Tag Archives: ICT

The Use of ICT to Enhance University Education in Nigeria. (Published)

Today, information and communication technology (ICT) is very important in the learning and teaching process at all levels of education. However, in Nigeria the use of ICT is still at its infancy. If the educational system in Nigeria is to match with global requirements, there is need to incorporate the use of ICT that facilitates knowledge acquisition within and beyond the classroom. This paper examines the gap and challenges facing the use of ICT in university education in Nigeria. The study is a descriptive survey that assessed five universities for the most urgent solution. The population of the study was 120 respondents and this is made up  of university lecturers and the students. Findings revealed that there is a gap between the university teachers and students and ICT usage in classrooms and many university lecturers and students have to go to commercial cyber cafés in town before they have access to a computer that is internet connected, teachers are faced with some challenges and barriers of availability of facilities which prevent them to employ ICT in the classroom, the solutions proffered include funding, provision of facilities and technical expertise in Nigeria universities.

Keywords: Classroom, Education System, ICT, Nigeria, University Education, Use, gap

Preponderance of ICT in Fine Art (Visual Art) Teaching And Learning In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of human endeavours. The impact of ICT on various fields of human endeavour such as medicine, tourism, business, law, banking, engineering and architecture over two or three decades has been enormous. But when one looks at the field of education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence of ICT and far less change than other fields have experienced. In other words, though ICT has begun to have presence in education, its impact has not been as extensive as in other fields (Collins, 2002). Education is a social oriented activity, and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Garrison and Anderson (2003) opine that the application of ICTs in the teaching-learning process can enhance the quality of education in several ways such as increasing learner motivation and engagement, facilitating the acquisition of basic skills, and enhancing teacher training. Since Fine Art is one of the major subjects being offered at all levels of education; that is the primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, its relevance and sustenance in the 21st century requires the adequate application of ICTs like video tapes, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound and colorful moving images which can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will not only engage the student in the learning process but as well make learning concrete.

Keywords: Fine (Visual) Art, ICT, Learning, Preponderance, Teaching

Role of Public Library and ICT in Promoting Reading Among Students of English Language in Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

The study focused on the role of public library and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in promoting reading among senior secondary school students in English in Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State of Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to find out the role of public library in promoting reading; the challenges of ICT in promoting reading and ways of enhancing reading through public libraries among senior secondary school students of Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. 300 students were sampled from fifteen public secondary schools selected by simple random sampling from a total population of 67 secondary schools that make up Abakaliki Education Zone of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The method used for the study was survey while questionnaire was used for data collection. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions. Findings showed that respondents agreed that public libraries provide easy access to variety of books among others. Based on findings recommendations were made.

Keywords: ICT, Public Library, Reading, Senior Secondary School Students

ICT-Assisted Career Guidance: A Case Study in a Public Schools in Beirut, Lebanon (Published)

This study investigated the impact of using ICT in delivering a career guidance program in one public high school in Beirut, Lebanon. The sample consisted of Grade 11 students (N=106) from all sections of this grade level. Students at this school often received the same career guidance program consisting of 14 hours during their tenth grade and then their eleventh grade. The ICT-assisted career guidance intervention program was conducted after students covered 6 hours of their regular career guidance program during their eleventh grade and it extended over 6 hours itself. Pre- and post-tests were administered to students and data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 for windows. An independent sample t-test was carried to compare the means showing significant impact of the ICT-assisted intervention program on students. Limitations and recommendations are provided at the end of the study.

Keywords: Career Guidance, ICT, School Improvement, counseling, counselor

Open and Distance Learning In the Initial Education of Trainee Teachers (Published)

In light of empirical experience from Morocco, combined with new possibilities afforded by Information and Communication Technology (ICT), there is a wish to integrate new technologies into distance education to help solve a set of problems identified in the initial training at the Regional Centre for the Professions of Education and Training of Fez. The results of a study conducted among 71 trainee teachers of the Earth and Life Sciences allow us to conclude that Open and Distance Learning (ODL) could constitute a promising solution to address the many challenges linked to the initial training of teachers in Morocco. Finally, the trainee teachers’ experience with ODL has also strongly contributed to their eagerness to integrate ICT in their subsequent teaching practices.

Keywords: Distance Education, ICT, Life And Earth Sciences, Online Courses, Trainee Teachers, Training Centre

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

The Contributory Effects of Sociocultural Factors on E-Government Adoption among Nigerians (Published)

E-government is the use of internet technology to exchange information, transact businesses and provide services for the citizens and other arms of government. Specifically, it involves the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) by the government to serve its populace in a manner that accountability, openness, and mutual interaction are ensured and sustained. Impliedly, the policy is intended to involve the populace and the government in a relationship that guarantees the recognition and importance of citizens as well as their inputs in policy formulation and implementation.

Keywords: E-government, ICT, Internet Technology, Nigeria, Re-Engineering

ICT and Knowledge Integration for Social Development in Nigeria (Published)

This paper examines the means through which Information and communication technologies and knowledge integration could be used to achieve national integration in Nigeria. The paper establishes that the 21st century is the most advanced and sophisticated era in human history. This is the period of rapid explosion in knowledge information across the globe. In this information age, knowledge is the global currency while ICT is conceived as the driver. Therefore integrating the large pool of knowledge is task that requires apt. the presence of ICT is considered a veritable tool to enhance integration of knowledge. Social development could be achieved by the collaboration of these two factors. This can be done using education as the background. We submitted that if the challenges bedevilling the use of ICT and knowledge integration in Nigeria are surmounted then social development in Nigeria will be achieved.

Keywords: Communication Technology, ICT, Knowledge Integration., Social Development

Business Environment and the Growth of Foreign Direct Investments in the Information and Communication Technology Sector in Rwanda in 2012 – 2013 (Published)

This research work was carried out to examine the extent to which improved business environment contributed to the growth of Foreign Direct Investments in the Information and Communication Technology sector in Rwanda in 2012-2013. Rwanda continues to undertake reforms towards making the country a favorable place for investment. On the 2014 World Bank “Doing Business” report, the country was ranked as the 2nd most improved in the world and the second easiest place to do business in Africa. In 2012, Foreign Private Capital inflows to Rwanda increased by 14.8 percent to $ 409.3 million compared to $356.6 million recorded in 2011. The capital inflows were dominated by Foreign Direct Investments, amounting to $ 255.0 million, and accounting for 62.3 percent of total inflows. The Information and Communication Technology sector attracted the highest flows (41.2%). The study established that, the improved business environment moderately influenced (Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.537and significance -2 tailed- of 0.35), the attraction of Foreign Direct Investments to the Information and Communication Technology sector in Rwanda in 2012-2013. Regulations which improved the ease of establishing business operations, security, growth and sustainability of investments had the highest influence on foreign investors in choosing Rwanda as their investment destination. These covered the areas of good governance, good macro-environmental factors, investor protection, ease of getting credit, ease of starting a business and enforcement of contracts ranked among the top six influencers, in that order, by over 91% of the foreign investors. Insolvency resolution was found to be of great importance particularly to the large foreign investors (above Rwf 75 million in equity investments and turnover above Rwf 50 million as per the World Bank 2014 report) who required a clear exit plan. 50% of these investors ranked the indicator in the upper quartile of the most influential variables. Untapped business opportunities attracted three large multi-nationals to the Information and Communication Technology sector and contributed to the impressive growth of Foreign Direct Investments registered in the Information and Communication technology sector. Publicity by the World Bank Doing Business report, of the impressive transformation and commitment to lower the cost of doing business that was demonstrated by Rwanda, was found to have created considerable interest among 40% of the foreign investors selected. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey and descriptive research design and both secondary data and primary data were utilized. Questionnaires were administered accompanied by interviews to obtain accurate information from the selected sample. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for correlation analysis while Microsoft Excel was used for the listing, ranking and analysis of variables. The tools of summarization of data were statistical tables, histograms, line charts and bar charts. For the qualitative data, simple listing of suggestions, factors and other itemized variables was adopted. Pearson correlation was used to study the relationship between the business environment and the level of Foreign Direct Investments registered.

Keywords: Business Environment, FDI, ICT, Rwanda

A Critical Analysis of National Board for Technical Education Old and New Curriculum in Office Technology and Management for Sustainable Development (Published)

The paper examined the persistent issue of curriculum review in Office Technology and Management which is now used in the Nigerian Polytechnics. The convergence of computer, telecommunication, the internet and microelectronics with business environment has brought to the fore, the emerging Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sub skills that are lacking in the curriculum for producing the office worker in Nigeria. The prevailing circumstance where the secretary has to work with modern technology used in this digital era led to the review of the old curriculum for secretarial studies. The review of OTM curriculum was taken with the view to produce graduates who could be effective in the Management roles and have confidence and practical skills necessary to put theory into action It also looked at consequential issues concerning inadequate provision of human and material resources as well as the need to ensure that the OTM programme is adequately funded to ensure that requisite facilities are provided for effective training of the recipients of the programme and equally emphasized on the need for training and retraining of the lecturers in the polytechnic on the prerequisite skills needed to teach this novel ICT softwares.

Keywords: Curriculum, ICT, Sustainable Development, Technical Education

Assessing the Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On the Performance of Freight Distribution (Published)

The application and development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have already had significant effects on many industries, especially in the field of freight distribution. This paper examines the impact of ICT on the performance of freight distribution in terms of supply chain, logistics and fleet management. A survey was conducted to 77 ICT users from 22 companies consisting of 6 manufacturers, 5 third part logistics, 4 freight forwarders, 5 warehouse operators, 8 wholesalers and retailers. A descriptive statistical analysis was used to analysis the data obtained. One of the major findings of the research is the impact level of ICT use by Freight industries in Lagos and Ogun State which falls into moderate impact on their performance as majority of them only use the low technology for information gathering. It was discovered that the major barrier to use of ICT is the acquisition cost. Government needs to promote a sharing of knowledge about the use and the role of ICT in logistics with logistics firms by facilitating a demonstration of technology solution and expand innovative public and private financing methods in generating finance and building skills for the development of ICT capacity

Keywords: 3PLs, 4PL, Freight, Globalization, ICT, Internet, Logistics, infomediary

EQUITY AND EXCELLENCE A NOVEL EXPERIMENT FOR CONVERGENCE- KISS ODISHA (Published)

India has achieved significant increase in enrolment to higher education over the last decade. However, there is serious dissonance in terms of relative access by different sections of its population. There is a valid perception that discriminatory practices often impinge compromise on quality. This paper argues that it is possible to ensure excellence while providing improved access to students from SC/ST through a policy of reservation. The paper brings out a unique experiment in Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS), Odisha where there is remarkable convergence between all-round excellence through empathetic intervention. Concrete measures like vibrant Public Private Partnership (PPP), increased allocation, inflow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by collaborating with reputed foreign universities and use of ICT and Open Distance Learning (ODL) & above all a more sensitive regulatory agency can be powerful recipes for achieving the goals of higher inclusive growth, Improved Human Development Index (HDI) and higher Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) (25%) in higher education.

Keywords: Affirmative Action, FDI, GER, HDI, ICT, KISS Odisha, ODL

TAX CHALLENGES OF E-COMMERCE IN NIGERIA: THE PANACEA FOR LEGAL JURISPRUDENCE (Published)

The strides in information and communication technology (ICT) makes e-commerce a critical and inexorable feature of the global economy. In modern trend, significant numbers of transactions are consummated online. In Nigeria, it is no longer news that Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is promoting a ‘cash-less policy’ to drive development and modernation of our payment system in line with Nigeria’s version 2020 goal of being amongst the top 20 economies of the year 2020. This paper seeks to examine the tax framework to reflect the realities of modern transactions, establish a basis of taxation that arrests leakages and enables tax authorities to capture revenue that would otherwise have continued to leak. The researcher recommends the legal frame work of e-commerce taxation which has to be amended to reflect the global taxation principles of e-tax in our tax laws as a sovereign state so that investors and business carried on online should be taxed. Also that our tax policy and compliances to the regulatory authorities such as FIRS(Federal Inland Revenue Services)should be enforced on defaulting businesses, individuals and corporate entities as wells government agencies and departments to minimize tax evasion and avoidance.

Keywords: Assessment and E-Payment, Cybercrime, E-Commerce, ICT, Internet, Leakages, Legal Framework, Taxation

IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ICT IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY ON NIGERIAN’S NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (Published)

This paper examines the impacts of ICT in English Language pedagogy on Nigeria’s national development through a questionnaire administered among one hundred and eighty students from six Nigerian federal government colleges. Stratified random sampling technique was employed in gathering the data. The findings revealed that ICT usage in Nigerian education is reducing illiteracy and poverty and is also improving the nation’s technology; there is significant relation between ICT in education and national development; and ICT in English Language pedagogy helps develop Nigeria’s economy. It was recommended that government needs to curb the misuse of this automated and digital tool, and also improve the nation’s power sector as well as developing positive attitude to supplying of automated gadgets for English Language teaching

Keywords: English Language pedagogy, ICT, National Development

MANAGING INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR OPTIMAL SERVICE DELIVERY IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY: A STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK, TUMU BRANCH (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study assesses the relevance of Information Communication Technology for optimal service delivery by the Tumu branch of the Agricultural Development Bank in Ghana. The study was motivated by the frequent criticism of the bank for poor quality service delivery such as delays in transaction and numerous link failures. Semi-structured questionnaire, interview and observation were employed to collect data from 126 respondents consisting of 6 staff from the bank and 120 customers, out of a customer population of 4,544 of the branch as at 28th February, 2013. This sample was drawn using purposive and simple random sampling procedures. Rust and Oliver Three-Component Service Quality Model and descriptive statistics were employed in the data analysis. The results indicated that the branch is fully computerized as well as the work processes automated. It was further revealed that the bank provides electronic banking products and services such as QuicAlert, QuicNet, QuicStatement and Smart cards. Among the challenges discovered by the study were frequent link failures, low speed connectivity and lack of customer awareness of electronic banking products. The study equally revealed that the bank has electronic banking products and services that have positive impact on the customers in terms of convenience, long hour services, and cost effectiveness among others. Among the impact of Information Communication Technology on the bank were: fast transfers of money, ability to store and retrieve data and greater work output. The study recommends customer education and e-banking services promotion towards improving the service quality of the bank and network upgrading to ensure consistent and speedy connectivity

Keywords: ADB, Descriptive Statistics, ICT, Optimal Service Delivery, Products and Services, Rust and Oliver Three-Component Service Quality Model, Tumu

THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON INVENTORY CONTROL SYSTEMS IN TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF KENYA FERRY SERVICES (Published)

With the increasing focus in enhancing supply management chain through use of the rapid development of Information and Communication Technology, businesses are seeking to develop and organize strategic, efficient and world-wide inventory control system for its use. In order to promote such global inventory control system, which are also compatible with sustainability objectives, organizations need to develop and implement effective systems both individually and collectively. This has resulted to Modern inventory control as a result of improved technology being one of the most strategic initiative embraced by organization in partnering initiatives for encouraging collaboration and information sharing among trading partners (Angulo, 2007). The main objective of the study was to investigate the impact of technology on inventory control systems in Kenya ferry services. The study adopted a descriptive research with survey of a total of 220 and applied a stratified random sampling technique to select a sample size of 60 respondents. Questionnaires were used as the main data collection Descriptive statistics analysis method was to analyze the gathered data. The study concluded that technology has had bigger impact on inventory control in terms of efficiency, ease of accessing information and accuracy thereby affecting organizational performance. The study recommends that modern inventory control systems should be well implemented since it forms a platform for ease of evaluating risk in which the organization invest a lot of money in purchasing of inventory. Additionally the study recommends that organization should integrate all its inventory management functions with information communication technology as well.

Keywords: Efficiency, ICT, Integration, Inventory., Procurement, Supplier

Speech User Interface For Low Literacy Users Of Ict Services (Published)

Speech user interface has the potentials to accommodate different users irrespective of the level of education. This type of user interface can provide interactions that meet the capabilities of low literacy users in underserved rural communities. One of the challenges facing the development of Information and Communication Technology in rural underserved communities is the inability of the users to interact and communicate with the services provided effectively. The task of designing user interfaces to accommodate low literacy users is still a big challenge. We conducted a study with the aim of designing a customized speech user interface to enable low literacy users in a rural community to interact and have access to a mobile commerce service. We applied different ethnographic research methods in the process of data collection, design and evaluation of the user interface. The user evaluation results show that the users were able to successfully interact with the application. The users feel that the speech user interface is easy to understand and use, and the interface meets their capabilities

Keywords: ICT, Low Literacy, Mobile Commerce, Mobile Phone, Voice Interaction

The Use and Management of ICT in Schools: Strategies for School Leaders (Published)

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have become commonplace entities in all aspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavour within business and governance. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Many important changes have occurred in the last few years in the education systems, which will require teachers and school leaders to upgrade and refine their technology skills. Some of these changes are due to changes in government policies related to the use of information communication and technology (ICT) in schools while others are due to developments in state of the art pedagogical practices .As technology flows faster into the schools, many school leaders are facing a range of difficult management issues. This article discusses the potential use of ICT in schools and also issues related to ICT integration. In managing the use of ICT in schools some strategies are suggested and discussed for the school leaders to adhere to.

Keywords: ICT, Leaders, School, Strategies.

Using Porter’s Diamond to Determine the Condition of ICT in a Developing Country: A Study on Bangladesh (Published)

In this study, an attempt has been made to illustrate the circumstance of ICT in Bangladesh and that is basically descriptive in nature and mainly concentrates on secondary sources. ICT sector in Bangladesh has improved over the few years. The evolution to a more competitive environment has resulted in greater investment, more service providers, variety of innovative products, improve quality, lower cost and greater accessibility-all of which have a positive impact on the proliferation of ICT industry. The competition in telecommunication has increased and also the broadband penetration. E-Governance that can enhances the efficiency and effectiveness in the public sector and contributes to generate knowledge-base society. In the competitive world, there is pressure for e-Commerce, e-health, e-service, e-learning and e-transaction and this can make incessant advancement of ICT. Articulate and substantial policy and program promote ICT. Effective e-HRD program and R&D can enhance the innovativeness, efficiency and capabilities.

Keywords: E-Commerce, E-Governance, E-HRD, E-Health, E-Service, ICT