Tag Archives: ICT

Assessment of Information Communication Technology Proficiency of Secondary School Teachers in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study attempts to assess of information communication technology proficiency of secondary school teachers in Edo State, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive survey method and questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The total population for the study is one hundred and twenty nine (129) secondary schools teachers in four selected secondary schools in Etsako west local government area of Edo state. The population of this study is not too large and as such the entire population was taken as representative sample using purposeful sampling technique. It was revealed from the study that ICT is not employed for teaching by majority of the teachers in the secondary schools studied, most teachers have negative attitude towards the use of ICT, a majority of the secondary school teachers studied have positive perception of  perceived ease of teaching and learning with ICT and Lack of ICT facilities in secondary schools, lack of commitment from government and school management, lack of motivation and training, lack of ICT policies in secondary schools, lack of technical support from government and private sector, lack of qualified teachers to teach ICT and Teachers’ anxiety over being replaced by technology are  the major factors militating against teachers readiness and effective use of ICT in secondary schools in Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo state. The study recommends that Government should be committed to full implementation of ICT in secondary schools by way formulating policies and implementing the existing one if any with all sincerity.

Keywords: Assessment, Edo state, ICT, Proficiency, Secondary Schools, Teacher

Integration and Usage of ICT by Social Studies Teachers in Teaching in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of Ghana (Published)

The study focused on Social Studies teachers’ knowledge and usage of ICT in teaching Social Studies in Junior High Schools in the Gomoa West District of the Central Region of Ghana. The study was hinged on Technology Acceptance Model and used concurrent triangulation design within the mixed method approach. Census sampling was used to select all the 77 Social Studies teachers and purposive sampling was used to select 5 out of the 77 for the study. The study used questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations as instruments to collect the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages were used to analyze the quantitative data and qualitative data were analyzed thematically. The study’s findings showed that greater number of the JHS Social Studies teachers possess knowledge in ICT, have good perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies and are willing to use ICT in teaching.  However, only few of the teachers integrated ICT in teaching the subject. This was as a result of inadequate computers and other ICT tools, lack of electricity in schools and some of the Social Studies teachers’ wrong perception about ICT integration in teaching Social Studies.  It is recommended that Social Studies teachers be given regular in-service training; be provided with computers and other ICT tools, by the Gomoa West District Education Office. Head teachers, Circuit Supervisors should encourage, motivate and supervise Social Studies teachers to integrate ICT in teaching Social Studies. 

Keywords: ICT, Integration, Junior High Schools, Social Studies Teachers

Revisiting ICT Adoption Theories and Charting a Progressive Path for Future ICT Adoption Research in SMES (Published)

This paper attempts to develop an integrated framework that aims to challenge researchers on a progressive path for future ICT adoption research especially in SMEs. The paper accessed major databases of a number of top IS  journals in the field and reviews previous theories used to study ICT adoption, examine the progress made so far, and the limitations of these theories in an attempt to develop a framework, that aims to challenge  researchers  and  aid further contributions in this IS field. The study developed a framework informed by three theories; Structuration theory (ST), Actors Network Theory (ANT) and Adaptive Structuration theory (AST) and argues that   using such integrated theory to examine the process of ICT adoption will help to unveil the recursive nature, entities involved and the kind of research approach that may be applied. Hence, for research in this area to be progressive, entities in the framework must be considered amidst other influence. The framework also suggests adoption of ICT will be embraced faster by organizations especially small businesses if the entities involved are committed in conveying the right information thereby supporting SMEs in making adequate decisions. This work provides further insight into ICT adoption framework that may advance future research in the field of ICT adoption, assist SMEs in adopting and implementing ICT overtime. This is relevant given that the complexities associated with the adoption of ICT is becoming worrisome and SMEs have limited knowledge on issues relating to emerging ICTs. The framework may motivate SMEs in understanding diverse actors, factors and social structures affecting ICT adoption better and how to cope with them. The framework serves as an analytical instrument in explaining ICT adoption process and its outcomes characterized by conflicting views

Keywords: ANT, AST, Adoption framework, ICT, SMEs, ST

Professional Updates for Language Teachers in A Digitally Infected Clime: The ICT Utilization Sensibility (Published)

The teaching profession in Nigeria is faced with a lot of problems which militate against the integrity of the profession.  This is because educators have come to realize that any meaningful improvement in the education that students receive is highly dependent on the quality of the instruction that the teacher provides.  The paper looks into the training and retraining needs of English language teachers for effective utilization of ICT in secondary schools in Ekiti State.  The research design was descriptive.  The population for the study comprised all English Language teachers (571) in the senior secondary schools in Ekiti State.  Multistage random sampling technique was utilized in selecting the sample.  In all, all (20) English Language teachers in the selected schools were used as the sample.  A research instrument titled “Teachers’ Assessment of the Need for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in English Language (TANICTENG)” was tested for both validity and reliability procedures and used for data collection.  Reliability coefficients of 0.67was obtained. Conclusion was drawn and recommendations were made among which are that teachers should engage in personal development; Teacher Training institutions should see to effective teacher education programmes; government at all levels should create an enabling environment that could help the teachers to perform optimally, among others.

Keywords: Hyper-dynamism, ICT, Integration, Pedagogy, blended learning

Gender Metamorphoses in the Use of ICT Tools: A Case Study at Offinso College of Education (Published)

The role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education cannot be overemphasized, hence teachers as agents of education are expected to acquire the essential skills to help train the 21st century child to survive in the current competitive and technologically driven world. The study aimed at the impact of ICT on Male and Female student-teachers in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The Mixed research design which takes into consideration the various factors that influence ICT access and usage in Colleges of Education was used. It outlines the various factors that militate against successful integration of ICT tools in teaching and learning. The extent to which student-teachers are embracing technology in their learning have been analysed. The study used questionnaire and participatory observation of classroom activities to collect data from hundred and forty (140) Student-teachers at Offinso College of Education. The findings show no significant difference in access and usage of ICT tools among male and female student-teachers. The study revealed lack of technical support and maintenance as a significant impediment to the development of ICT in the College of education. However, there was no significant difference in access and use of ICT tool since student-teachers share similar backgrounds.

Keywords: Education, Gender, Ghana, ICT, ICT tools, Learning, Student Teachers, Teaching, Technology

E-Governance: Illusion or Opportunity for Nigerian University’s Administration (Published)

The use of e-Governance in administration is fast becoming an indispensable tool for the success and development of both public and private organisations. Universities across the globe were not left behind in this development. Its ability to incorporate ICT made it indispensable as it promotes transparency, accountability, simplicity, fastness, and accuracy in the administration of universities and all other organisations. This paper examines Nigerian universities position in this development, opportunities it needs to tap as a result, impending challenges that must be surmounted and the prospects of e-Governance towards the development of university institutions in Nigeria. The paper uses documentary analysis to arrive at conclusion that the introduction of electronic governance in Nigerian universities is highly recommended and necessary in the achievement of transparency, accountability, simplicity, accuracy and reduce corruption. However, the university authorities and the government of Nigeria must address its infrastructural defects such as instability in the power sector and poor manpower expertise as well as embarking on efficient and effective training of staff and students concerned. The paper concludes that there is a lot of hope on the potential of e-governance to transform Nigeria’s university administration.

Keywords: Administration, E-Governance, ICT, University

Level of Availability and Utilization of Information and Communication Technology Facilities by Students: A Case Study of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo State Nigeria (Published)

This paper is an attempt to evaluate the availability and utilization of Information and Communication (ICT) facilities  by students in Federal Polytechnic Library, and also challenges the academic library faces in the area of adoption and utilization of ICT in their service delivery. Questionnaire survey approach was adopted. Primary data were collected with the aid of a four point likert scale questionnaire. Questionnaires were administered to Students of the study area. The Population for the Students at Federal Polytechnic Nekede  is 870 which was obtained from the Universities’ Information and Communication Technology block (ICT, 2017). The sample size is 290. The sampling technique used here is stratified simple random. To guarantee the reliability of the instrument, it was administered on ten(10)participants out of the envisaged population of the study. A test-retest reliability method of two weeks interval was conducted, response obtained were subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation method and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. To analyze data on the research questions of the study the researcher used descriptive statistical mean. The hypothesis was tested using the chi-square (x2) which is a statistical tool to test hypothesis about the relationship between means of groups. It was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that scanning machines, printer, CD-ROM, Computer, Flash Drives, Land Area Network (LAN) and Inverter were available but few. Also the majority of the students indicated that they use ICT to retrieve information (3.1), make research(3.1), disseminate information (3.0) chat with friends (3.1) and download files (3.0). Challenges such as unreliable telecommunication network (3.3) insecurity in the library (3.3) epileptic power supply (3.3) unreliable internet (3.0) and high cost of ICT hardware/software were identified as major challenges of availability and utilization of ICT in the school’s academic library. It was recommended however that these challenges be looked into both by the institution and government in order to address the challenges.

Keywords: Academic Library, Education, ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Nigeria, Students, Utilization

Contribution of ICT to Poverty Reduction Among Women in Kilosa District (Published)

This study examines the contribution of information communication technology to poverty reduction among women.The study assessed availability and accessibility of ICT infrastructures, the role of ICTs in poverty reduction among womenand determine factors that hinder accessibility of ICT tools among women. The study was done in  kilosa Morogoro and involved a total of 50 respondent. The study used survey research methodology to collect data. Three instruments were applied to facilitate data collection,that is structured questionnaire for interview, observation and documentation (secondary data) collected from household as a base of data collection as well as ICT telecentre and other sources of data. The data was collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist. Findings show that male respondents were 38% while females were 62%. Of the sample population who use ICT 60% were females while 38% were males. This study provided a first look on the role of ICTs to poverty reduction among women by identifying the benefits  of ICT which are: job creation,  banking services, improvement agriculture by ensuring availability of market, prevent middlemen exploitation,expanding and strengthening social networks and ensure accessibility and ownership of assets. The conclusion of the study calls for increasing investment in education, creating awareness among women regarding the range of services provided, improvement of ICT infrastructure, reduces cost in ICTs services provision, public and private investment is a vital tool therefore maximization of employment opportunity, including physical infrastructure, and entrepreneurial skills. The study suggests one area for further research: one is the extent to which ICTs infrastructures helps women in poverty reduction compared to those who do not use by specifying indicators of development brought by ICT tools.

Keywords: Contribution, ICT, Poverty Reduction, Women

Podcast versus Vodcast and Students’ Academic Achievement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) A Research Course (Published)

This comparative study has compared the impact of two innovative pedagogical strategies, vodcast and podcast on academic achievement of undergraduate students taking ICT-in-Research, a course in Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt. Ninety eight (98) of these undergraduates were randomly drawn from the Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology for the 2015/2016 academic session. Fifty two (52) and forty six (46) undergraduate students formed the podcast and vodcast categories respectively. The instrument was a post 20-item test with a reliability coefficient of 0.60, which was administered to the two categories. T-test statistics was the analytical tool used in testing the two hypotheses of the study. From the study, it was revealed that students taught using podcast had higher academic achievements than those taught using vodcast. Hence, the recommendation that educators in Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt should mostly adopt podcasting strategy to support their students’ knowledge construction process

Keywords: And Pedagogical Strategies., Disruptive Innovation, Education, ICT, Podcast, Vodcast

Assessment of the Effect of Information and Communication Technologies on the Economic Activities of Cooperative Societies in South Eastern Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) have become an indispensable part of contemporary world.  The cooperative sectors globally have equally being affected in a number of ways. This paper examines the effect of information and communication technology on the economic activities of cooperative societies in south eastern zone of Nigeria. In line with the objectives of this study, this work utilizes primary sources of data. The primary data were collected through interviews, questionnaires and focus-group discussions and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The main result of the study indicated that information and communication technologies have a significant positive effect on the cooperative services and influenced their level of economic activities. It was concluded that the application of information and communication technology enhances cooperative society’s efficiency, service delivery and increase membership patronage. Moreover, this paper recommended that the management of cooperative societies should strengthen investment in information and communication technologies so as to facilitate speed, convenient and accurate service delivery.

Keywords: Cooperatives Societies, Economy, ICT, Indispensable, Service

Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitude towards Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) As a Pedagogical Tool in Teacher Education (Published)

The study investigated pre-service teachers’ attitude towards application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a pedagogical tool in teacher education. A sample of 365 of pre-service teachers of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria was used for the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in carrying out the study. A 4-point type of questionnaire titled “Pre-service Teachers’ Attitude towards ICT Application Scale (PSTAICTAS)” was used to generate data. It had reliability coefficient (r) of .76 determined using Pearson’s product moments correlation coefficient formula. The data generated was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research question while the hypothesis was tested using t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that pre-service teachers had positive attitude towards ICT as a pedagogical tool irrespective of their gender. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educators in teacher training institutions should apply ICT tools in their lecture delivery to enable pre-service teachers benefit from it.

Keywords: ICT, Pedagogical Tool, Pre-Service Teachers, Teacher Education, attitude

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

Impact Of Information And Communication Technologies (ICT), On Student’s Academic Performance in Post-Secondary Schools; Case Study Of Federal College Of Agriculture Ishiagu, Ivo Lga, Ebonyi State-Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication Technology (ICT) have found application in virtually all spheres of human Endeavour, particularly education and training.  However, it is not precisely evident if the use of ICT enhances student’s academic performance, or not. This paper investigates the level of availability and access students have to ICT facilities on campuses, as well as the technical know-how they possess, with regards to the use of ICT facilities. The Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu is used as case study. Chi square was used to test postulated hypothesis. The study determined whether the use of ICT impacts positively on the academic performance of students of the Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu Ebonyi State-Nigeria. The paper made recommendations which aim at encouraging effective use of ICT to boost student’s academic performance in Post-Secondary Schools.

Keywords: (IT), Chi-Square, Hypotheses, Hypothesis, ICT

Prevalence of HIV/AIDS among Ethiopian People in Khartoum State (Published)

Background: This descriptive cross sectional and analytical study has been done to study prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the impact of associated factors affecting prevalence in Ethiopian people in west Juref in Khartoum state. Methods: Seventy five blood samples collected from patients coming to Alfaruk medical center, seeking for medical care. Serum was separated from blood and subjected to rapid testing by immunochromatogrphy (ICT) to detect presence of antibody against HIV antigen. Result: Six samples were positive for presence of HIV-Abs (5-positive for HIV-1 and 1 positive for HIV-2) comprising 8% while (69) samples (92%) were negative for HIV.ELISA (Fourth generation ELISA) was done on the six positive ICT result as confirmatory test revealed presence of strong positive result indicating presence of HIV-Ab. Conclusion: Results of studying parameters of socioeconomic factors affecting. HIV prevalence indicates positive correlation showing high infection rateIn the age group (31-40years), in males (8%) more than females, all males were Christian, and maybe uncircumcised, in the same time uneducated or just at primary level.

Keywords: Ag, Aids, ELISA, HIV, ICT, serum

A survey on E-education of Information and Communication Technology (Published)

Education is the phenomenon and process of life time learning and teaching and training methods which cannot be bounded into colleges, schools and universities. In this phenomenon ICT has played a great and vital contributory role and which create smooth and flexible educational and training and teaching environment. ICT has played revolutionary role in the collecting and sharing knowledge and information to the students and teachers through   WWW (World Wide Web). An even villager also gets updated in their knowledge by collecting reference books course materials, educational tutorials through www. ICT has opened the door of various courses and training planes of Open universities, Distance educational Institutes to the households and professionals, even by accessing these courses and training sessions while seating in their homes and offices easily smoothly. Educational training session can be conducted as well as accessed without any geographical bindings with less spawn of time anywhere else. Now a day’s television and internet is also a great source of propagating the knowledge and information through ICT, where the formers and agriculturists can be learn new methodologies and the concepts which can be benefited to their agriculture field. Now a day’s most of the educational institutes also conducting online exams and tests through which human mistakes can be avoid In this paper we take a review and survey of Information and communication technology in educational fields and how it brought a Digital educational revolution in the form of e-education.

 

Keywords: E-education, E-leaning, ICT, Internet

ICT Adoption Attitude of Lecturers (Published)

With ex post facto research method, this study investigated the attitude of lecturers towards the adoption of Information and Communication Technology, abbreviated as ICT, in teaching and research in federal and state-owned universities in Nigeria. Four research questions and null hypotheses were respectively, answered and tested. A stratified sample of 400 lecturers (251 males and 149 females) was randomly drawn from one federal university and one state university. A factor analyzed 55 items instrument with high construct validity and three-factor loadings was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument, using the Cronbach alpha method, showed reliability coefficients of 0.67, 0.62, and 0.51 for attitude, competence, and accessibility factor loadings, respectively. Data analysis was done with the use of independent samples t-test and One-way ANOVA for testing the hypotheses. Results revealed that gender and area of specialization have no significant difference in the attitude of lecturers’ towards ICT adoption in teaching and research. On years of experience, moderately and less experienced lecturers are more competent in the use of ICTs than their highly experienced counterparts. ICT facilities are significantly more accessible the Federal university (University of Port Harcourt) than the State university (Rivers State University of Science and Technology). University management should motivate and encourage lecturers to participate in ICT training programs, lecturers especially highly experienced should be well motivated to develop their ICT competence.

Keywords: Area of specialization, Federal Universities, Gender, ICT, ICT competence, Information and Communication Technology, Lecturers, State universities, Years of experience, and ICT access; Adoption of ICT, attitude

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

Student’s Perception of Internet Use in Agricultural Colleges in Ghana: The Case of Kwadaso Agricultural College and University of Cape Coast Kumasi Campus (Published)

The objective of the study was to identify student’s perceptions about constraints affecting the use of the Internet in Agriculture Colleges in Ghana and to evaluate how those constraints can be addressed to enhance their professional capacity and productivity through the use of the information technology. The target population for this study consisted of 50 General Agricultural students at Kwadaso Agricultural College and 23 Agricultural Extension students at University of Coast Cape- Kumasi campus (UCCKC).  Data was collected using the descriptive methods of research. Information were collected from participants through a personal visit to the colleges. Findings indicated that students use the Internet about once a week. Most students had access to the Internet at school dormitories and through public cafes. Respondents indicated that use of the Internet was mostly for educational purposes. When compared across ages, results revealed that younger students (˂40 years) use more Internet than older students (˃40 years) for classroom work, preparing assignments literature review information seeking and social media. The findings were confirmed by the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) indicating that difference in the use of Internet for these various variables was statistically significant across age group with p-value of 0.00 at 0.01 level of significance.

Keywords: Agriculture Colleges, Extension Agent, ICT, Internet

Examination of ICT Compliance and Utilization for Curriculum Delivery among Social Studies Teachers In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought profound changes to almost all aspects of life, including educational practices. The role of ICT in the development of knowledge is widely recognized. This study investigated how teachers’ Compliance and Utilization of ICT impact on their curriculum delivery in Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and answered in this study. The study adopted survey design. The population of this study is 681 social studies teachers in 2015/2016 academic year, from where a total of 204 respondents were sampled. A 16-item instrument titled “ICT Compliance and Utilization Assessment Questionnaire” (ICUAQ) developed by the researcher and validated by experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Uyo was used for data collection with a reliability coefficient of 0.81, established through a correlation analysis. Data generated based on the research questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentage. Findings revealed that social studies teachers show noncompliance attitudes towards ICT, measured in terms of acceptance of ICT training, and accessing ICT resources. The study revealed that teachers make less use of ICT in terms of frequency in the use of ICT in lesson preparations, teaching and learning. Based on the findings, the study concluded that objective of ICT in education in Nigeria has not been met, and that social studies teachers are yet to derive the benefits of ICT in curriculum delivery. Consequently, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders such as Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and Old Students should liaise with schools to determine the training needs of staff members and help them to organize appropriate training programmes.

Keywords: Curriculum, Education, ICT, Nigeria, Social Studies, Teacher, Training

The Impact of E-Banking on Efficient Service Delivery to Customers in Nigeria Economy (Published)

The advent of service areas like financial advisory services, funds transfers and international trade among others helps propel Nigeria banks into the development of new and improved service delivery channels. Information and communication technology (ICT) rapidly emerged as the platform for building integrating and communicating effective service to customers. Today in Nigeria servers, personal computers and local / wide area networks have taken a firm foot as the minimum requirement for rendering credible and effective banking services. Adenuga (2003), the recent trends in Information Technology (IT) are becoming central to the process of economic development. IT offers new ways of exchanging information, transacting business, changes the nature of the financial and other services sectors and provides efficient means of using the human and institutional capabilities of countries in both the public and private sectors.  IT can be applied to every conceivable activity; from collecting taxes to bank management, complex scientific and technical problems.

Keywords: Bank, Customers, Economy, Fund Transfer, ICT, services