Tag Archives: ICT

The Growth of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Less Developed Countries: Issues and Problems (Published)

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been a major topic around the globe since its inception. The realization that it has the capacity to change cultures, influence thoughts and usher in a world devoid of distance and barriers makes it more interesting. The concern today is that the West (developed countries) is conversant with the terrain while the South (developing countries) is on a sight-seeing mission. This paper discusses the importance of ICT and impediments of its growth in less developed countries. Data were obtained through review of relevant literature and global statistical records. The result of which shows that fewer people in less developed countries especially Africa have access to the internet and its usage is grossly low compared to the Western world.

Citation: Akagu, Joseph Ifeanyichukwu(2022) The Growth of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Less Developed Countries: Issues and Problems,     International Journal of International Relations, Media and Mass Communication Studies,  Vol.8, No.2, pp.62-67


Keywords: Africa, ICT, Internet, Nigeria, developed countries, global village, less developed countries

Effect of Board Diversity On Financial Performance of Information and Communications Technology (Ict) Firms in Nigeria (2016-2020) (Published)

Citation: Nome Ujebe and Nwankwo, John Ndubuisi (2022) Effect of Board Diversity On Financial Performance of Information and Communications Technology (Ict) Firms in Nigeria (2016-2020), Global Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.10, No.2, pp.12-27

This study examined the Effects of Board Diversity on Financial Performance of Information and Communications (ICT) Firms in Nigeria. The study was prompted by inevitability of board diversity in the large scale organizations like quoted Information and Communications Technology (ICT) firms in Nigeria. Specifically, it focused on determining the effects of board size, board composition, board gender and foreign director on the Financial Performance of Information and Communications (ICT) firms in Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post-facto design using secondary data collected from annual accounts and reports of ICT firms in Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) covering seven (7) firms over a period of five years ranging from 2016 to 2020. The selection of 2016 to 2020 was necessitated by the rapid changing ICT business environments which Nigeria is not an exception.  In all, there are eight quoted ICT firms in Nigeria but the study focused on the seven quoted ICT firms that have the required data. The ordinary least square panel regression analysis was used for the data analysis applying Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) analysis. E-view version 9 software was used for analysis where necessary. The study found that Board Diversity has mixed effects on financial performance of ICT firms in Nigeria. Specifically, the board size has significant positive effects on financial performance of ICT firms in Nigeria likewise foreign director in board of directors while board composition and board gender have low negative effect on financial performance of ICT firms in Nigeria. Hence, it is safe to conclude that board diversity has mixed effects on financial performance of quoted ICT firms in Nigeria. Although negative effect is insignificant, the positive effect is significant.  The study recommended that the firms should increase as much as possible the board size bearing in mind Nigeria corporate governance Code requirement of minimum of five and maximum members based on complexity and scale of operation of the firms. Appointing both gender: male or female into board of directors provided that they are qualified and willing to serve, does not matter. Foreign director in board of directors was found to be positive and contributes significantly to financial performance of the ICT firms in Nigeria possibly by bringing their wealth of knowledge and experiences in the board of directors’ roles to their organizations.

Keywords: Financial Performance, Firms, ICT, board diversity

Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Ijeoma Irene Bernard., Doris Chinyere Obiano and Chioma Esther Osuji (2022) Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in   Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, Vol.8, No.1, pp.33-38

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the challenges of utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities in two selected University Libraries in Imo State. A sample size of sixty (60) library staff from the two selected University Libraries was used. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The results showed that the major constraints faced in use of ICT tools include epileptic power supply, lack of access to ICT facilities and lack of adequate office/accomodation. From the above findings, the study recommended that the institutions should go ahead to acquire more current and relevant ICT facilities that are not yet available. That the staff should be given free access to the facilities and provide adequate office space for operations. There should be regular training of staff on ICT both in-house and otherwise so that staff will be more equipped to use the facilities for enhancement.

Keywords: ICT, Library, Staff, Universities, facilities

Perceived Effect of Use of Information and Communication Technology Tools for Instructional Delivery in Tertiary Institution in Nigeria. (Published)

One of UNESCO’s overriding aim is to ensure that all tertiary institutions both colleges of education/polytechnics, and universities have access to the best of educational facilities necessary to prepare young people to play full roles in modern society and to contribute to a knowledge nation. They maintain a capacity to advise national government on the use of technology in schools and in particular on the use of institutional delivery tools. It defines ICTS, classified four basic institutional uses of such as retrieval of new knowledge and integration of evolving technologies for the management of teaching and learning. Moue so, e-learning, blended learning, open and distance learning, learner centered environment, Title conference, telecollobration as well as to improve quality of education were highlighted challenges confronting institutional delivery were examined. Recommendations were made which include the parliamentarian should pass a bill on stabilizing the price of educational tools in the markets to make it affordable for students to acquire at a reduced rate. Also conferences, workshops and symposium should be organized to train people and enlighten them on the need for instructional delivery in schools.

Keywords: ICT, Nigeria, Tertiary Institution, Tools, instructional delivery

Role of Media and ICT in Empowering Kenyan Rural Communities with Information on Development (Published)

Information is the key to democracy. Information technology measures social integration, participation and performance valuables in any development. Emerging digital techniques, new network alternatives including intelligent networks, high bandwidth communication technology and state-of-the-art software for network functions and services, are the new technology trends evident in the development of electronic communication systems. Yet most of world’s population remains untouched by this revolution. The paper discusses the need to focus on Kenyan rural communities to empower them to access information, knowledge and poverty alleviation among them by deploying the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Analyses the factors preventing rural communities from reaping the benefits of ICT s, Kenyan initiatives to overcome the factors, ways and means of poverty alleviation and sustainable development; identifies the bottlenecks and solutions, and lessons learned. The paper will analyze the integration of media and technology in pushing development agenda. Perhaps the inclination of ICT and media as an information resource will bring enormous and diversification in developmental models.

Keywords: Development, ICT, Kenya, Media, Rural

Effects of Ergonomic Environment and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) On Secretarial Efficiencies in Tertiary Institutions in Ekiti State (Published)

Effects of ergonomic environment and information and communication technology (ICT) on secretarial efficiencies in tertiary institutions in Ekiti State were investigated.  The population consisted of all secretarial staff and executives/directors in all tertiary institutions while the sample was 180 respondents randomly selected from three tertiary institutions.  The research instrument was questionnaire, validated with a reliability co-efficient of 0.77.  Data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentages for the research question while the hypothesis was tested using Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient at 0.05 level of significance. Findings show that the physical environments of the institutions are conducive for work and some necessary facilities that could aid the efficiency of secretarial staff are provided but inadequate. It was concluded that good working environment is indispensable in today’s workplace for the efficiency and effectiveness of secretarial workers.  It was recommended that efforts must be made to design jobs that help employees reduce and break up their sitting time, among others.

Keywords: Efficiency, ICT, Work Environment, ergonomics, secretaries

Assessment of Information Communication Technology Proficiency of Secondary School Teachers in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study attempts to assess of information communication technology proficiency of secondary school teachers in Edo State, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive survey method and questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The total population for the study is one hundred and twenty nine (129) secondary schools teachers in four selected secondary schools in Etsako west local government area of Edo state. The population of this study is not too large and as such the entire population was taken as representative sample using purposeful sampling technique. It was revealed from the study that ICT is not employed for teaching by majority of the teachers in the secondary schools studied, most teachers have negative attitude towards the use of ICT, a majority of the secondary school teachers studied have positive perception of  perceived ease of teaching and learning with ICT and Lack of ICT facilities in secondary schools, lack of commitment from government and school management, lack of motivation and training, lack of ICT policies in secondary schools, lack of technical support from government and private sector, lack of qualified teachers to teach ICT and Teachers’ anxiety over being replaced by technology are  the major factors militating against teachers readiness and effective use of ICT in secondary schools in Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo state. The study recommends that Government should be committed to full implementation of ICT in secondary schools by way formulating policies and implementing the existing one if any with all sincerity.

Keywords: Assessment, Edo state, ICT, Proficiency, Secondary Schools, Teacher

Integration and Usage of ICT by Social Studies Teachers in Teaching in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of Ghana (Published)

The study focused on Social Studies teachers’ knowledge and usage of ICT in teaching Social Studies in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of the Central Region of Ghana. The study was hinged on Technology Acceptance Model and used concurrent triangulation design within the mixed method approach. Census sampling was used to select all the 77 Social Studies teachers and convenience sampling was used to select 5 Social Studies teachers (3 male and 2 female) for the study. The study used questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations as instruments to collect the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages were used to analyze the quantitative data and qualitative data were analyzed thematically. The study’s findings showed that greater number of the JHS Social Studies teachers possess knowledge in ICT, have good perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies and are willing to use ICT in teaching.  However, only few of the teachers integrated ICT in teaching the subject. This was as a result of inadequate computers and other ICT tools, lack of electricity in schools and some of the Social Studies teachers’ wrong perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies. It is recommended that Social Studies teachers be given regular in-service training; be provided with computers and other ICT tools by the Gomoa West District Education Office. Head teachers, Circuit Supervisors should encourage, motivate and supervise Social Studies teachers to integrate ICT in teaching Social Studies.

Keywords: ICT, Integration, Junior High Schools, Social Studies Teachers

Revisiting ICT Adoption Theories and Charting a Progressive Path for Future ICT Adoption Research in SMES (Published)

This paper attempts to develop an integrated framework that aims to challenge researchers on a progressive path for future ICT adoption research especially in SMEs. The paper accessed major databases of a number of top IS  journals in the field and reviews previous theories used to study ICT adoption, examine the progress made so far, and the limitations of these theories in an attempt to develop a framework, that aims to challenge  researchers  and  aid further contributions in this IS field. The study developed a framework informed by three theories; Structuration theory (ST), Actors Network Theory (ANT) and Adaptive Structuration theory (AST) and argues that   using such integrated theory to examine the process of ICT adoption will help to unveil the recursive nature, entities involved and the kind of research approach that may be applied. Hence, for research in this area to be progressive, entities in the framework must be considered amidst other influence. The framework also suggests adoption of ICT will be embraced faster by organizations especially small businesses if the entities involved are committed in conveying the right information thereby supporting SMEs in making adequate decisions. This work provides further insight into ICT adoption framework that may advance future research in the field of ICT adoption, assist SMEs in adopting and implementing ICT overtime. This is relevant given that the complexities associated with the adoption of ICT is becoming worrisome and SMEs have limited knowledge on issues relating to emerging ICTs. The framework may motivate SMEs in understanding diverse actors, factors and social structures affecting ICT adoption better and how to cope with them. The framework serves as an analytical instrument in explaining ICT adoption process and its outcomes characterized by conflicting views

Keywords: ANT, AST, Adoption framework, ICT, SMEs, ST

Professional Updates for Language Teachers in A Digitally Infected Clime: The ICT Utilization Sensibility (Published)

The teaching profession in Nigeria is faced with a lot of problems which militate against the integrity of the profession.  This is because educators have come to realize that any meaningful improvement in the education that students receive is highly dependent on the quality of the instruction that the teacher provides.  The paper looks into the training and retraining needs of English language teachers for effective utilization of ICT in secondary schools in Ekiti State.  The research design was descriptive.  The population for the study comprised all English Language teachers (571) in the senior secondary schools in Ekiti State.  Multistage random sampling technique was utilized in selecting the sample.  In all, all (20) English Language teachers in the selected schools were used as the sample.  A research instrument titled “Teachers’ Assessment of the Need for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in English Language (TANICTENG)” was tested for both validity and reliability procedures and used for data collection.  Reliability coefficients of 0.67was obtained. Conclusion was drawn and recommendations were made among which are that teachers should engage in personal development; Teacher Training institutions should see to effective teacher education programmes; government at all levels should create an enabling environment that could help the teachers to perform optimally, among others.

Keywords: Hyper-dynamism, ICT, Integration, Pedagogy, blended learning

Gender Metamorphoses in the Use of ICT Tools: A Case Study at Offinso College of Education (Published)

The role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education cannot be overemphasized, hence teachers as agents of education are expected to acquire the essential skills to help train the 21st century child to survive in the current competitive and technologically driven world. The study aimed at the impact of ICT on Male and Female student-teachers in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The Mixed research design which takes into consideration the various factors that influence ICT access and usage in Colleges of Education was used. It outlines the various factors that militate against successful integration of ICT tools in teaching and learning. The extent to which student-teachers are embracing technology in their learning have been analysed. The study used questionnaire and participatory observation of classroom activities to collect data from hundred and forty (140) Student-teachers at Offinso College of Education. The findings show no significant difference in access and usage of ICT tools among male and female student-teachers. The study revealed lack of technical support and maintenance as a significant impediment to the development of ICT in the College of education. However, there was no significant difference in access and use of ICT tool since student-teachers share similar backgrounds.

Keywords: Education, Gender, Ghana, ICT, ICT tools, Learning, Student Teachers, Teaching, Technology

E-Governance: Illusion or Opportunity for Nigerian University’s Administration (Published)

The use of e-Governance in administration is fast becoming an indispensable tool for the success and development of both public and private organisations. Universities across the globe were not left behind in this development. Its ability to incorporate ICT made it indispensable as it promotes transparency, accountability, simplicity, fastness, and accuracy in the administration of universities and all other organisations. This paper examines Nigerian universities position in this development, opportunities it needs to tap as a result, impending challenges that must be surmounted and the prospects of e-Governance towards the development of university institutions in Nigeria. The paper uses documentary analysis to arrive at conclusion that the introduction of electronic governance in Nigerian universities is highly recommended and necessary in the achievement of transparency, accountability, simplicity, accuracy and reduce corruption. However, the university authorities and the government of Nigeria must address its infrastructural defects such as instability in the power sector and poor manpower expertise as well as embarking on efficient and effective training of staff and students concerned. The paper concludes that there is a lot of hope on the potential of e-governance to transform Nigeria’s university administration.

Keywords: Administration, E-Governance, ICT, University

Level of Availability and Utilization of Information and Communication Technology Facilities by Students: A Case Study of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo State Nigeria (Published)

This paper is an attempt to evaluate the availability and utilization of Information and Communication (ICT) facilities  by students in Federal Polytechnic Library, and also challenges the academic library faces in the area of adoption and utilization of ICT in their service delivery. Questionnaire survey approach was adopted. Primary data were collected with the aid of a four point likert scale questionnaire. Questionnaires were administered to Students of the study area. The Population for the Students at Federal Polytechnic Nekede  is 870 which was obtained from the Universities’ Information and Communication Technology block (ICT, 2017). The sample size is 290. The sampling technique used here is stratified simple random. To guarantee the reliability of the instrument, it was administered on ten(10)participants out of the envisaged population of the study. A test-retest reliability method of two weeks interval was conducted, response obtained were subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation method and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. To analyze data on the research questions of the study the researcher used descriptive statistical mean. The hypothesis was tested using the chi-square (x2) which is a statistical tool to test hypothesis about the relationship between means of groups. It was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that scanning machines, printer, CD-ROM, Computer, Flash Drives, Land Area Network (LAN) and Inverter were available but few. Also the majority of the students indicated that they use ICT to retrieve information (3.1), make research(3.1), disseminate information (3.0) chat with friends (3.1) and download files (3.0). Challenges such as unreliable telecommunication network (3.3) insecurity in the library (3.3) epileptic power supply (3.3) unreliable internet (3.0) and high cost of ICT hardware/software were identified as major challenges of availability and utilization of ICT in the school’s academic library. It was recommended however that these challenges be looked into both by the institution and government in order to address the challenges.

Keywords: Academic Library, Education, ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Nigeria, Students, Utilization

Contribution of ICT to Poverty Reduction Among Women in Kilosa District (Published)

This study examines the contribution of information communication technology to poverty reduction among women.The study assessed availability and accessibility of ICT infrastructures, the role of ICTs in poverty reduction among womenand determine factors that hinder accessibility of ICT tools among women. The study was done in  kilosa Morogoro and involved a total of 50 respondent. The study used survey research methodology to collect data. Three instruments were applied to facilitate data collection,that is structured questionnaire for interview, observation and documentation (secondary data) collected from household as a base of data collection as well as ICT telecentre and other sources of data. The data was collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist. Findings show that male respondents were 38% while females were 62%. Of the sample population who use ICT 60% were females while 38% were males. This study provided a first look on the role of ICTs to poverty reduction among women by identifying the benefits  of ICT which are: job creation,  banking services, improvement agriculture by ensuring availability of market, prevent middlemen exploitation,expanding and strengthening social networks and ensure accessibility and ownership of assets. The conclusion of the study calls for increasing investment in education, creating awareness among women regarding the range of services provided, improvement of ICT infrastructure, reduces cost in ICTs services provision, public and private investment is a vital tool therefore maximization of employment opportunity, including physical infrastructure, and entrepreneurial skills. The study suggests one area for further research: one is the extent to which ICTs infrastructures helps women in poverty reduction compared to those who do not use by specifying indicators of development brought by ICT tools.

Keywords: Contribution, ICT, Poverty Reduction, Women

Podcast versus Vodcast and Students’ Academic Achievement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) A Research Course (Published)

This comparative study has compared the impact of two innovative pedagogical strategies, vodcast and podcast on academic achievement of undergraduate students taking ICT-in-Research, a course in Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt. Ninety eight (98) of these undergraduates were randomly drawn from the Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology for the 2015/2016 academic session. Fifty two (52) and forty six (46) undergraduate students formed the podcast and vodcast categories respectively. The instrument was a post 20-item test with a reliability coefficient of 0.60, which was administered to the two categories. T-test statistics was the analytical tool used in testing the two hypotheses of the study. From the study, it was revealed that students taught using podcast had higher academic achievements than those taught using vodcast. Hence, the recommendation that educators in Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt should mostly adopt podcasting strategy to support their students’ knowledge construction process

Keywords: And Pedagogical Strategies., Disruptive Innovation, Education, ICT, Podcast, Vodcast

Assessment of the Effect of Information and Communication Technologies on the Economic Activities of Cooperative Societies in South Eastern Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) have become an indispensable part of contemporary world.  The cooperative sectors globally have equally being affected in a number of ways. This paper examines the effect of information and communication technology on the economic activities of cooperative societies in south eastern zone of Nigeria. In line with the objectives of this study, this work utilizes primary sources of data. The primary data were collected through interviews, questionnaires and focus-group discussions and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The main result of the study indicated that information and communication technologies have a significant positive effect on the cooperative services and influenced their level of economic activities. It was concluded that the application of information and communication technology enhances cooperative society’s efficiency, service delivery and increase membership patronage. Moreover, this paper recommended that the management of cooperative societies should strengthen investment in information and communication technologies so as to facilitate speed, convenient and accurate service delivery.

Keywords: Cooperatives Societies, Economy, ICT, Indispensable, Service

Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitude towards Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) As a Pedagogical Tool in Teacher Education (Published)

The study investigated pre-service teachers’ attitude towards application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a pedagogical tool in teacher education. A sample of 365 of pre-service teachers of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria was used for the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in carrying out the study. A 4-point type of questionnaire titled “Pre-service Teachers’ Attitude towards ICT Application Scale (PSTAICTAS)” was used to generate data. It had reliability coefficient (r) of .76 determined using Pearson’s product moments correlation coefficient formula. The data generated was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research question while the hypothesis was tested using t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that pre-service teachers had positive attitude towards ICT as a pedagogical tool irrespective of their gender. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educators in teacher training institutions should apply ICT tools in their lecture delivery to enable pre-service teachers benefit from it.

Keywords: ICT, Pedagogical Tool, Pre-Service Teachers, Teacher Education, attitude

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

Impact Of Information And Communication Technologies (ICT), On Student’s Academic Performance in Post-Secondary Schools; Case Study Of Federal College Of Agriculture Ishiagu, Ivo Lga, Ebonyi State-Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication Technology (ICT) have found application in virtually all spheres of human Endeavour, particularly education and training.  However, it is not precisely evident if the use of ICT enhances student’s academic performance, or not. This paper investigates the level of availability and access students have to ICT facilities on campuses, as well as the technical know-how they possess, with regards to the use of ICT facilities. The Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu is used as case study. Chi square was used to test postulated hypothesis. The study determined whether the use of ICT impacts positively on the academic performance of students of the Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu Ebonyi State-Nigeria. The paper made recommendations which aim at encouraging effective use of ICT to boost student’s academic performance in Post-Secondary Schools.

Keywords: (IT), Chi-Square, Hypotheses, Hypothesis, ICT

Prevalence of HIV/AIDS among Ethiopian People in Khartoum State (Published)

Background: This descriptive cross sectional and analytical study has been done to study prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the impact of associated factors affecting prevalence in Ethiopian people in west Juref in Khartoum state. Methods: Seventy five blood samples collected from patients coming to Alfaruk medical center, seeking for medical care. Serum was separated from blood and subjected to rapid testing by immunochromatogrphy (ICT) to detect presence of antibody against HIV antigen. Result: Six samples were positive for presence of HIV-Abs (5-positive for HIV-1 and 1 positive for HIV-2) comprising 8% while (69) samples (92%) were negative for HIV.ELISA (Fourth generation ELISA) was done on the six positive ICT result as confirmatory test revealed presence of strong positive result indicating presence of HIV-Ab. Conclusion: Results of studying parameters of socioeconomic factors affecting. HIV prevalence indicates positive correlation showing high infection rateIn the age group (31-40years), in males (8%) more than females, all males were Christian, and maybe uncircumcised, in the same time uneducated or just at primary level.

Keywords: Ag, Aids, ELISA, HIV, ICT, serum