. However, in Nigeria the use of ICT is still at its infancy. If the educational system in Nigeria is to match with global requirements, there is need to incorporate the use of ICT that facilitates knowledge acquisition within and beyond the classroom. This paper examines the gap and challenges facing the use of ICT in university education in Nigeria. The study is a descriptive survey that assessed five universities for the most urgent solution. The population of the study was 120 respondents and this is made up  of university lecturers and the students. Findings revealed that there is a gap between the university teachers and students and ICT usage in classrooms and many university lecturers and students have to go to commercial cyber cafés in town before they have access to a computer that is internet connected, teachers are faced with some challenges and barriers of availability of facilities which prevent them to employ ICT in the classroom, the solutions proffered include funding, provision of facilities and technical expertise in Nigeria universities.

Keywords: Classroom, Education System, ICT, Nigeria, University Education, Use, gap

Preponderance of ICT in Fine Art (Visual Art) Teaching And Learning In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of human endeavours. The impact of ICT on various fields of human endeavour such as medicine, tourism, business, law, banking, engineering and architecture over two or three decades has been enormous. But when one looks at the field of education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence of ICT and far less change than other fields have experienced. In other words, though ICT has begun to have presence in education, its impact has not been as extensive as in other fields (Collins, 2002). Education is a social oriented activity, and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Garrison and Anderson (2003) opine that the application of ICTs in the teaching-learning process can enhance the quality of education in several ways such as increasing learner motivation and engagement, facilitating the acquisition of basic skills, and enhancing teacher training. Since Fine Art is one of the major subjects being offered at all levels of education; that is the primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, its relevance and sustenance in the 21st century requires the adequate application of ICTs like video tapes, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound and colorful moving images which can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will not only engage the student in the learning process but as well make learning concrete.

Keywords: Fine (Visual) Art, ICT, Learning, Preponderance, Teaching

Role of Public Library and ICT in Promoting Reading Among Students of English Language in Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

The study focused on the role of public library and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in promoting reading among senior secondary school students in English in Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State of Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to find out the role of public library in promoting reading; the challenges of ICT in promoting reading and ways of enhancing reading through public libraries among senior secondary school students of Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. 300 students were sampled from fifteen public secondary schools selected by simple random sampling from a total population of 67 secondary schools that make up Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The method used for the study was survey while questionnaire was used for data collection. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions. Findings showed that respondents agreed that public libraries provide easy access to variety of books among others. Based on findings recommendations were made.

Keywords: ICT, Public Library, Reading, Senior Secondary School Students

ICT-Assisted Career Guidance: A Case Study in a Public Schools in Beirut, Lebanon (Published)

This study investigated the impact of using ICT in delivering a career guidance program in one public high school in Beirut, Lebanon. The sample consisted of Grade 11 students (N=106) from all sections of this grade level. Students at this school often received the same career guidance program consisting of 14 hours during their tenth grade and then their eleventh grade. The ICT-assisted career guidance intervention program was conducted after students covered 6 hours of their regular career guidance program during their eleventh grade and it extended over 6 hours itself. Pre- and post-tests were administered to students and data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 for windows. An independent sample t-test was carried to compare the means showing significant impact of the ICT-assisted intervention program on students. Limitations and recommendations are provided at the end of the study.

Keywords: Career Guidance, ICT, School Improvement, counseling, counselor

Open and Distance Learning In the Initial Education of Trainee Teachers (Published)

In light of empirical experience from Morocco, combined with new possibilities afforded by Information and Communication Technology (ICT), there is a wish to integrate new technologies into distance education to help solve a set of problems identified in the initial training at the Regional Centre for the Professions of Education and Training of Fez. The results of a study conducted among 71 trainee teachers of the Earth and Life Sciences allow us to conclude that Open and Distance Learning (ODL) could constitute a promising solution to address the many challenges linked to the initial training of teachers in Morocco. Finally, the trainee teachers’ experience with ODL has also strongly contributed to their eagerness to integrate ICT in their subsequent teaching practices.

Keywords: Distance Education, ICT, Life And Earth Sciences, Online Courses, Trainee Teachers, Training Centre

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

The Contributory Effects of Sociocultural Factors on E-Government Adoption among Nigerians (Published)

E-government is the use of internet technology to exchange information, transact businesses and provide services for the citizens and other arms of government. Specifically, it involves the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) by the government to serve its populace in a manner that accountability, openness, and mutual interaction are ensured and sustained. Impliedly, the policy is intended to involve the populace and the government in a relationship that guarantees the recognition and importance of citizens as well as their inputs in policy formulation and implementation.

Keywords: E-government, ICT, Internet Technology, Nigeria, Re-Engineering

ICT and Knowledge Integration for Social Development in Nigeria (Published)

This paper examines the means through which Information and communication technologies and knowledge integration could be used to achieve national integration in Nigeria. The paper establishes that the 21st century is the most advanced and sophisticated era in human history. This is the period of rapid explosion in knowledge information across the globe. In this information age, knowledge is the global currency while ICT is conceived as the driver. Therefore integrating the large pool of knowledge is task that requires apt. the presence of ICT is considered a veritable tool to enhance integration of knowledge. Social development could be achieved by the collaboration of these two factors. This can be done using education as the background. We submitted that if the challenges bedevilling the use of ICT and knowledge integration in Nigeria are surmounted then social development in Nigeria will be achieved.

Keywords: Communication Technology, ICT, Knowledge Integration., Social Development

Business Environment and the Growth of Foreign Direct Investments in the Information and Communication Technology Sector in Rwanda in 2012 – 2013 (Published)

This research work was carried out to examine the extent to which improved business environment contributed to the growth of Foreign Direct Investments in the Information and Communication Technology sector in Rwanda in 2012-2013. Rwanda continues to undertake reforms towards making the country a favorable place for investment. On the 2014 World Bank “Doing Business” report, the country was ranked as the 2nd most improved in the world and the second easiest place to do business in Africa. In 2012, Foreign Private Capital inflows to Rwanda increased by 14.8 percent to $ 409.3 million compared to $356.6 million recorded in 2011. The capital inflows were dominated by Foreign Direct Investments, amounting to $ 255.0 million, and accounting for 62.3 percent of total inflows. The Information and Communication Technology sector attracted the highest flows (41.2%). The study established that, the improved business environment moderately influenced (Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.537and significance -2 tailed- of 0.35), the attraction of Foreign Direct Investments to the Information and Communication Technology sector in Rwanda in 2012-2013. Regulations which improved the ease of establishing business operations, security, growth and sustainability of investments had the highest influence on foreign investors in choosing Rwanda as their investment destination. These covered the areas of good governance, good macro-environmental factors, investor protection, ease of getting credit, ease of starting a business and enforcement of contracts ranked among the top six influencers, in that order, by over 91% of the foreign investors. Insolvency resolution was found to be of great importance particularly to the large foreign investors (above Rwf 75 million in equity investments and turnover above Rwf 50 million as per the World Bank 2014 report) who required a clear exit plan. 50% of these investors ranked the indicator in the upper quartile of the most influential variables. Untapped business opportunities attracted three large multi-nationals to the Information and Communication Technology sector and contributed to the impressive growth of Foreign Direct Investments registered in the Information and Communication technology sector. Publicity by the World Bank Doing Business report, of the impressive transformation and commitment to lower the cost of doing business that was demonstrated by Rwanda, was found to have created considerable interest among 40% of the foreign investors selected. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey and descriptive research design and both secondary data and primary data were utilized. Questionnaires were administered accompanied by interviews to obtain accurate information from the selected sample. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for correlation analysis while Microsoft Excel was used for the listing, ranking and analysis of variables. The tools of summarization of data were statistical tables, histograms, line charts and bar charts. For the qualitative data, simple listing of suggestions, factors and other itemized variables was adopted. Pearson correlation was used to study the relationship between the business environment and the level of Foreign Direct Investments registered.

Keywords: Business Environment, FDI, ICT, Rwanda

A Critical Analysis of National Board for Technical Education Old and New Curriculum in Office Technology and Management for Sustainable Development (Published)

The paper examined the persistent issue of curriculum review in Office Technology and Management which is now used in the Nigerian Polytechnics. The convergence of computer, telecommunication, the internet and microelectronics with business environment has brought to the fore, the emerging Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sub skills that are lacking in the curriculum for producing the office worker in Nigeria. The prevailing circumstance where the secretary has to work with modern technology used in this digital era led to the review of the old curriculum for secretarial studies. The review of OTM curriculum was taken with the view to produce graduates who could be effective in the Management roles and have confidence and practical skills necessary to put theory into action It also looked at consequential issues concerning inadequate provision of human and material resources as well as the need to ensure that the OTM programme is adequately funded to ensure that requisite facilities are provided for effective training of the recipients of the programme and equally emphasized on the need for training and retraining of the lecturers in the polytechnic on the prerequisite skills needed to teach this novel ICT softwares.

Keywords: Curriculum, ICT, Sustainable Development, Technical Education

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

EQUITY AND EXCELLENCE A NOVEL EXPERIMENT FOR CONVERGENCE- KISS ODISHA (Published)

India has achieved significant increase in enrolment to higher education over the last decade. However, there is serious dissonance in terms of relative access by different sections of its population. There is a valid perception that discriminatory practices often impinge compromise on quality. This paper argues that it is possible to ensure excellence while providing improved access to students from SC/ST through a policy of reservation. The paper brings out a unique experiment in Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS), Odisha where there is remarkable convergence between all-round excellence through empathetic intervention. Concrete measures like vibrant Public Private Partnership (PPP), increased allocation, inflow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by collaborating with reputed foreign universities and use of ICT and Open Distance Learning (ODL) & above all a more sensitive regulatory agency can be powerful recipes for achieving the goals of higher inclusive growth, Improved Human Development Index (HDI) and higher Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) (25%) in higher education.

Keywords: Affirmative Action, FDI, GER, HDI, ICT, KISS Odisha, ODL

TAX CHALLENGES OF E-COMMERCE IN NIGERIA: THE PANACEA FOR LEGAL JURISPRUDENCE (Published)

The strides in information and communication technology (ICT) makes e-commerce a critical and inexorable feature of the global economy. In modern trend, significant numbers of transactions are consummated online. In Nigeria, it is no longer news that Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is promoting a ‘cash-less policy’ to drive development and modernation of our payment system in line with Nigeria’s version 2020 goal of being amongst the top 20 economies of the year 2020. This paper seeks to examine the tax framework to reflect the realities of modern transactions, establish a basis of taxation that arrests leakages and enables tax authorities to capture revenue that would otherwise have continued to leak. The researcher recommends the legal frame work of e-commerce taxation which has to be amended to reflect the global taxation principles of e-tax in our tax laws as a sovereign state so that investors and business carried on online should be taxed. Also that our tax policy and compliances to the regulatory authorities such as FIRS(Federal Inland Revenue Services)should be enforced on defaulting businesses, individuals and corporate entities as wells government agencies and departments to minimize tax evasion and avoidance.

Keywords: Assessment and E-Payment, Cybercrime, E-Commerce, ICT, Internet, Leakages, Legal Framework, Taxation

IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ICT IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY ON NIGERIAN’S NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (Published)

This paper examines the impacts of ICT in English Language pedagogy on Nigeria’s national development through a questionnaire administered among one hundred and eighty students from six Nigerian federal government colleges. Stratified random sampling technique was employed in gathering the data. The findings revealed that ICT usage in Nigerian education is reducing illiteracy and poverty and is also improving the nation’s technology; there is significant relation between ICT in education and national development; and ICT in English Language pedagogy helps develop Nigeria’s economy. It was recommended that government needs to curb the misuse of this automated and digital tool, and also improve the nation’s power sector as well as developing positive attitude to supplying of automated gadgets for English Language teaching

Keywords: English Language pedagogy, ICT, National Development